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景观让人感受买买买的乐趣第1张图片


代芬特尔市市中心街区景观规划设计
City Centre, Deventer

由专筑网pilewyj,李韧编译

荷兰代芬特尔市政府委托B+B事务所为其市中心街区构思一个适应场地特色的规划方案。该规划方案将从城市设计概念意向到局部场地细节的详细描述等各个方面进行阐述。该设计方案将考虑生活、工作、文化、食品服务和旅游等方面,强调古老城市的竞争地位,同时激发市中心地区独有的景观价值。这意味着设计师不仅要改善市中心购物区的乏味空间体验感,还要重新整理街区的组成元素。经过分析,该市的滨水空间有着极大的开发潜力。在全新的规划方案中,市中心和滨水空间之间的连接将得到加强,从而改善了中心购物街区的体验感。为了强化城市特色,并凸显城市肌理,B+B事务所整合了位于市中心重要位置、但是较为分散的老教堂区,为教堂建筑规划了更加宽敞的空间,以突出其重要地位。这一空间将配备人行道、照明系统、街头小品设施、绿植和广告位,它们都能起到连接作用。

Bureau B+B was invited to create an integral vision for the city centre for the Municipality of Deventer. The plan covered all aspects ranging from the urban design vision to an elaboration at the detail level. The vision’s task consisted of strengthening the competitive position of the former Hansa city in respect to living, work, culture, food services and tourism, while using the visual quality that is unique to Deventer. This meant not only brightening the city centre’s tired shopping district, but clarifying its important structural elements as well. The city’s waterside location was, according to the firm, a key aspect. Connections between the city centre and the waterfront were restored, resulting in improved routing for the central shopping artery. To strengthen the orientation and the characteristic urban structure, B+B unified the fragmented old church district in the middle of the city centre by giving it a large space with to highlight its unique character. This space, with its special pavement, lighting, street furniture, greenery and advertising policy, is the connecting factor.

景观让人感受买买买的乐趣第2张图片


设计理念的出发点是强调市中心的四个不同身份,分别是中世纪文化历史街区、十九世纪文化历史街区、河道绿廊和Ijsselkade港口街区。每个街区都有其独特的吸引点。在商业街区,店面用带有历史感的建筑立面,让公共空间拥有历史氛围。从地面到屋顶都将以古建筑的风格形式进行打造,充分考虑到街道的空间感,而这也决定了店面橱窗以及门面设计的风格,以及广告和标志牌的摆放位置,路灯与路牌的陈列地点。

The design starting point was strengthening the city centre’s four different identities: the medieval city, the nineteenth-century city, the Singel promenade and the IJsselkade quay. Each area has its own special concept. In the shopping district, the attractive historic façades form the basis for the public-space concept. A head-to-toe approach to the façades, taking full account of the street, determines the approach to the design of shop fronts, the placement of advertisement and signs, public/special lighting and displays.

景观让人感受买买买的乐趣第3张图片


B+B事务所优先考虑了每座独栋建筑的质量,用特殊的道路铺装方式强调了这些建筑的独特之处,它们是代芬特尔市几个世纪以来街道立面的特色,同时也是这里的基本元素,只是这些元素近年来逐步减少。重新规划的道路材质可以根据每位店主对石料的选择进行铺装,这样也能突出街道和建筑两个不同空间层面之间的差异,甚至使街道成为额外的展示空间。

B+B gives the highest priority to the quality of each individual building, underscoring this by means of the unique paving which was for centuries an essential element in the appearance of Deventer’s streets, but now almost entirely gone. The ‘made-to-measure’ paving that is added – where each shopkeeper can choose from different types and shapes of natural stone – underscores the difference between the street and building levels, and even serves as extra display space.

景观让人感受买买买的乐趣第4张图片


街道的设计以新颖别致和保留遗迹的融合而与众不同,街道由碎砖石铺设而成,用软木条装饰勾边,并配以排水功能。其中所应用的材料也专门为该项目而开发,使得地面具有细微而自然的颜色与硬度差异,因此街道表面虽然具有现代感,但是仍然在这样的历史背景下不会让人产生格格不入的感受。这座城市的名字用传统方式拓在排水沟盖上,这也反映了城市的钢铁工业和印刷艺术的历史底蕴,毕竟两者都是这座城市的文化瑰宝。

城市中心的整修工作取得了积极的成果,商业街道店家们积极改善店铺和招牌的外观。这一新概念在商业上也取得了成功,越来越多的商家来到这条街开店,从而形成了繁荣的商店发展趋势。

The street design can be characterized as chic and reserved: a carpet of clinkers, set off with Corten steel strips for drainage. The clinkers used are a mix specially developed for Deventer, featuring subtle differences in color and hardness, such that the modern, dimensionally consistent ones also seem authentic in this context. The city’s name is perforated in the drain covers in a traditional typeface, a reference to both the steel industry and the art of printing, both directly associated with the city.
The renovation had a positive effect: shopkeepers were motivated to improve the appearance of their shops and signs. The new concept was also a commercial success, starting entrepreneurs set up business in streets that had previously been less popular, resulting in a diverse range of shops and food services.


项目信息:

项目位置:荷兰,代芬特尔
项目时间:2003年
项目委托方:代芬特尔市政厅

Location: Deventer, Nederland
Constructed: 2003
Client: Municipality of Deventer

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