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每个建筑学生应该参与的7大年度竞赛
7 Annual Competitions Every Architecture Student Should Try at Least Once

由专筑网李韧,杨帆编译

当就读于建筑学院的你渐渐习惯于每天学习的苦差事时,偶尔的放松会给你带来一阵舒爽的感受,但如果休息多了,人总是会变得过于慵懒,也许在最初的几天你会沉浸于以往失去的睡眠之中,甚至开始追剧或暴饮暴食,可是不久之后你便会开始觉得这种无所事事的日子仿佛在吞噬着你的生命。

这时候你可以尝试着参加建筑竞赛,那些充满建设性的设计大纲也许会深深地吸引你,将你从无所事事地刷新YouTube上的各种视频中解脱出来。而且,你不再受制于老师的指导或学校的课程,你可以大胆地进行自己创造性的设计。在各种国际竞赛开始征集作品的特定时间里,你可以根据自己的时间和兴趣来选择合适的竞赛项目,然而,现有竞争对手数量之多也令人深感困惑。在这里我们列出7项久负盛名的面向学生开放的年度设计竞赛:

When you’re used to the grind of architecture school, breaks can hit you like rain on a warm day—cool at first, but terribly annoying soon enough. While the first few days breeze past as you catch-up on lost sleep and binge-watch Game of Thrones, you realize before long that you’re going insane with nothing to absorb all your new-found energy.
This is where architectural competitions come in handy. They provide a constructive outlet while being deeply engrossing, thus keeping you from hopelessly refreshing Youtube to see if Buzzfeed uploaded a new video. Also, the fact that you’re no longer constrained by the direction of your studio-leader or school program enables you to experiment creatively. With diverse international competitions running at any given time, you can take your pick, depending on your individual interests and the amount of time you want to devote. However, the sheer number of available competitions can be deeply confusing as well. Here we shortlist seven of the most prestigious annual architectural competitions open to students:


1、120小时:快速设计

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2017年获胜者:IN’N’OUT VILLAGE / Agnieszka Kołacińska and Jakub Andrzejewski|2017 Winner: IN’N’OUT VILLAGE / Agnieszka Kołacińska and Jakub Andrzejewski. Image Courtesy of 120 Hours

一般举办时间:2月底

这种以学生为主要对象的国际竞赛采用了一种独特的形式,参赛者需要完成一项与社会相关的复杂任务,但只有120小时的完成时间。该竞赛由奥斯陆建筑与设计学院的学生独立举办,为非营利性质,不收取任何参赛费用。在今年有来自79个国家的3024个参赛者参加了竞赛,并且通过以建筑师Jan Olav Jensen为首的评审团的评比,选择出获奖者。

1. 120 Hours: Designing with a Short Deadline
Usually runs: Late February.
This student-driven international competition uses a unique format where participants receive a mere 120 hours from the release of the brief to the project submission deadline in order to solve a complex and socially relevant assignment. Organized independently by students from the Oslo School of Architecture and Design, 120 Hours works on a non-profit basis—it charges no participation fee—and is based around topical subjects. This year, the competition included 3024 participants from 79 countries, while winners were selected by a jury headed by architect-academic Jan Olav Jensen.


2、童话故事:建筑故事竞赛

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2017年获胜者:Last Day / Mykhailo Ponomarenko|2017 Winner: Last Day / Mykhailo Ponomarenko. Image Courtesy of Blank Space

一般举办时间:9月——12月

该竞赛由纽约在线平台Blank Space组织,邀请建筑师、设计师、作家、艺术家、工程师、画家、学生和其他创意设计者提交属于他们自己的独特建筑童话。每个参赛作品需通过五张图片,以最直观的方式来进行故事叙述。

2. Fairy Tales: Architectural Storytelling Competition
Usually runs: September – December.
Organized by New York-based online platform Blank Space, Fairy Tales invites architects, designers, writers, artists, engineers, illustrators, students and other creatives to submit their own unique architectural fairy tales. A successful entry crafts a text narrative through five images in the most spectacular way possible.


3、eVolo:摩天大楼设计竞赛

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2017年获胜者:Mashambas Skyscraper / Pawel Lipiński, Mateusz Frankowski|2017 Winner: Mashambas Skyscraper / Pawel Lipiński, Mateusz Frankowski. Image Courtesy of eVolo

一般举办时间:7月——2月

eVolo摩天大楼设计竞赛始于2006年,是世界上最负盛名的高层建筑设计奖项。它通常包含以下几个问题:21 世纪的摩天大楼是什么?这些巨型建筑的历史、文脉、社会、城市和环境责任是什么?eVolo表彰杰出的思维模式,推荐运用新技术、材料、策略、美学等各方面元素或空间组织。该竞赛面向世界各地的建筑师、学生、工程师和设计师开放。

3. eVolo: Skyscraper Competition
Usually runs: July – February.
Established in 2006 by architecture and design journal eVolo, the annual Skyscraper Competition is one of the world’s most prestigious awards for high-rise architecture. It asks the following questions: What is a skyscraper in the twenty-first century? What are the historical, contextual, social, urban, and environmental responsibilities of these mega-structures? eVolo recognizes outstanding ideas that redefine skyscraper design through the implementation of novel technologies, materials, programs, aesthetics, or spatial organizations. Architects, students, engineers, and designers from anywhere in the world are eligible to participate.


4、零建筑:零能耗建筑设计竞赛

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2016年获胜者:Energized Canopy / Romain Dechavanne|2016 Winner: Energized Canopy / Romain Dechavanne. Image Courtesy of Architecture at Zero

一般举办时间:5月——1月

今年是该项目的第七届竞赛,该竞赛以零能耗为出发点,由加利福尼亚公共事业委员会(CPUC)于2008年组织。该竞赛的参赛者所面临的挑战是创建节能设计作品,而最后的审查包括对设计的技术图纸进行审核。该竞赛面向全球各地的学生、建筑师、景观设计师、城市规划师、工程师和设计师开放,学生可免费注册。今年,总额达25000美元的奖金将用于奖励学生和专业获奖者。

4. Architecture at Zero: Zero-Net-Energy Design Competition
Usually runs: May – January.
This competition, now in its seventh year, was conceived as a response to the zero net energy targets set out by the California Public Utility Commission (CPUC) in its 2008 report. The challenge is to create energy-efficient design while the final review includes an evaluation of the design’s technical components. Architecture at Zero is open to students, architects, landscape architects, urban planners, engineers, and designers anywhere in the world, and student registration is free. This year, up to $25,000 in total prize money will be awarded to student and professional winners.


5、城市密度竞赛:非正式住宅区的重建工程

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2017年获胜者:Palestine: The Right to Water / Majed Abdulsamad, Jun Seong Ahn, Maria Isabel Carrasco, Haochen Yang|2017 Winner: Palestine: The Right to Water / Majed Abdulsamad, Jun Seong Ahn, Maria Isabel Carrasco, Haochen Yang. Image Courtesy of Shelter Global

一般举办时间:1月——4月

该竞赛由跨学科的非营利组织“Shelter Global”所主办,该竞赛的目的是为了更好地解决城市过快的增长密度,并且要求参赛者提出新的设计概念。参赛者需要思考如何加强社区的自我生长的能力,从而拥有自给自足的未来。竞赛对参赛者没有过多的限制,以便让他们能够有更多自由思考的机会。竞赛面向建筑师、学生、工程师、设计师、思想家以及各种组织机构开放,并不需要专业资格。

5. The Dencity Competition: Redevelopment of Informal Settlements
Usually runs: January – April.
Organized by the interdisciplinary not-for-profit organization Shelter Global, the intent of this competition is to foster new conceptual ideas about how to better handle the growing density of unplanned cities. Contestants are asked to consider how design can empower communities and allow for a self-sufficient future. The competition limits constraints on participants in order to give them the freedom to think in the most creative ways possible: there are no restrictions in regards to site, program, or size. Architects, students, engineers, designers, thinkers, NGOs and organizations are all invited to participate with no requirement for professional qualifications.


6、设计可以做什么:应对当前的世界问题

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2016年获胜者:Agrishelter / Narges Mofarahian|2016 Winner: Agrishelter / Narges Mofarahian. Image Courtesy of What Design Can Do

一般举办时间:5月——9月

宜家与Autodesk公司合作,这个来自阿姆斯特丹的设计竞赛“设计能做什么(WDCD)”始于2011年,向人们展示各种各样的设计作品,参赛者需要就人们目前所面临的社会问题给出解决方法。2016年该竞赛就要求参赛者设想应该如何快速地处理难民危机。近两年,WDCD的竞赛主题都与气候变化有关。该竞赛面向学生、创意专业人士,以及各个富有想象力的人群开放。有趣的是,比赛还将根据参赛者的设计方法、感兴趣的主题和项目地点来制作相应的简报。国际评审团通过合理的筛选和评估选出获奖者,获奖者共享价值900000欧元的奖金,其中包括一个项目的生产预算。

6. What Design Can Do: Responding to Current World Problems
Usually runs: May – September.
Working in partnership with IKEA and Autodesk, Amsterdam-based What Design Can Do (WDCD) was initiated in 2011 as a platform to showcase design as a catalyst of change—a way of addressing the societal questions of our time—and not just something that makes things pretty. While the competition’s 2016 brief dealt with the refugee crisis, WDCD has chosen to focus its attention on climate change for the next two years as it invites students, creative professionals, and imaginative start-ups from all countries and disciplines to participate. Interestingly, the competition also allows participants to create customized briefs, depending on their design approach, subject of interest, and project location. The winners, selected and evaluated by an international jury, share an award package worth €900,000 which includes a project production budget.


7、伯克利奖:征文比赛

一般举办时间:第一轮:9月——11月,第二轮:12月——2月

伯克利奖成立于1998年,由加利福尼亚大学建筑系组织举办。这项竞赛只向全日制的建筑学专业学生开放,鼓励参赛者通过进入社区来扩大他们的学术教育范围,并通过调研来了解建筑环境如何更好地服务于我们的日常生活。每年主委会都会选择一个对建筑社会艺术的讨论至关重要的话题,并提出一个相关的问题,参赛的学生们需提交一份500字的论文方案来叙述相关问题。从这些文章中,大约有二十五名参赛者能够进入半决赛,那时他们应该用一篇2500字的论文来更加仔细地阐述他们的观点。

7. The Berkeley Prize: Essay Writing Competition
Usually runs: Initial round September – November. Semifinalists round December – February.
Established in 1998, The Berkeley Prize is endorsed by the Department of Architecture, University of California, Berkeley. Open only to full-time undergraduate architecture students, the competition encourages participants to expand their academic education by going into their communities and investigating how the built environment best serves and reflects the everyday lives of those for whom we design. Each year, a topic critical to the discussion of the social art of architecture is selected and a related question is posed; students are invited to submit a 500-word essay proposal in response. From this pool of essays, around twenty-five selected contestants move to the semi-finals where they are asked to submit a 2500-word essay expanding upon their proposals.
        

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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