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穿插飞跃、腾空连贯,校园建筑就该如此充满活力第1张图片


墨西哥尤卡坦自治大学教育学院
School of Education of the Autonomous University of Yucatán / Departamento de Proyectos de la Facultad de Arquitectura

由专筑网李韧,邢子编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:该建筑由多个体量构成,每个体量都有着不同的几何形态,对应不同的校园使用功能,其周边环绕着绿色植物,并且拥有中央庭院,与周边建筑形成呼应的同时,又能从中脱颖而出。这个项目与城市肌理相互契合,位于城市干道和环形道路的交叉口,形态弯曲环绕,与旁侧的经济学院很好地结合在一起。其西侧近邻学校图书馆,并且教学大楼部分还采用了阶梯形态的造型。

Text description provided by the architects. It is a vigorous complex of volumes with varied geometries that expresses the different university functions and lays down carefully in the jungle, embracing a large courtyard with multiple atmospheres. A building that talks with its neighbors, but subtly distinguishing itself from the environment. It constructs an urban fabric, locating its access in the node that forms the main avenue and the roundabout. Its curved shapes and heights respond to the immediate neighbor: the school of Economics. Its western wall is aligned with the Campus Library, and its slope finish is adopted by the classroom building.

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建筑中包含有3种不同的功能,分别位于3个不同的几何体之中。第一个是相互垂直的三层体量,主要功能是教室,另一个则是两层的三角形体量,主要用于办公空间和研究设施,最后一个则是两个弧形体量,主要是管理和服务用房。这样的布局方式让建筑功能清晰明了。

The school is deployed with three geometries that respond to the different university functions. A first orthogonal body of three levels, for the classrooms; another triangular of two levels, for the managers and research cubicles; and the third one consists of two curved volumes: administration and services. This strategy facilitates the readability of functions.

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建筑师运用弧形体量和线性体量来形成明确的对比,不同体量上下交错与旋转,在下部形成了门廊,空间的层层交叠与穿插,沿着楼梯旁侧的墙体而形成了走廊。

The formal design exploits the tension generated by the contrast between the curved and straight shapes. The ensemble is unified with the flying plates that fold, form the porticos, rotate, integrate the triangular volume and after a transition, reappear in the classrooms building, forming corridors along the wall of the staircase.

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建筑师将周边的景观保留下来,其中大约有300余棵树木。庭院面积约1300平方米,在自然与使用者之间形成了良好的联系,并且将活动空间延伸到室外,产生了瞬息万变的空间氛围,而露台的上方则被郁郁葱葱的天然热带植物所包围。

Much of the original landscaping of the property remained intact, preserving around 300 trees. The courtyard of 1,300 square meters is the protagonist, establishing contact between nature and the user, by extending the activities to the outside, alternating transit spaces, with stays on the terraces roofed by the delicate tropical native fronds.

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教室也根据体量形态排布,分别位于南北朝向的三层体量之中,这样能够减少建筑中多余的热量。建筑南立面的金属百叶窗阻挡了部分直射阳光,同时也促进了自然通风,并遮挡了来自室外的视线干扰。建筑师还运用了诸如风塔等被动式策略,从而增加建筑内部的空气循环,因为风吹过屋顶上时所产生的一定气流能够带走建筑中多余的热量。另外,建筑师还为教室设计了满足声学需求的吊顶,让室内空间舒适而适用。

The classrooms rule the composition. They are in the highest volume of three levels, oriented north-south, to diminish the thermal gain. Metallic louvers on the south facade minimize solar impact. It favors the natural cross ventilation, by the strategic position of the windows, blocking the visuals from the corridors, but allowing the passage of air towards the students. Wind towers are used: passive mechanisms that increase air circulation, taking advantage of the fact that the greater wind flow on the roof sucks the warm air from the classrooms. The particular design of the classroom has an access vestibule and an acoustic solution by ceilings, generating a comfortable and versatile interior space.

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建筑采用了刚性混凝土结构,结构高度为4米,其中曲线部分则通过平行片状体块建造而成,然后经过微调,与整体的结构系统相协调。入口区域的梁架为双T型,悬臂长度为20米。另外,混凝土梁结构系统呈对角线形排列,放置于楼梯体量的上方,其中有一个高达8米的空腔,悬挂在教室西立面墙体上方,并面向主要的步行通道。

The constructive systems used are rigid concrete frames every 4 meters, including the curved volumes that were sectioned in parallel, achieving minimal adjustments to integrate them into the general construction system. Double T-beams in the access, with an average cantilever of 20 meters. In addition, a structure of concrete beams resting on the cube of the staircase, diagonally arranged, with a hollow that reaches up to 8 meters, which hangs the wall of the west facade of the classrooms and appears in the main access.

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建筑的空间序列抑扬顿挫且逻辑明确,空间尺度结合人体工学设计,在不同的角度与距离下都有意想不到的视觉效果。建筑体量以水平空间为主,同时拥有清晰的连接节点,每个空间的功能在日常使用中都体现得淋漓尽致。

A careful spatial sequence, structured with clear endings and turns, in which unexpected visuals are achieved with different ranges, privilege the human scale, marked by the predominantly horizontal lines, establishing unequivocal links of identification; manifesting in the joy of living the site.

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建筑设计:Departamento de Proyectos de la Facultad de Arquitectura
地点:墨西哥 尤卡坦 梅里达
主创建筑师:Roberto José Ancona Riestra
项目团队:Arch. Roberto José Ancona Riestra, Arch. Rosa María Martínez de Arredondo de Ancona, Arch. Marcos Roberto Zapata Dzib, Arch. Pamela Leticia Alcalá Cetz, M.I., Arch. Edgar Emmanuel Moguel Puerto, Arch. Yamil Abraham Sosa Cuevas, Arch. Gilmer Martín Ku Caamal, Arch. Victoria Guadalupe Fuentes Rivero
面积:5768.0 m2
项目时间:2015年
摄影:Tamara Uribe
制造商:Cuprum, Interceramic, Millet, MITZA, Cémex
建筑施工:HASSTEN S.A. of C.V. / Administrative Coordination of Projects and Construction, UADY - Arch. José Antonio González Vadillo
项目负责人:Eng. Jesús Antonio Pacheco Gasca
项目监理:Eng. Víctor Manuel Segovia Maas
结构设计:CM Ingeniería Estructural / M.I. Carlos Alejandro Castillo Manzano
照明设备:Ilurgia / Eng. Rafael Sánchez Buenfil

Architects: Departamento de Proyectos de la Facultad de Arquitectura
Location: Carretera Mérida-Tizimín Km. 1, Cholul, 97305 Mérida, Yucatán,Mexico
Author Architects: Roberto José Ancona Riestra
Design Team: Arch. Roberto José Ancona Riestra, Arch. Rosa María Martínez de Arredondo de Ancona, Arch. Marcos Roberto Zapata Dzib, Arch. Pamela Leticia Alcalá Cetz, M.I., Arch. Edgar Emmanuel Moguel Puerto, Arch. Yamil Abraham Sosa Cuevas, Arch. Gilmer Martín Ku Caamal, Arch. Victoria Guadalupe Fuentes Rivero
Area: 5768.0 m2
Project Year: 2015
Photographs: Tamara Uribe
Manufacturers: Cuprum, Interceramic, Millet, MITZA, Cémex
Construction: HASSTEN S.A. of C.V. / Administrative Coordination of Projects and Construction, UADY - Arch. José Antonio González Vadillo
Project Manager: Eng. Jesús Antonio Pacheco Gasca
Superintendent of Work: Eng. Víctor Manuel Segovia Maas
Structure: CM Ingeniería Estructural / M.I. Carlos Alejandro Castillo Manzano
Illumination: Ilurgia / Eng. Rafael Sánchez Buenfil

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