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五颜六色的校园建筑,似乎是教育蓬勃发展的写照第1张图片

荷兰Doorn学校
School in Doorn / Spring Architecten + MoederscheimMoonen Architects

由专筑网李韧,曹逸希编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:该项目位于荷兰Doorn,是一座色彩丰富的校园建筑。景观总体规划与建筑设计由Spring Architecten和MoederscheimMoonen Architects合作完成。建筑师团队的努力将有力促进当地教育产业的发展。

Text description provided by the architects. Recently a colorful new school building has been delivered in Doorn, The Netherlands. The total scheme of landscape and buildings was designed by Spring Architecten in collaboration with MoederscheimMoonen Architects. The team of architects worked intensively on this comprehensive task which ultimately led to a real 'education estate'.

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场地核心

整座建筑空间经过有序组织,这样即使在新建筑的施工期间,校园内的其他设施仍然可以正常使用。建筑师的方案是将教育空间和体育设施分别放置于两座独立的建筑之中,这样施工和拆除工作就可以分阶段进行,从而让新建筑能够直接使用原有的运动馆场地。新校园的基地位于整个场地的核心区域,因此校园将成为人们的视觉焦点。而老建筑的场地则毗邻水源,场地的日后用水将不再成问题。

A natural center
The entire building process was organized so that the existing school could continue to fully function whilst construction onsite was taking place. The architects came up with a smart plan in which education and sport were divided into two separate buildings. This made it possible for construction and demolition to proceed in phases so that the new school could be built on the site of the old sports halls, after they had been rebuilt elsewhere. The site of the new school is in fact at the core of the total terrain and so causes the new school to become a natural focal point. Occupying the site of the old school building is a large water feature that has been created to ensure that the previous water issues on site are finally a thing of the past.

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高效、触发灵感、可持续的学习环境

建筑师说:“我们最初的目标是想要设计一座功能紧凑的校园建筑,其中并不需要走廊,所有的空间都能用于有效地学习,因此我们构思了这座三层空间,在这里,不同的学习场所和教室环绕着学校的中央部分而排布,这样能够节约不少交通空间,从而将更多的空间用于学习。另外,建筑中还设置有一些独特的功能场所,让这座校园建筑更具吸引力。礼堂、实验室、自习室等多功能用房相比起普通教室更加吸引眼球。”

House Revius - an efficient, inspiring and sustainable learning environment
From the architects: 'Our ambition was to design a compact school. A school building without corridors and where all rooms would become effective learning spaces. This has resulted in a compact three-layer design in which the different study plazas and classrooms are clustered around the dynamic heart of the school. Our design strategy has enabled us to realize fewer traffic space than originally calculated, leading to more squaremeters of study space. The building also contains a number of unique spaces and functions that create an overall inspiring learning environment. The auditorium, the many practical rooms and the study room are the real eye catchers in addition to the regular classrooms. '

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建筑的立面十分特殊,建筑师参考了周边的“Doorn住宅”,建筑师说:“在Doorn地区有许多具有当地特色的建筑,其中景观与这些独立乡村住宅之间的典型联系对我们的设计方案造成了许多影响。事实上,我们设计的是一座‘建筑中的建筑’,其内部功能布局十分紧凑,同时外部包裹着建筑的双重表皮,上方还结合了大屋顶,我们通过第二立面来表达这个设计理念。这个立面装饰有彩色条形钢板,让建筑具有自身的辨识度,同时在内外空间之间形成很好的过渡。建筑每个立面的条形装饰下都设置有大型开口,这再一次强调了建筑的可识别性,同时这些开口也将景观与独特的室内空间联系起来。”

The facade of the building has a special appearance and references the nearby ‘House Doorn’. From the architects: 'The area of Doorn is known for its many estates. The typical relationship between the landscape and the powerful detached country house certainly influenced our design. We actually made a building in a building; a very compact three-layer building within the skin of a two-tier building with a roof. This is expressed by the second facade that we have created. This facade, with colored steel slats, provides a powerful and recognizable gesture in the environment and a gradual transition between inside and outside. Each side of the building has large gates within the slat structure: the striking and recognizable face of "the house”; at the same time these openings form a connection between the landscape and the unique spaces”.

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布局紧凑的校园和体育设施的设计都运用了多种创新技术,这证明了建筑的可持续性。例如,建筑师运用了热泵系统,让外部空气成为建筑的能量源头。另外,建筑师还结合运用了一些光伏板,这让建筑的各个部分连通起来,所有的房间都自适应于冷却、加热、通风、照明等操作步骤,以上种种都为学生们创造了绝佳的学习工作环境。

The compact school and the sports building are designed with various innovative techniques that result in a future-proof and sustainable design. For instance, a heat pump system is used which uses the outside air as an energy source. In combination with the many PV panels, they have become buildings without a gas connection, where all rooms are individually adjustable for cooling, heating, ventilation and lighting. This has created an optimal learning and working climate.

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体育设施

体育设施是促进当地教育发展的重要组成部分,并且其在景观环境中也起到非常重要的作用。例如,建筑场地后侧的运动场周边绿树林荫,建筑师在场地的设计中也考虑了多项体育设施,其中有沙滩排球场、小型足球场以及其他适用于不同锻炼方式的设施。

An estate for sports
Sport is an important part of education at the Revius Lyceum. It played a very prominent role in the design of the landscape. For example, the main sports field at the rear of the site is surrounded by beautiful trees, and has therefore remained unaffected. The terrain design, however, also accommodates many new sporting facilities such as a beach volleyball court, a panna-soccer cage and various other elements that invite exercise and different activities.

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体育建筑其自身也受到了周边景观的影响。在建筑的设计中,三座不同的体育场分别环绕一棵大树而排布,这棵树也形成了体育建筑的入口引导,同时也为场地带来一抹暖意与自然气息。建筑形态有着交错的体量,体育馆与低矮的更衣室形成了高低错落的空间感。为了将不同的空间连接起来,建筑师运用建筑基座作为连接体,让不同的建筑空间在质感与虚实方面连贯起来。

The sports building itself has also been influenced by the surrounding landscape. In the design of this building, the three different sports halls are placed around a monumental tree. The tree creates an attraction towards entering the sports building and is also emphasized by the choice of warm and natural materials. The architectural appearance can be characterized by the interchanging 'volumes'; the gymnasiums together with the low-rise changing rooms form a varied picture of volumes with different heights. To link these spaces, it was decided to let the plinth be the binding element, both in terms of materialization and transparency.

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盛赞与光明

在8月份的新学年,这座校园综合体建筑投入使用。学生们第一次上课之后反应良好,他们对这座建筑颇为赞叹。老师们的反应同样热烈,尤其是教室和学习空间的连接。当地的教育产业的复兴似乎有着明亮的前景。

Awesome and Bright
The complex has been in use since the beginning of the school year in August. The reactions of the pupils after the first day of school can be summarized as 'awesome!', and 'It’s so light everywhere!'. The teachers' reactions have been just as enthusiastic, one particularly mentioning the direct relationship between the classrooms and the study plazas. The new Revius Lyceum has been definitively accepted!

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建筑设计:Spring Architecten + MoederscheimMoonen Architects
地点:荷兰,乌得勒支
主创建筑师:Alfons Hams, Jurjen Vermeer, Erik Moederscheim
项目团队:Eric Strookman, Herman Hendriks, Anneke Heins, Amira Sehovic, Jelle Rinsema, Christiaan Harmse, Sulejman Gusic, Fernando Polo Calvo, Carlos Surinach, Jelmer van Zalingen
面积:8600.0 m2
项目时间:2017年
结构设计:Pieters Bouwtechniek
安装顾问:Klicktet BV
建筑物理:Peutz
项目管理:Hevo
室内设计顾问:Ilse Panis
承包商:Burgland Bouw BV
客户:CVO, Revius Lyceum

Architects: Spring Architecten + MoederscheimMoonen Architects
Location: Doorn, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Architects in Charge: Alfons Hams, Jurjen Vermeer, Erik Moederscheim
Project Team: Eric Strookman, Herman Hendriks, Anneke Heins, Amira Sehovic, Jelle Rinsema, Christiaan Harmse, Sulejman Gusic, Fernando Polo Calvo, Carlos Surinach, Jelmer van Zalingen
Area: 8600.0 m2
Project Year: 2017
Structural Designer: Pieters Bouwtechniek
Installations Consultancy: Klicktet BV
Building Physics: Peutz
Project Management: Hevo
Interior Advisor: Ilse Panis
Contractor: Burgland Bouw BV
Client: CVO, Revius Lyceum
   

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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