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生长在大地上的长方形盒子,装着满满的艺术珍品第1张图片
Photograph by M Hedelin

在前法国军事营地沟壑内设计的下沉式 Rivesaltes纪念馆
Rudy Ricciotti sinks Rivesaltes Memorial Museum in furrow at former French military camp

由专筑网朱王倩,韩平编译

这个博物馆位于Perpignan附近的一个前法国军事和拘留营地,整个建筑是一个240米长的混凝土砌块,在其屋顶有很多巨大的开口。

Rivesaltes纪念博物馆由建筑师Rudy Ricciotti设计,并于2015年完成。它是2017年密斯奖的五个入围作品之一。

This museum on the site of a former French military and internment camp near Perpignan comprises a 240-metre-long concrete block with large openings puncturing its gently inclined roof.
The Rivesaltes Memorial Museum was designed by architect Rudy Ricciotti and completed in 2015. It is among the five finalists for the 2017 Mies van der Rohe Award 2017.

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该建筑面向前部的F型体块,基地周围遍布废弃的建筑物,这里在第二次世界大战期间用于关押吉普赛人,犹太人和加泰罗尼亚难民的场所。
   
建筑师将其描述为“沉默和沉重”,整体混凝土结构部分淹没在赭土中。

The building faces the former F-block, on a site surrounded by derelict buildings that were used to intern gypsies, Jews and Catalan refugees during the second world war.
Described by the architect as "silent and ponderous", the monolithic concrete structure is partly submerged in the ochre earth.
   
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建筑物在沟槽的边缘向上升高,与旧营房的屋顶高度相等。
   
Ricciotti说:“Rivesaltes的纪念碑,压缩在大地和天空之间,在过去和记忆之间,正好位于现在和生活之间。”在这个沙漠环境中,退后几十米远后,你将看不见它,它隐匿在土地旨在,仿若不再存在。

The building rises above the edges of the furrow in which it is positioned to a height equivalent to that of the roofs of the old barracks.
"The Memorial of Rivesaltes, compressed between earth and sky, between past and memory, is located exactly in the present and the life itself," said Ricciotti. "In this desert environment, a few dozen metres away, it no longer exists."
   
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游客从西南角进入该地,可以看到博物馆的屋顶延伸到远处,好像它是现有景观的一部分。

部分埋在地下的斜坡出现在封闭的入口庭院中,视线沿着壮观的结构的轴线展开。

Visitors enter the site at the southwest corner, where the roof of the museum can be seen stretching away into the distance, as if it is part of the existing landscape.
A ramp that is partially buried in the ground emerges into an enclosed entrance courtyard with a view along the length of the imposing structure.
   
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现场浇筑的混凝土砌块砖使用了当地独有的施工技术,实现了建筑外表的平滑。

The solid concrete volume was cast in place using a technique that achieves smooth surfaces without any evidence of the formwork holes resulting from typical construction methods.
   
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建筑外部没有窗户,因此所有室内或楼上均面向开放的三个庭院开窗,院子铺设着人字形图案的红砖。学习实验室,社交空间和办公室都布置在这些日光充足的庭院周围。

The building has no external windows, so all aspects are inwards or up towards the sky from a series of three patios paved in herringbone patterned red brick. Learning labs, social spaces and offices are arranged around these day-lit patios.
   
生长在大地上的长方形盒子,装着满满的艺术珍品第7张图片
Photograph by M Hedelin

位于入口附近的礼堂有阶梯式木制座椅,与舞台区域的地板融为一体。

An auditorium positioned close to the entrance features stepped timber seating that merges with the flooring of the stage area.
     
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长长的走廊通沿着建筑的一侧延伸向灯光昏暗的主要展厅,在这里电影投射到巨大的墙面上。长条的背光显示器位于房间中央的支柱间。

A long corridor that extends along one side of the building leads towards the dimly lit main exhibition hall, where films are projected onto the large walls. A long back-lit display is positioned between pillars at the centre of the room.

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Ricciotti与意大利建筑师Mario Bellini在巴黎卢浮宫博物馆的新伊斯兰艺术画廊合作过,这些艺术画廊位于金色的波浪屋顶下方,并通向现有的庭院。

Ricciotti previously collaborated with Italian architect Mario Bellini on the new Islamic art galleries at the Musée du Louvre in Paris, which are contained beneath a wavy golden roof slotted into an existing courtyard.
     
生长在大地上的长方形盒子,装着满满的艺术珍品第10张图片
Photograph by M Hedelin

密斯奖入围的其他项目包括在丹麦12世纪修道院的遗迹上建造的大型粘土瓦屋顶。
   
除非另有说明,摄影为Kevin Dolmaire。

Other projects shortlisted for the Mies van der Rohe Award include a building with a large clay-tiled roof constructed over the remnants of a 12th-century monastery in Denmark.
Photography is by Kevin Dolmaire unless otherwise stated.
     
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出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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