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流浪者的居所——简易木板睡眠舱第1张图片


Wooden sleeping pods by Reed Watts made available to homeless people in London

由专筑网王帅,李韧编译

设计师使用简易组装木板制作模块化睡眠舱,为伦敦无家可归的流浪者提供住所。

这10座睡眠舱出自伦敦Reed Watts建筑事务所之手,它们被安置在英国德特福德999 Club夜间临时收容所内。

这些睡眠舱成为街上流浪人群的安全临时住所。

Modular sleeping pods made from easy-to-assemble wooden panels are providing temporary accommodation for homeless people in London.
Ten of the prefabricated pods, designed by London-based architecture studio Reed Watts, have been installed inside the 999 Club night shelter in Deptford.
They offer secure, temporary accommodation to people who might otherwise be sleeping on the streets.

流浪者的居所——简易木板睡眠舱第2张图片


Reed Watts建筑事务所同时也会通过Creative Commons License提供在线设计,因此,任何人只要材料充分,就都能制作出更多的睡眠舱,并将它们提供给有需要的人。

Reed Watts建筑事务所联合创始人兼建筑师Matt Watts希望城市的其他公司能够提供空置的空间。

他说:“我们通过在Creative Commons License上将设计免费发布,旨在希望可以让更多的机构有机会在需要提供短期庇护的地方使用这些设计。”

Reed Watts is also making the design available online through a Creative Commons license, so that anyone with the facilities will be able to reproduce additional pods and make them available to people in need.
Architect and Reed Watts co-founder Matt Watts hopes that other companies across the capital will offer up vacant spaces.
"By releasing the design as a royalty-free Creative Commons license, we hope to give as many organisations as possible an opportunity to use the pods where there is a need for short-term shelter," he said.

流浪者的居所——简易木板睡眠舱第3张图片


该项目由公益性Commonweal Housing机构于2017年主办的一项竞赛发起,该机构呼吁帮助那些被迫在公园或地下通道露宿的罗马尼亚移民工人。

据统计,英国首都伦敦有17万无家可归的人,而这些罗马尼亚移民工人就占据了1/52。

Reed Watts建筑事务所设计的“低技舱”易于安装在学校大厅或废弃建筑之中,从而一举夺冠。

The project was initiated by a competition in 2017 hosted by the charity Commonweal Housing, which called for ideas to help Romanian migrant workers who were being forced to set up camp in public parks or underpasses.
These migrants are among an estimated 170,000 homeless people in the UK capital – equivalent to 1 in 52 people.
Reed Watts won the competition with its design for "low-tech pods" that can be easily installed in spaces such as school halls or disused buildings.

流浪者的居所——简易木板睡眠舱第4张图片


原型睡眠舱以前安装在999 Club,同时还有英国希灵登的Housing Justice,主要由建筑师在此进行概念测试。该设计的改进版本即将推出。

每座睡眠舱由18毫米厚的防火桦木胶合板组成,它们可以进行手工组装。这些睡眠舱围合在一起形成了一座高2.1米、长2.1米、宽1.9米的近似立方体结构。

每座睡眠舱内安置着一条放置在平台上的床垫,此外还有一个座位和一个安全的储藏区。窗帘保护了用户的隐私。

999 Club内的10座睡眠舱由当地Aldworth James&Bond工厂无偿建造,建造所用的面板由Specialised Panel Products提供。

Prototype pods were previously installed in the 999 Club, as well as Housing Justice in Hillingdon, to allow the architects to test the concept. An adapted version of this design is the one that is now being rolled out.
Each pod consists of 18-millimetre-thick interlocking panels of fireproof birch plywood, which can be assembled by hand. Together they form an approximately cube-shaped structure, measuring 2.1 metres high, 2.1 metres long and 1.9 metres wide.
Every one comes with a mattress raised up on a platform that functions as a bed, a seat and a secure storage area. A curtain offers users the option of privacy.
The 10 in use at the 999 Club were constructed pro bono by local fabricator Aldworth James & Bond, using materials donated by Specialised Panel Products.

流浪者的居所——简易木板睡眠舱第5张图片


之前也有其它在世界各地安装的睡眠舱。例如,香港工厂提议安装的竹制微型住宅,而曼谷的一个项目则计划在未完工的高楼大厦中安装采光良好的立方体睡眠舱。

999Club的首席执行官TimFallon认为Reed Watts事务所的睡眠舱在英国“史无前例”。

他说:“这些住所非常受欢迎,它们隐私良好,而且安静。为那些在最脆弱时候来到这里的人们提供了温暖的港湾。”

Other examples of sleeping pods have been proposed and trialled in cities around the world. For instance, bamboo micro homes were proposed for inside factories in Hong Kong, while a design from Bangkok envisioned light-filled cubes being installed in unfinished high-rises.
According to Tim Fallon, chief executive of the 999 Club, Reed Watts' pods are the first of their kind in the UK capital.
"They will provide very welcome privacy and a quiet space for people who come to our night shelter at their most vulnerable time," he said.

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