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为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第1张图片

The Alchemist / Reid Architects. Manufactured by elZinc. Image Cortesía de elZinc

Why It’s Convenient To Wrap Architecture In Zinc

由专筑网王雪纯,蒋晖编译

锌,一种卓越的轻质材料,一种有色金属,可为暴露在恶劣天气条件下的建筑物提供有效的屏障,同时可根据项目和客户的要求设计出创造性的外观。

当与湿气接触时,锌板能产生自我保护层,在夏季时能隔离热量,而雨雪天气时,由于其表面光滑,雨水和雪都会快速滑落。其模块化的面板则可以包裹着弯曲的形状或根据建筑设计而穿孔,并通过不同的色调,亮度和颜色组合在外墙和/或天花板中。

A lightweight material par excellence, Zinc is a non-ferrous metal that provides an effective solution for coating buildings exposed to adverse weather condition while simultaneously delivering a creative response to the requirements of the program and the users of the project.
When in contact with humidity, Zinc panels generate a self-protecting layer that isolates heat from indoor spaces during the summer. Rain and snow, slide easily over its surfaces, and its modular panels can wrap curved shapes or be perforated according to the architectural design, and combined in facades and/or ceilings through different shades, brightness, and colors.

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Cortesía de elZinc

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第3张图片

Cortesía de elZinc


与其他金属相比,锌更容易精炼

锌,是地球上仅次于23种其他化学元素的最丰富的金属之一,几个世纪以来一直被人加工利用。它的提取相对来说比较容易(可避免条带开采,防止地球环境恶化),而锌的精炼(分为冶炼和加工过程)所需的能量比其他金属更少,比如铝(少75%),铜或钢(少50%)。

Compared to other metals, its refinement requires less energy
Used for centuries, Zinc is one of the most abundant metals on Earth, surpassed only by 23 other chemical elements. For this reason, its extraction is relatively easy (avoiding strip mining, and the deterioration of the earth) and its refinement (smelting and processing) requires less energy than other metals such as aluminum (75% less), copper or steel (50% less).

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第4张图片

悬崖上的住宅|The House on the Cliff / GilBartolome Architects. Manufactured by elZinc. Image © Jesús Granada

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第5张图片

悬崖上的住宅|The House on the Cliff / GilBartolome Architects. Manufactured by elZinc. Image © Jesús Granada


锌会对环境做出反应,并随着时间的推移产生保护层

锌是一种会对环境做出反应并随时间变化的材料。它会在与水、盐接触时自然产生铜绿,而这样的效果除了其质朴的外观外,还具有自我保护作用,具有抗腐蚀性。

在由GilBartolome Architects设计的“悬崖上的住宅”项目中,屋顶的原材料来自手工制造的锌砖。屋顶直接暴露在海洋的湿气中,随着时间推移,屋顶上的锌砖会随之改变它们的色调。

Zinc responds to the environment and protects itself over time
Due to its composition, Zinc is a material that responds to its environment and changes over time. Its outer patina arises naturally when it comes into contact with the water and salt, and in addition to giving it a rustic appearance, it has a self-protective effect that isolates it and allows it to resist corrosion.
In the project 'The House on the Cliff', designed by GilBartolome Architects, the roof of the house is made up of Zinc tiles manufactured by hand from the raw material. Being directly exposed to the humidity of the ocean, its pieces naturally change their tones.

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第6张图片

美国Legacy ER Allen医院|Legacy ER Allen / 5G Studio Collaborative. Manufactured by MetalTech-USA. Image © Michael Moran/OTTO

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第7张图片

美国Legacy ER Allen医院|Legacy ER Allen / 5G Studio Collaborative. Manufactured by MetalTech-USA. Image © Michael Moran/OTTO

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第8张图片

锌版图解|Zinc Panels Diagram. Legacy ER Allen / 5G Studio Collaborative


锌板可以塑造成复杂的形状,并能经受精确打孔

锌制部件十分灵活,可以塑造成曲折和复杂的几何形状,并可根据不同建筑设计进行穿孔和定制。CNC的机器提供的穿孔功能可精确到毫米。此外,锌材出色的延展性允许其逐渐弯曲而无需工具或机械辅助。

在由5G Studio Collaborative建筑设计事务所的“Legacy ER Allen”项目中,金属屋顶经过精心设计,可在建筑物的特定位置作为屋檐使用。穿孔板可控制采光,提高了室内空间的舒适度。

Zinc panels can adapt to complex shapes and be precisely perforated
Its pieces are flexible enough to adapt to curves and complex geometric shapes, as well as being perforable and customizable according to each architectural design. The perforations are made by CNC machines, delivering exact and millimeter results. In addition, Zinc is known for its malleability, allowing its gradual bending without the need for tools or extra machinery.
In the 'Legacy ER Allen' project, by the architects of 5G Studio Collaborative, the metal roof is carefully designed to work as eaves at specific points in the building. Its perforated panels control the passage of the sun and improve the comfort of its interior spaces.

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第9张图片

Metal Cladding - Strata. Image Cortesía de MetalTech-USA

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第10张图片

Metal Cladding - Strata. Image Cortesía de MetalTech-USA


条纹板可增加刚性,避免材料的变形

除了传统的波形板屋顶外,还有浅条纹的模块化材料,为整个立面提供更大的刚性,并形成允许规格更长更薄的面板(从而降低项目的成本)。

材料产生的刚性则可以防止材料变形,人们也称它为称为凹陷铸板,是典型的扁平金属板。它的条纹会根据不同视角产生不同的效果,并随着时间的推移和气候条件的变化而改变。

Striated panels increase rigidity and avoid deformations in the material
In addition to the popular corrugated sheets traditionally used in roofing, there are modular options with shallow striations which provide greater rigidity to the total facade and allow specification of longer and thinner panels (which, consequently, reduce the general costs of the project).
This rigidity prevents the appearance of deformations in the material, better known as Oil-Canning, which is typical of flat metal sheets. Its slight striations generate different characteristics according to the angle of vision, changing with the passing of the hours and the climatic condition.

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The Alchemist / Reid Architects. Manufactured by elZinc. Image Cortesía de elZinc

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第12张图片

The Alchemist / Reid Architects. Manufactured by elZinc. Image Cortesía de elZinc

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The Alchemist / Reid Architects. Manufactured by elZinc. Image Cortesía de elZinc

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第14张图片

The Alchemist / Reid Architects. Manufactured by elZinc. Image Cortesía de elZinc


模块化面板允许生产不同尺寸,可避免材料浪费

在建筑结构的设计完成后,如果需要进行立面的设计,那么模块化的面板可以帮助建筑师准确地覆盖整个立面,避免不必要的浪费。所选面板的尺寸也可以是外墙或屋顶设计的起点。可以混合不同尺寸的面板以实现独特的效果。

在由Reid Architects设计的“The Alchemist”项目中,位于英国媒体城(Media City UK)著名的Lowry中心对面的标志性酒吧和餐厅的屋顶和立面连接在一起,覆盖着整个建筑。这个金色的表皮由近2000平方米的彩虹金钛锌板组成。

Different dimensions of its modular panels allow waste to be avoided
If the envelope is defined once the design of the building structure is finished, the available modular panels can help us cover their dimensions exactly, avoiding unnecessary waste and poor quality terminations. It is also possible that the dimensions of the chosen panels are the starting point for the design of the facades or roofs. Panels of different dimensions can be mixed to achieve special effects.
In the project 'The Alchemist', designed by Reid Architects, the roof and the facade join in a single element that covers and protects an iconic bar and restaurant located opposite the famous Lowry Center, in Media City, Salford, UK. This golden mantle consists of almost 2000m2 of ElZinc Rainbow Gold panels.

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第15张图片

蒙特利尔足球场|Stade De Soccer de Montréal / Saucier + Perrotte architectes + Hughes Condon Marler Architects. Manufactured by elZinc. Image © Olivier Blouin

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第16张图片

蒙特利尔足球场|Stade De Soccer de Montréal / Saucier + Perrotte architectes + Hughes Condon Marler Architects. Manufactured by elZinc. Image © Olivier Blouin

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蒙特利尔足球场|Stade De Soccer de Montréal / Saucier + Perrotte architectes + Hughes Condon Marler Architects. Image © Olivier Blouin


锌在天花板和外墙上的使用年限长达100年,并且可以回收再利用

虽然这个数字可能会根据每个项目的具体情况而有所不同,但锌在屋顶和外墙中的使用寿命通常会超过100年,如果是在室内使用甚至会更长。所有由锌制成的元件都可以在保持其成分和特定品质的前提下无限制地回收再利用。

在由Saucier + Perrotte architectes和Hughes Condon Marler Architects设计的“蒙特利尔足球场”项目中,信封成为建筑物的整体形象,通过回忆场地的地质特征将其融入周围环境中。金属构件沿着建筑物折叠并延伸到足球场,构成建筑所需的空间并为观众提供座位。

所有这些项目都是使用钛锌材料开发的,并且可以由MetalTech-USA制造,这是美国品牌的授权代表。

Zinc can last up to 100 years on ceilings and facades and can be recycled
Although this number may vary according to the specific conditions of each project, Zinc usually lasts more than 100 years in roofs and facades, and even more in interior applications. All elements made of zinc can be recycled unlimitedly and in its entirety while maintaining its composition and its specific qualities.
In the project 'Stade De Soccer de Montréal', designed by Saucier + Perrotte architectes + Hughes Condon Marler Architects, the envelope becomes the total image of the building, incorporating itself into its surroundings by recalling the geological nature of the site. The metal mantle folds over the length of the building and extends to the football field, framing it and delivering seating for its spectators.
All these projects were developed using elZinc material, and can be manufactured by MetalTech-USA, authorized representatives of the brand in the United States.

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第18张图片

通辽艺术中心|Tongliao Arts Center / Sr. Li xin gang. Manufactured by elZinc. Image Cortesía de elZinc

为什么用锌材包裹结构很方便第19张图片

肯塔基大学学习中心|University of Kentucky Student Center / Perkins + Will. Manufactured by elZinc. Image Cortesía de elZinc


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