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俄罗斯Gai-Kodzor酒厂
Gai-Kodzor Winery / Kleinewelt Architekten

由专筑网李韧,曹逸希编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:这座俄罗斯克拉斯诺达尔边疆区的Gai-Kodzor酒厂近期已建造完成。建筑设计部分由Kleinewelt Architekten事务所完成。建筑面积1500平方米,位于俄罗斯阿纳帕和新罗西斯克的中间区域,这是俄罗斯阳光最充足的区域,距离海岸只有5公里。这座建筑不仅仅是用于生产,其中还包含有展览、教育等其他娱乐功能。该项目的做法极具创新力,西班牙、法国以及意大利的一些传统葡萄酒生产商常常会建造精致的现代建筑来吸引更多的顾客。

Text description provided by the architects. The Gai-Kodzor Winery (Russia, Krasnodarsky Krai) has been completed. General Designer of the building is the architecture bureau Kleinewelt Architekten. The 1,500 sq.m. multifunctional complex is located halfway between Anapa and Novorossiysk, the sunniest spot of Russia just 5 km away from the sea. Apart from being a production facility, the project is to combine museum, education, hospitality and entertainment functions. The project is truly innovative. The traditional wine producers in Spain, France, and Italy have long been using modern architecture as an attractor.

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© Ilya Ivanov

有许多知名建筑师都设计了这类建筑项目,例如弗兰克•盖里(Frank Gehry)、诺曼•福斯特(Norman Foster)、圣地亚哥•卡拉特拉瓦(Santiago Calatrava)、伦佐•皮亚诺(Renzo Piano)、理查德•罗杰斯(Richard Rogers)、克里斯蒂安•德•包赞巴克(Christian de Portzamparc),还有近期普利兹克建筑奖得主西班牙RCR建筑事务所。值得注意的是,除了少数特例,这类建筑在设计上常常并不会过于突出自我的个性,而是极力与周围的环境相融合。随着施工的逐步完善,酒厂里还会有博物馆、酒店以及观景台等功能区域。设计团队的目的是让每个功能区域都能更好地为公众服务。Nikolai Pereslegin说:“Gai-Kodzor葡萄酒服务于周围的餐厅,因此我们需要想一些办法来吸引更多的游客。这里不应该只是单纯的酒厂,它还应该成为当地的文化娱乐中心,其中可以包含会议室、咖啡厅、观景平台和一些迷你酒店。这种做法在欧洲都十分少见,在俄罗斯地区更是凤毛麟角。”

Construction of this type of buildings appealed to Frank Gehry. Norman Foster, Santiago Calatrava, Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers, Christian de Portzamparc and the current winners of the most prestigious architecture prize, Pritzker award, Spanish RCR Architects. It is to be noted that, except for some rare cases, the architecture of the “star” wineries does not tend to promote itself, striving rather highlight the surrounding scenery of wine yards and local production practices. As the construction goes on, the Winery will be supplemented by a museum, mini-hotels, and observation decks. The Kleinewelt Architekten team has decided to embrace every function typical for a public facility. “Gai-Kodzor wine is served in any neighboring restaurant, so it was necessary to come up with some idea that would attract visitors,” says Nikolai Pereslegin. “It is not just a winery, it should be a cultural center with its lecture hall, café, observation deck and, prospectively, a small hotel. Such versatile approach is unusual for Europe, to say nothing of Russia.”

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© Ilya Ivanov

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© Ilya Ivanov

同时,为了呼应欧洲的一贯传统,这座酒厂与自然环境融合在一起。Georgy Trofimov 评论说:“本次项目的一个重要任务是保持场地环境的原有特征即壮观的浮雕,环境与城市发展同样重要,有时甚至要优先于经济效益。”因此,酒厂为周围的环境提供了一系列的“框架”系统,例如,柱子等结构系统采取了如相机镜头般的框景手法,使得山顶上的展览馆部分更加引人注目,来自天空的温和日光让建筑熠熠生辉。更令人惊讶的是,建筑师只是单纯地通过裸露的钢筋混凝土来作为饰面以及承重材料,并且完成以上一系列设计构思。从任何角度来看,这样的建筑都是真正的“绿色建筑”。

At the same time, in keeping with the best European traditions, the winery is integrated into the natural environment. “Of course, one of the major tasks was to retain the magnificent relief which had been geologically formed here,” comments Georgy Trofimov, “The environment requires as much attention as the town. Sometimes even more.” Therefore, the winery provides a sort of “frame” for the surroundings: the columns and structures “fix” certain aspect views, just like a camera lens. As a result, the pavilions on the hilltop inevitably attract attention, while mildly dissolving in the air of nearly Tuscan landscape, sun-kissed and semi-transparent. This is all the more surprising if one takes into account that the authors have realized their dream to build a structure where the exposed concrete is used both as a finishing and load-bearing material. The resulting building is “green” in every sense!

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© Ilya Ivanov

除了与周围的景观相呼应,这座酒厂还有一个中央绿洲,这里有许多名贵植物,将室内空间装点出非凡的视觉效果。Nikolai说:“当地的葡萄种植环境优越,因此其他类型的植物相对较少,我们调查了场地的花卉类型,然后通过合金钢将它们制作出来,并将这种图案投影到博物馆的墙体上。Gai-Kodzor具有当地最长的日照时间,因此我们决定在建筑室内运用投影的装饰策略。”

Besides being in harmony with the surrounding landscape, the complex has an oasis in its center, composed of rare flora species which have provided the basis of the ornamental decorations used to create extraordinary dancing shadows in its interior. “The grapes enjoy favorable conditions in Gai-Kodzor, while there are fewer plants of another kind in the locality”, explains Nikolai. “We scanned the flowers of the site and integrated their patterns in the claddings made of corten steel. The ornamental patterns will be projected to the pavilion walls. Gai-Kodzor is the place in our country’s geography having the longest sunny season, so we decided to use dancing shadows in the interiors.”

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© Ilya Ivanov

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© Ilya Ivanov

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这座建筑的设计符合环保标准和可持续发展要求,建筑师运用了风力发电机、太阳能电池以及其他有助于节约能源的技术设备。新建筑是兼具传统技术与创新精神的“博物馆”。每个房间所生产的酒都不尽相同。Sergei Pereslegin说:“在这里,人们能够观看到完整的生产流程,建筑中配备加工过程装置,这是非常棒的观感效果。”

The design of the winery complies with all current requirements of environmentally friendly and sustainable architecture: wind generators, solar batteries, and other technologies help to save electricity. The new building is a sort of “museum” of both innovative and traditional technologies. Each room is devoted to a different kind of wine. “When moving around the Winery, one can see the entire production process,” promises Sergei Pereslegin. “The building has already the processing equipment installed and it looks absolutely fantastic.”

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立面图/Elevations

建筑设计:Kleinewelt Architekten
地点:俄罗斯,克拉斯诺达尔边疆区
主创建筑师:Nikolai Pereslegin, Sergei Pereslegin, Georgy Trofimov (architects, partners of Kleinewelt Architekten); Maria Zubkova; Oksana Novoskoltseva; Ksenia Vorobyeva
面积:1500平方米
项目时间:2017年
照片:Ilya Ivanov

Architects: Kleinewelt Architekten
Location: Yuzhnaya Ulitsa, Gaikodzor, Krasnodarskiy kray, Russia
Authors Architects: Nikolai Pereslegin, Sergei Pereslegin, Georgy Trofimov (architects, partners of Kleinewelt Architekten); Maria Zubkova; Oksana Novoskoltseva; Ksenia Vorobyeva
Area: 1500.0 m2
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: Ilya Ivanov


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。                 

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