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Tiny Home / Maddison Architects

由专筑网苏一,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。迷你住宅项目的委托方是RACV,这是一个展示空间,同时也是可持续紧凑住宅的代表。RACV组织认为,社会对于机动车的需求正在减少,并且因此将其业务的一部分转向住宅方面。迷你住宅的流线、功能、材质都公开表达。建筑融合了当代可持续特征,体现高度设计原则,并散发一种愉悦感,因此可以吸引大众群体。

Text description provided by the architects. Tiny Home was commissioned by RACV as an exhibition piece with the agenda to be an exemplar of sustainable compact living. RACV as an organisation acknowledges that society is moving away from the motor vehicle and is therefore steering part of its business to the home arena. The configuration of Tiny Home, its transport, materiality and content was open for us to freely interpret. The brief was to incorporate as many sustainable features as we saw appropriate, embody high design principles and exude a sense of joy so as to engage the general public.

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建筑师将山墙屋顶作为住宅的标志,同时探索其营造出的内部体积。建筑就如同一个包裹,它可以从卡车上滑到地面,并打开。液压油缸抬升到网格状的黄色面板上,形成了遮阳板、翼墙和露台,这一切就像是折叠在一起的纸盒慢慢地舒展开。迷你住宅能离网运行,或者连接到设施。节能设施能够有效地收集地下水、污水、饮用水以及太阳能。建筑结构体系之间有着高度的连接特征,使用者能够通过自动系统的语音功能来控制Google Home。

We sought to investigate the simple gable roof form as a iconic indicator of home, whilst exploring the volume this creates internally. The object was conceived as a package that could literally be slid off a truck onto flat ground and 'open up'. Hydraulic rams lift gridded yellow panels creating sunshades, wing walls and decking - much like a cardboard box would unfold. Tiny Home can operate totally off grid or connect into services. Sewerage, grey water and drinking water are collected as is solar power. A high level of connectivity has been embedded into the fabric of the building to allow for voice activated Google Home to run the automated systems.

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该系统包含有WIFI、安全、配有可隐藏电视的家庭娱乐、灯光、声音系统以及窗帘操作等功能。建筑的结构含有超高的技术系统,因此可以使得该建筑的能源效率比标准住宅高出60%。该项目由BEAC能源顾问进行评估,为了达到标准,建筑师是应用了很多其他系统,例如有应用了相变材料的七个层次的墙体和屋顶体系,其中的材料有椰子和大豆油,这种墙壁特征相当于100mm厚的混凝土墙。迷你住宅建造于带有钢门框架的PFC筏板,当在运行时,其完整结构体系能够抵抗100km/h的强风。

These include WIFI, security, home entertainment with concealed motorised TV, lighting, sound system and curtain operation. The construction of the building has high aspiring techniques that deliver a building 60% more energy efficient than a standard 6-Star Section J Rated home. (As rated by BEAC energy consultants) To achieve this rating we employed amongst other things, a seven layered wall and roof system that included 'phase change' (satchels of coconut and soy bean oil) which produces a wall characteristic equal to 100mm thick concrete slab. The Tiny Home is built on a PFC raft with a steel portal frame, giving the required structural integrity to withstand a 100km/h headwinds whilst trucking around the state of Victoria.

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诸如排水沟、太阳能电池板、水潭等外部设施都和建筑很好地融合在一起。建筑的外部覆盖着能够遮风挡雨的覆层,这种材料适合于某些BAL应用,属于有焦灼外表的一级木材。建筑的室内空间采用径向锯开的Vic硬木,窗外种植着植物。建筑师与平面设计师Clare Kelder合作,将澳大利亚羊毛和毛毡用来制作一些柔软制品。紧凑的居住空间包含了折叠桌、微型浴室,还有可以用作孩子玩耍和内置座位的货物网,这让建筑看起来很像来自70年代的铝制大篷车。

Externally all extraneous objects such as gutters, solar panels, water tanks, etc, are embedded to present a well resolved sleek object. The finely spaced external spotted gum cladding is intended as a rain and sun screen. It would suit certain BAL applications, being Category 1 wood with a charred finish. Acknowledging the principles of biophilic design the interior is lined with radial sawn Vic hardwood, planting is included in window reveals. A collaboration with Clare Kelder (Graphic Designer) resulted in Australian wool and felt being used for purpose designed soft furnishings. Compact living is celebrated with fold out tables, micro bathroom, playful cargo net as a kids escape and built in seating much like you would expect in an aluminium Viscount caravan from the 70's.

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建筑设计:Maddison Architects
地点:澳大利亚
类别:住宅
主创建筑师:Peter Maddison
设计团队:Jesse Newstadt
面积:19.0 ㎡
项目时间:2018年
制造商:Lysaght, Eco Timber
客户:RACV
工程设计:WGA
施工方:Simple Motion

Architects: Maddison Architects
Location: Victoria, Australia
Category: Residential
Lead Architect: Peter Maddison
Design Team: Jesse Newstadt
Area: 19.0 ㎡
Project Year: 2018
Manufacturers: Lysaght, Eco Timber
Clients: RACV
Engineering: WGA
Builder: Simple Motion

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