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关怀|特殊的学校需要特殊的设计第1张图片

Weave建筑事务所通过滑动门将校园建筑连接到操场和树林
Sliding doors connect school building by Studio Weave to playground and woods

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

由Weave建筑事务所设计的这所学校设有半圆咬合的屋顶和双扇门,可将教室与伦敦郊区的林地连接起来。

This school by Studio Weave features a scalloped roofline and double doors that slide back to connect the classrooms with a woodland setting on the outskirts of London.

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Weave建筑事务所位于英国哈克尼区,为贝尔维尤学校(Belvue School)设计了一座独特的建筑,其屋顶具有半圆形凹槽。这所学校面向中等至严重学习困难的学生开放使用。

学校筹集足够的资金安装了两个集装箱,作为附近林地的辅助性建筑物,是教育自然保护区的管理空间。

业主希望能够在有限的预算中,为学生们带来更加有趣生动的学习空间。

The Hackney-based architecture studio created the classrooms with curving roofs for Belvue School, a mixed-gender secondary school for children with moderate to severe learning difficulties.
The school had previously raised enough money to install two shipping containers as support buildings for the adjacent woodland, which it manages as an educational nature reserve.
Studio Weave was asked to produce a more ambitious space for extracurriculars on a similar budget.

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“我们不仅仅是为学校设计一座新大楼。”建筑师解释说道,“这更是为了创造林地的环境,我们在该项目的设计中发挥了丰富的想象力。”

"Our approach to this project was about more than just designing a new building for the school," the architects said in their statement.
"It was about creating a narrative for the woodland that would open up imaginative ways of engaging with this newly acquired natural asset."

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两间木质教室与学校主建筑分开布置,中间是一个五颜六色的操场。

建筑师和学校师生一起举办了故事写作研讨会,帮助他们了解新空间与林地的互动,从而更好地了解学生们的内心想法与真实需求。

The two woodland rooms sit apart from the main school buildings across a colourful playground.
As part of the design process the architects and the school held story writing workshops with the students to help conjure up "a collective narrative" for how the new space could interact with the woodland.

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“我们发现,操场和树林之间的界限代表着教学与探索的边界。”建筑师说,“在这个非常重要的区域中,森林就像是一座大门,象征着另一端的秘密花园。”

"We identified that the boundary between the playground and woods marks the border between familiar school territory and the magical, mysterious world beyond," said the architects.
"At this very important threshold the woodland rooms act as a 'gatehouse', and symbolise the entrance to another world/secret garden."

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这个位于伦敦的建筑事务所由Je Ahn主持,该事务所在乡村建筑的空间塑造中极具经验。在波尔多附近的徒步旅行者营地中,建筑师设计了一座五边形建筑,其上方有着悬挂式屋顶,而在苏格兰西海岸的一家艺术工作室,建筑师让一条小溪穿过建筑下方。

而对于贝尔维尤学校,建筑师增设了可以打开的滑动门,这是进入林地的主要入口,从而形成一个封闭的空间。一个小型的拱形通道就像城堡的后门,让学生在门关闭时来来去去。

The London-based architecture practice led by Je Ahn has a reputation for crafting unusual spaces in rural locations. For a hikers' shelter near a river in Bordeaux it raised a five-sided building with a hooded roof up on stilts, and for an art studio on the west coast of Scotland they suspended a twin-gabled form halfway over a brook.
For Belvue School the architects added sliding doors that can be opened out to let the woodland in or shut to create an enclosed space. A small arched doorway, like a postern gate in a castle door, allows students to come and go when the doors are closed.

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建筑框架由外包雪松木的落叶松木材制作而成,内部则运用了桦木胶合板。

立面上开有不同形状的窗户,其中有圆形和山墙形态,结合高明度的黄色窗框,锯齿形窗台与建筑入口上方的木制板条相呼应。

The frame is made from larch wood with cedar cladding, and birch plywood for the interiors.
Storybook windows with circular, gabled or flat peaks are set at different angles across the wooden facade, with contrasting yellow frames, with sawtooth sills that match the angled tips of the wooden slats around the barn doors.

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教室上的凹形屋顶让入口处的天花板高度更加宜人,屋顶向房间中央凹陷开放。

天窗设置在屋顶最高点的两侧,让自然光进入室内,再结合门窗进行自然通风。

Concave roofs over the classrooms create comforting lower ceiling heights around the entrances, opening up towards the centre of the room.
Skylights set into the sides of the flattened peaks of the roof allow natural light to suffuse the rooms, and the doors and windows allow for natural ventilation.

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Weave建筑事务所为150平方米的学校设计了三个不同的专项学习空间。

不同的空间让学生在任何天气下都可以进行户外学习,并可在弧形屋面的内部悬挂学生的大型作品。

Studio Weave designed three different specialised learning spaces for the school in the 150-square-metre of classroom.
Messy Barn, with its barn-style doors, allows for outdoor learning even in all weathers, with space to hang large student-made art works from the curved eaves.

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另一间房间则布置成舒适的休息室,也兼具教学区域,学生通过大窗户可以看到远处树木的景色。当需要片刻宁静时,休息室也可以用作学生的私人场所。

阅读区位于窗户两侧天花板最低处的下方空间,而教室中的壁炉则用于冬季的采暖。

Next door, Cosy Lounge is used as a place for teaching, with large windows providing views of the trees beyond. The lounge area can also be used as a private sensory space for students when they need a place to be calm.
Reading nooks are tucked in under the lowest parts of the ceilings either side of the windows, and a wood-burning stove can be lit to heat the classroom in winter.

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公共区域设有咖啡厅、备餐区和小型用餐空间。

建筑师为屋顶设计了一个定制的风向标,它呈现这座新建筑的轮廓形态。

在萨拉曼卡(Salamanca),西班牙工作室ABLM Arquitectos在学校的一层地面上使用了色彩鲜艳的条形瓷砖,并在屋顶覆盖了镜面材质,这样能够反射天空的美景。

在法国里尔的一座校园建筑扩建项目中,来自布鲁塞尔(Brussels)的建筑工作室LT2A使用了金色舷窗,让使用者能够眺望外部的活动庭院。

摄影:Jim Stephenson

The Sociable Kitchen room houses a cafe, with a food preparation area and space for small groups to eat together.
Studio Weave designed a custom weathervane for the rooftops, which illustrates the wind blowing a gust of wind towards a miniature outline of the new school buildings.
In Salamanca, Spanish studio ABLM Arquitectos clad the ground level of a school in brightly coloured stripes of tiles and covered the top level in mirrors that reflect the sky.
For a school extension in Lille, Brussels-based architecture studio LT2A added golden portholes looking into the courtyard playground.
Photography by Jim Stephenson.

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出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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