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即将涅槃重生的废弃之地第1张图片

Paul Raphaelson拍摄重建前的威廉斯堡的废弃多米诺糖厂
Paul Raphaelson photographs Williamsburg's derelict Domino Sugar Factory ahead of redevelopment

由专筑网郭子桐,李韧编译

美国艺术家Paul Raphaelson发布了布鲁克林区的一个破旧多米诺糖厂(Domino Sugar Factory)的图集,从照片中可以看出,这个靠近东河(East River)的糖厂已经被锈覆盖,看起来十分恐怖。这个地方于2004年不再使用,十年以后被拆除了。

American artist Paul Raphaelson has published photographs of Brooklyn's dilapidated Domino Sugar Factory, revealing the eerie rust-covered spaces along the East River that were abandoned in 2004 and demolished a decade later.

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这个照片集由Raphaelson在2013年的八月和十月拍摄,就在几个月之前,大多数的建筑都被名为Two Trees Management的房地产开发商拆除了,这个开发商正在沿着威廉斯堡的江边对这片区域进行重建。

制糖厂的主要建筑在2007年都被指定为标志性建筑,因此在整体规划之中,它需要重新修建,但同时在这片土地上还需要建造多栋摩天大楼。

The photographs were taken by Raphaelson in August and October of 2013, just months before most of the complex was demolished by real-estate developer Two Trees Management, which is redeveloping the vast site along Williamsburg's waterfront.
The main sugar factory building was designated as a landmark in 2007 and is therefore being renovated as part of the masterplan, but the remainder of the land is making way for a series of skyscrapers.

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在推土机拆除这些建筑之前,Raphaelson记录了该建筑的内外空间,这些珍贵的区域将在10年内消失,留下一片空白。

一些图片揭示了工厂内各种设备和工作环境,这些设备覆盖着厚重的锈层、灰尘和糖渍。

Capturing the abandoned buildings before the bulldozers moved in, Raphaelson documented the remnants of both the exteriors and interiors, which had fallen into complete disrepair during the almost 10 years it was left vacant.
Some of the images reveal various machinery and working spaces inside the factory, coated in decades of rust, soot and crusty sugar.

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Raphaelson对 Dezeen记者说:“你能想象吗,这里的地板走上去都有种黏糊的感受。”

Raphaelson补充说道:“建筑内部各种设备表面都覆盖着厚厚的糖渍,还混合着污垢、铁锈和剥落的油漆,这些东西混合在一起进行着各种化学反应。”

"Everything was covered in gunk," Raphaelson told Dezeen. "In some places, the floors were both slippery and sticky, if you can imagine."
"Every surface was covered with layers of sugar, syrup, molasses, all in varying degrees of wetness and fermentation, mixed liberally with dirt and rust and peeled paint," he added.

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其中的一个照片显示了大量滤水器的底部,在几十年前,糖浆层层滴落在这里。另一个是在工厂外面的远处威廉斯堡大桥上的斜坡和栏杆。

基地俯视图显示了十几个筒仓和精炼设备的结构,由粗管和黄色金属栏杆连接在一起,其他的照片也表达了砖厂内部,包括生锈的垃圾箱、配电盘、主机的结构特征。

One of the photos shows the bottoms of massive water filters, streaked from where syrup had dripped decades ago. Another includes a view of an outdoor ramp and railings, with the Williamsburg Bridge in the distance.
A birds-eye view of the site shows a dozen silos and refining structures, linked together by thick pipes and yellow metal railings, while other photos feature structures inside the brick factory, including rusty bins, switchboards, and distributing machines.

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Raphaelson说:“地板上糖渍让人难以忍受。”

Raphaelson说:“当我完成每天的摄影工作,回到家的第一件事就是脱掉我的鞋子。”

"The amount of sticky, muddy sugar on the floors was surreal," said Raphaelson, who is based in Brooklyn.
"Every day when I got home [from photographing], the first task, before backing up all the images, was to hose off my shoes."

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这张照片来源于Raphaelson的书《Brooklyn's Sweet Ruin》,这本书记录了多米诺糖厂的故事,包括建筑史学家Matt Postal与前工厂工人谈话。

The photographs are taken from Raphaelson's book Brooklyn's Sweet Ruin: Relics and Stories of the Domino Sugar Refinery, which includes research by architectural historian Matt Postal and interviews with former factory workers.

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该工厂建于1855年,是加勒比进口原糖的交货点,再通过制糖设备将其提制成可食用物品。

在20世纪,这家家族工厂被美国公司多米诺(Domino)收购,因此在建筑的主立面上设置了该公司的巨大标识。

Built in 1855, the factory complex provided a drop-off point for raw sugar imported from the Caribbean, and hosted machinery to refine it into an edible form.
In the 1900s the family-owned factory was bought by US company Domino, and the company's logo was added in huge letters across one of its facade.

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2007年,国家历史保护信托基金(National Trust for Historic Preservation)将布鲁克林包括多米诺糖厂在内的工业滨水区列为“濒危古迹”。

In 2007, the National Trust for Historic Preservation listed Brooklyn's Industrial Waterfront, including the Domino complex, as an "endangered historic site".

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Raphaelson是少数进入了多米诺糖厂的艺术家之一。就在他拍下这些建筑后,美国黑人艺术家Kara Walker为这个名为“Sugar Sphinx”的地方设计了一个临时的艺术品,这个艺术品放置在这个废弃的仓库里,其高度为35英尺(约10米)。

巨大的艺术品雕塑用白糖创建,周围的小男孩雕像由糖蜜或黑糖浆制成。

Raphaelson was one of a small number of artists to have been given access to the Domino Sugar Factory. Just after he photographed the buildings, African-American artist Kara Walker designed a temporary installation for the space nicknamed The Sugar Sphinx, which reached 35 feet (10 metres) tall inside the abandoned warehouse.
Her giant sculpture was created from white sugar, and surrounded by small statues of boys made using from molasses, or black treacle.

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2017年11月,地标保护委员会(Landmarks Preservation Commission)批准了“多米诺糖工厂”的重新建设,重建项目还包括一系列塔楼和一座新的拱形玻璃屋顶的工厂。

Vishaan Chakrabarti是SHoP Architects事务所的主要设计师,也是提出重新开发“多米诺糖厂”的主要人员,他将这个项目移交给他的新公司Practice for Architecture and Urbanism(PAU).

The redevelopment of the Domino Sugar Factory site was approved by the Landmarks Preservation Commission in November 2017, including plans for the set of towers and to top the factory with a new arched glass roof.
Vishaan Chakrabarti, who created the masterplan while a principal at SHoP Architects, is moving the project over to his new firm Practice for Architecture and Urbanism(PAU).

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“我想如果这些古老的遗物如果像国家公园和纪念碑一样具有纪念意义,那么我一定会爱上它们。”Raphaelson说,“但如果只是把它当做国家的不动财产,那么这种想法非常自私和荒谬。”

“我很欣慰的是,这座工厂的重建项目具有地标性。”他继续说,“我认为,重新利用其内部空间,并建造一个玻璃盒子的概念非常引人注目。”

基地沿着肯特大道(Kent Avenue)的一侧将会建设一座由James Corner Field Operations设计的大型公园,这座公园计划在2018年夏季对外开放。

"I'd love it if these old relics would just stick around like national parks and monuments," said Raphaelson. "But that's both selfish and ridiculous, considering this is some of the most valuable real estate in the country."
"I'm just relieved that the main refinery building was landmarked," he continued. "And I think the plans to hollow it out and construct a glass building within its facade are quite striking."
The site will be fronted by a large public park along Kent Avenue, designed by James Corner Field Operations and planned to open summer 2018.

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出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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