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“细节见真知”:8个让密斯刮目相看的建筑时刻第1张图片


“God Is in the Details”: 8 Architectural Moments to Make Mies Proud

由专筑网丁康杰,王雪纯编译

(密斯·凡·德·罗(Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe),德国建筑师,也是最著名的现代主义建筑大师之一,与赖特、勒·柯布西耶、格罗皮乌斯并称四大现代建筑大师。密斯坚持“Less is more”的建筑设计哲学,在处理手法上主张流动空间的新概念。除此之外,密斯还倡导“God Is in the Details”的创作理念,体现出其对于细节之美的极致追求。)

在当代建筑领域,顶级建筑公司的建设项目总是有着令人惊叹的细节。

“细节不仅仅是细节,细节决定设计的生命力。”查尔斯·埃姆斯如是说,毋庸置疑,他所言不假。这位美国建筑师告诉了我们,好的建筑设计和非凡的建筑的差距在哪里。密斯·凡·德·罗的至理名言“God Is in the Details”引领了上个世纪许多伟大建筑师们对于细节的重视,如果这位现代主义建筑大师知道人们对细节的追求没有随着时间的流逝而在当代实践中消失,想必也会很欣慰吧。

在当代建筑领域,顶级建筑公司的很多建设项目都有着令人惊讶的细节,它们完美地将形式与功能无缝衔接,通过一个简单的衔接或普通的材料就可以成就一个充满力量的建筑时刻,达到于无声处听惊雷的效果。如果你也想设计出一座充满细节之美的建筑时,不妨从下面这8个建筑项目中获得灵感,每一个项目在近些年来都因其创造者对细节的惊人洞察力备受称赞……

“The details are not the details. They make the design.”
So said Charles Eames, and he is surely right. The American architect was alluding to those special moments in design that transform good buildings into extraordinary ones. Mies van der Rohe’s headline quote sums up the significance placed on details by many great architects throughout the last century, and the master of modernism would undoubtedly be happy to see that this appreciation for the little things has not been lost in contemporary practice.
Many modern-day projects by cutting-edge firms include details of incredible rigor, seamlessly blending form and function to transform a simple junction or material transition into a powerful architectural moment. As you consider which of your projects to enter in the 2019 A+Awards, be inspired by this selection of eight projects, each of which was commended in previous years for its creator’s incredible eye for detail …

“细节见真知”:8个让密斯刮目相看的建筑时刻第2张图片


1. 建筑+砖

Brick Spris咖啡厅/Hooba Design/伊朗,德黑兰

早在2015年,Hooba Design在德黑兰设计的Brick Spris咖啡厅就吸引了餐厅类建筑的权威评委的考察,咖啡厅墙表面起伏有序,十分引人注目,这项设计无疑是完美运用砖砌细节的典范。每块砖都被分成了8小块,一些特定的小砖块表面被涂上了绿松石釉,能够产生闪光的效果。不同的小砖块之间会放置一些特殊的小照明方块,以此能够营造出一种更加奇妙的氛围。

1. Architecture +Brick

Brick Spris Coffe by Hooba Design, Tehran, Iran
Hooba Design’s cave-like Brick Spris Coffe shop in Tehran captivated the A+Awards jurors in the Restaurant category back in 2015, and its undulating surfaces form a striking example of brick detailing. Individual bricks were divided into eight pieces, and a turquoise glaze was applied to certain surfaces for a flash of color. Special lighting blocks were then slotted in between some modules for an even more magical ambience.

“细节见真知”:8个让密斯刮目相看的建筑时刻第3张图片


2. 建筑+木材

石窟桑拿房/PARTISANS/加拿大,安大略省

PARTISANS建筑事务所设计的石窟桑拿房是在医疗保健和健康类设计领域票选出的最受欢迎的设计,建筑坐落在的安大略省的荒野之中,其内部的雕刻设计是当代木材细节设计的典范。建筑事务所在制作这个项目的过程中与一位木工专家进行了合作,使用3D打印技术,最终制作出了一个柔软、流线型的表面,使得人们可以无拘无束的在这个静谧的环境中休息和放松。

2. Architecture +Wood
Grotto Sauna by PARTISANS, Ontario, Canada
PARTISANS won the popular vote in the Health Care & Wellness category with this cave-like sauna in the stunning Ontario wilderness, and its sculpted interior is an exemplar in contemporary timber detailing. The firm utilized 3D technology in the fabrication process, working with a millwork specialist to achieve a soft, flowing surface perfect for rest and relaxation in this serene environment.

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3. 建筑+玻璃

Gores集团总部/Belzberg建筑事务所设计/比佛利山庄

这座位于美国加利福尼亚州的商业建筑的创新式幕墙设计使Belzberg建筑事务所获得了2015年的低层办公楼设计奖。建筑的双层外表面采用了定制的折叠面板,每块面板的透明度都经过了精密的测试,以保证建筑内部环境的隐私。

3. Architecture +Glass
The Gores Group Headquarters by Belzberg Architects, Beverly Hills, Calif., USA3.
The innovative facade of this commercial building in California bagged Belzberg the 2015 award for Low Rise Offices. Custom-slumped panels were utilized for the double-skin envelope, each with a bespoke level of opacity to ensure the perfect levels of privacy throughout the interior.

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4. 建筑+混凝土

卧龙岗发展中心/HDR建筑事务所/澳大利亚

要从位于新南威尔士州的这个零售综合体设计中只挑出一个突出的细节,恐怕人们很难做到,但最引人注目的莫过于其复杂的蚀刻混凝土立面了。当地的伊拉华拉火焰树的花朵被抽象地雕刻在这些混凝土立面上,使得这种被广泛使用的材料在夜晚的光亮下变成了花团锦簇的挂毯。

4. Architecture +Concrete
Wollongong Central Development by HDR, Wollongong, Australia
It is hard to pick a single standout detail from this retail complex in New South Wales, but one of the most striking is its intricately etched concrete facade. An abstraction of the local Illawarra flame tree is embedded into the surface, transforming this typically monumental material into a tapestry of illuminated flowers by night.

“细节见真知”:8个让密斯刮目相看的建筑时刻第6张图片


5. 建筑+金属

韦莱涅停车场/ENOTA/斯洛文尼亚,韦莱涅

ENOTA建筑事务所设计了一个简单但极富创意的网状幕墙系统,在斯洛文尼亚,他们设计了一个雕塑般的金属外壳,包裹在一个停车场的外表面。这种可透水的屏风设计以一种引人注目的方式将这座停车场包裹起来,使得这座建筑不仅具有非同一般的重量,还具有高强度的结构。

5. Architecture +Metal
Velenje Car Park by ENOTA, Velenje, Slovenia
ENOTA developed a simple but highly inventive system of mesh screens to wrap a car park in their native Slovenia, creating a sculptural envelope with exemplary metal detailing. The manipulation of these permeable screens not only forms a striking way of concealing an ostensibly utilitarian building, but also possesses a high degree of structural strength in comparison to its weight.

“细节见真知”:8个让密斯刮目相看的建筑时刻第7张图片


6. 建筑+石块

石头小屋/Dekleva Gregoric Architects/斯洛文尼亚

在私人住宅类的作品中,Compact Karst住宅的设计理念是——“在每一个组成建筑的单位元中嵌入两个木制架构”——这个项目需要极其注重细节才能无缝衔接好外墙和屋顶两部分。Dekleva Gregoric 建筑事务所将传统建筑和现代建筑完美地融合在一起,使得该建筑成为完美运用建筑石材细节这种新细节形式的典范。

6. Architecture +Stone
Compact Karst House by Dekleva Gregoric Architects, Vrhovlje, Slovenia
Shortlisted in the XS Private House category, the concept for Compact Karst House — a “monolithic mono-material volume inserted with two wooden proto-houses” — required careful detailing to create a seamless transition between the external walls and roof. Dekleva Gregoric Architects’ beautifully crafted blend of traditional and contemporary construction makes it a perfect exemplar for the new category celebrating the best stone details in architecture.

“细节见真知”:8个让密斯刮目相看的建筑时刻第8张图片


7. 建筑+外墙

垃圾焚烧厂/Erick van Egeraat/丹麦,罗斯基勒

Erick van Egeraat建筑事务所设计的让人叹为观止的垃圾焚烧厂赢得了照明类建筑大奖,它的外墙面完美地展示了对细节的把控。由未加工的自然锈化的金属制成的穿孔板包裹着建筑整体,如同秋天的落叶组成的盔甲,在夜晚,闪烁的火光将这个工业设施从普通的实用结构转变成了一个巨大的雕刻艺术品。

7. Architecture +Façades
Incineration Line, Roskilde by (designed by) Erick van Egeraat, Roskilde, Denmark
Erick van Egeraat’s stunning incinerator won an A+Award in Architecture +Lighting, but its façade would also be a perfect fit for the details categories. Perforated panels of raw, weathered metal wrap the building like autumnal armor, transforming this industrial facility from a utilitarian structure into a sculptural artwork by night.

“细节见真知”:8个让密斯刮目相看的建筑时刻第9张图片


8. 建筑+楼梯

东京1.8米宽住宅/YUUA建筑事务所/日本,丰岛

这间位于日本的迷你住宅拥有许多巧妙的节省空间的细节,其中楼梯的设计尤为引人注目。楼梯几乎没有扶手可供支撑,踏板薄得令人难以置信,仿佛是漂浮在空中一样,目的是最大限度地让光线穿透狭小的空间。YUUA建筑事务所似乎觉得这还不够具有挑战性,还为这间房子设计了一个直达天台的流线型梯子,设计非常巧妙,不得不让人惊叹于设计师对于细节的极致追求。

8. Architecture +Stairs
1.8-M Width House by YUUA Architects and Associates, Toshima, Japan
This incredible slim residence in Japan possesses many ingenious space-saving details, and among these, the stairs are particularly striking. Impossibly thin treads appear to float supported by barely there handrails that allow the maximum amount of light to filter through the compact space. As if that wasn’t minimal enough, YUUA also included a streamlined ladder for secondary access.

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