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汽车开上了天花板——工业建筑改造手法层出不穷!第1张图片


安装有老式汽车的SOMA住宅
Vintage car mounted to ceiling in SOMA Residence by Dumican Mosey

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

美国Dumican Mosey Architects事务所将旧金山的旧工业建筑改造成了当代艺术家的生活住宅、画廊和工作室。

American firm Dumican Mosey Architects has transformed an old industrial building in San Franciscointo a home, gallery and studio for a contemporary artist and her family.

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SOMA 住宅位于旧金山的South of Market附近,曾经是一座建造于20世纪20年代的前汽车修理车库。建筑师第一次到这座两层高的建筑考察时,对它的第一印象是“黑暗、破旧和充满油腻”。

Located in the city's South of Market neighbourhood, the SOMA Residence occupies a former auto repair garage dating to the 1920s. When the architects first encountered the two-storey building, it was "dark, rundown and pungent with grease".

汽车开上了天花板——工业建筑改造手法层出不穷!第3张图片

Photograph by Kirsten Hepburn

“这座历史悠久的工业建筑,让这个项目充满了挑战,这是一个精心考虑、业主自住、适应性再利用的住宅项目。”建筑师在项目描述中说。

"The historic, industrial-use building provided a unique canvas and challenging opportunity for this carefully considered, owner-occupied, adaptive reuse project," said local studio Dumican Mosey Architects in a project description.

汽车开上了天花板——工业建筑改造手法层出不穷!第4张图片

Photograph by Kirsten Hepburn

建筑师需要将面积约8200平方英尺(762平方米)的建筑改造成艺术家Klari Reis的家庭住宅、工作室和画廊。Klari Reis希望艺术与建筑之间有强烈的相互作用,同时也有光线、质感和材质的交融。

客房配有各种当代艺术品,最引人注目的是创作于1965年的红色Fiat,它被倒置在楼梯上方的天花板上。

The architects were charged with converting the rectangular, 8,200-square-foot (762-square-metre) building into a home, studio and gallery for artist Klari Reis, who lives there with her husband and son. The clients wanted a strong interplay between art and architecture, along with a blending of light, texture and materiality.
The rooms are punctuated with a range of contemporary artworks. Perhaps the most notable piece is a 1965 red Fiat that was mounted upside-down to the ceiling over the stairs.

汽车开上了天花板——工业建筑改造手法层出不穷!第5张图片

Photograph by Kirsten Hepburn

同时,在外观上,设计团队恢复了建筑原有的混凝土墙,并将其漆成黑色。面向街道的立面上,钢制窗框经过翻新与替换。建筑师在地面添加磨砂玻璃面板,保障隐私,同时自然光仍能照入建筑物。

“在地面引入全新的现代主义元素,形成新旧互动的街道和行人之间的关系。”建筑师说道。

Meanwhile, on the exterior, the team restored the building's original concrete walls and painted them black. On the street-facing facade, steel-sash windows were replaced with newer versions that recall the originals. Frosted glass panels were added at ground level, which provide privacy while still enabling natural light to enter the building.
"New modernist infill elements were introduced at the ground level, creating a dynamic relationship as experienced from the street and pedestrian level between new and old," the team said.

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建筑底层包含工作室、画廊,以及一个车库。设计团队还整合了一个小公寓,可以出租或供客人使用。在建筑的后部,建筑师设置了大型倾斜玻璃门,使用者可以从房间进入小型户外庭院。

Inside, the ground floor contains the studio and gallery, along with a two-car garage. The team also incorporated a small apartment that can be rented out or used by guests. In the rear of the building, large, tilt-up glass doors enable rooms to flow onto a small outdoor patio.

汽车开上了天花板——工业建筑改造手法层出不穷!第7张图片

Photograph by Kirsten Hepburn

建筑二层改造成三居室的阁楼式空间。在楼层的中心,设计团队创建了一个庭院,两旁有滑动玻璃门和布满植物的生活墙。电动天窗可以自由启闭,引入自然光线和新鲜空气。

Floating stairs lead to the second storey, which was converted into a three-bedroom, loft-style space. At the centre of the plan, the team created a courtyard lined with sliding glass doors and a lush living wall. Motorised skylights usher in daylight and fresh air.

汽车开上了天花板——工业建筑改造手法层出不穷!第8张图片

Photograph by Kirsten Hepburn

汽车开上了天花板——工业建筑改造手法层出不穷!第9张图片


整座建筑内融合了新旧材料。在某些区域,建筑师使用核桃壳爆破技术对原混凝土墙体表面进行清理,使得墙体暴露在外。新增的元素包括再生橡木地板、白干墙和由板形混凝土制成的剪力墙。

Throughout the building, there is a mix of old and new materials. In certain areas, original concrete walls were left exposed after their surfaces were cleaned using a walnut-shell blasting technique. Newly added elements include reclaimed oak flooring, white drywall, and shear walls made of board-formed concrete.

汽车开上了天花板——工业建筑改造手法层出不穷!第10张图片


在美国,诸如旧金山等许多城市都有着许多旧的工业建筑,这些建筑正在改造为商店、住宅和办公场所。旧金山的其他适应性再利用项目包括由Pfau Long Architecture事务所设计的McClintock大楼,这座上世纪30年代的建筑曾经用作服装制造,而后被改造为有着玻璃屋顶的创意工作室。

除非有特别注明,其余照片由Cesar Rubio拍摄。

Like many American cities, San Francisco has a plethora of old industrial buildings that are being converted in shops, homes and workspaces. Other adaptive reuse projects in the city include the McClintock Building by Pfau Long Architecture, which entailed converting a 1930s building that once housed a dress manufacturer into a creative workspace with an openable glass roof.
Photography is by Cesar Rubio unless stated otherwise.

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