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巨型海胆仿生体系:BUGA木质展馆第1张图片


BUGA Wood Pavilion / ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart

由专筑网李韧,王雪纯编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:BUGA木质展馆表达了数字化木材施工的新策略。以生物原则为基础的组装式木质壳体,模仿了海胆的骨架,斯图加特大学的计算机设计与施工研究所(ICD)和建筑结构与结构设计研究所(ITKE)在该领域进行了近十年的研究。

Text description provided by the architects. The BUGA Wood Pavilion celebrates a new approach to digital timber construction. Its segmented wood shell is based on biological principles found in the plate skeleton of sea urchins, which have been studied by the Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD) and the Institute for Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) at the University of Stuttgart for almost a decade.

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研究者们开发了机器制造平台,作为这个项目的一部分,该制造平台主要用于自动制作并组装该展馆所需要的材料,一共使用了376块定制木块。这一制造过程使得所有的木块都能够精确地组装在一起。木结构屋面跨度为30米,下方是主要活动场地,该项目的材料应用十分精准,但是也构成了独特的建筑空间。

As part of the project, a robotic manufacturing platform was developed for the automated assembly and milling of the pavilion’s 376 bespoke hollow wood segments. This fabrication process ensures that all segments fit together with sub-millimetre precision like a big, three-dimensional puzzle. The stunning wooden roof spans 30 meters over one of BUGA’s main event and concert venues, using a minimum amount of material while also generating a unique architectural space.

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木质展馆以仿生学为基础,无论是建筑外壳还是内部空间,研究者通过“少量的材料”来完成“丰富的形式”。这样能够大幅度地减少材料的消耗与构件的自重,每个木块由两片薄木板构成,其顶部与底部都有一圈边梁,构成大规模空心体量。

The pavilion builds on the biomimetic principle of using “less material” by having “more form”, both on the level of the overall shell and its individual segments. In order to minimize material consumption and weight, each wood segment is built up from two thin plates that plank a ring of edge-beams on top and bottom, forming large scale hollow wooden cases with polygonal forms.

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底部面板有着大型开口,这是建筑的主要特征,同时也隐藏着建筑的各个连接构件。轻质建筑元素通过各个连接体所连接,而这些连接体也符合海胆面板边缘的解剖学原理。组装之后,外部壳体极富表现力,其双曲型结构体系给人带来动态的视觉效果。

The bottom plate includes a large opening, which constitutes a distinctive architectural feature and provides access to the hidden connections during assembly.  The lightweight building elements are connected by finger joints, which follow the morphological principles of anatomic features found on the edge of sea urchins’ plates. In the assembled state, the shell works as a form-active structure through its expressive doubly-curved geometry.

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建筑设计:ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
地点:德国
类别:展馆
项目合作方:ICD: Prof. Achim Menges, Martin Alvarez, Monika Göbel, Abel Groenewolt, Oliver David Krieg, Ondrej Kyjanek, Hans Jakob Wagner ITKE: Prof. Jan Knippers, Lotte Aldinger, Simon Bechert, Daniel Sonntag
面积:500.0 m2
项目时间:2019年
摄影:ICD-ITKE, Roland Halbe, BUGA
技术施工:Dr. Stefan Brendler und Dipl.-Ing. Willy Weidner
联邦公园展览(Heilbronn 2019 GmbH):Hanspeter Faas, Oliver Toellner
防水工程:Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hugo Rieger
MPA: Dr. Simon Aicher
项目支持:State of Baden-Wuerttemberg, University of Stuttgart EFRE European Union

Architects: ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart
Location: Bundesgartenschau Heilbronn GmbH 2019, Theodor-Fischer-Straße 36, 74076 Heilbronn, Germany
Category: Pavillion
Project Partners: ICD: Prof. Achim Menges, Martin Alvarez, Monika Göbel, Abel Groenewolt, Oliver David Krieg, Ondrej Kyjanek, Hans Jakob Wagner ITKE: Prof. Jan Knippers, Lotte Aldinger, Simon Bechert, Daniel Sonntag
Area: 500.0 m2
Project Year: 2019
Photographs: ICD-ITKE, Roland Halbe, BUGA
State Office for Construction Technology: Dr. Stefan Brendler und Dipl.-Ing. Willy Weidner
Federal Garden Show Heilbronn 2019 GmbH: Hanspeter Faas, Oliver Toellner
Proof Engineer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hugo Rieger
MPA Stuttgart: Dr. Simon Aicher
Project Support: State of Baden-Wuerttemberg, University of Stuttgart EFRE European Union

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