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OFIS Arhitekti的玻璃静修亭
OFIS Arhitekti's Glass Pavilion is a star-gazing retreat in Spain's Gorafe desert

由专筑网李韧,王帅编译

斯洛文尼亚工作室Ofis Arhitekti在西班牙安达卢西亚的沙漠中设计建造了一座静修亭,建筑周围环绕着玻璃幕墙,充分运用了周边的广阔景观和夜晚天空的美景。

OFIS arhitekti与制造商Guardian Glass共同合作完成了这座玻璃静修亭,这对于建筑师来说是一个挑战,因为这座建筑的结构几乎要将玻璃的性能发挥至极致。

Slovenian studio OFIS Arhitekti has created an isolated desert retreat in Andalusia, featuring glazed walls that take advantage of the vast landscape and dramatic night skies.
OFIS Arhitekti developed the Glass Pavilion in collaboration with experts from specialist manufacturer Guardian Glass, which challenged the architects to design a structure that would test its products to their limits.

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这块场地海拔较高,周边也没有光污染,从而成为看星星的极佳场所。

但同时这里也是欧洲地区环境较为恶劣的一个区域,Gorafe沙漠的温度有时会超过40摄氏度,这导致了当地土著居民常常会将建筑建造在地下。

The site chosen for the building is renowned as an excellent spot for stargazing, due to its elevation and lack of light pollution.
But it is also one of the harshest environments in Europe. Temperatures in the Gorafe desert, in the province of Granada, can soar beyond 40 degrees celsius, resulting in a local vernacular of troglodytic homes dug into the clay earth.

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Guardian Glass希望这座静修亭能够展现出Guardian SunGuard玻璃的高度隔热性能,因为这种玻璃上覆盖着一层隐形涂层,这种涂层能够过滤太阳光的辐射,让这座通体沐浴在阳光之下的建筑的内部依然保持着舒适的温度。

该建筑面积约20平方米,其立面由竖向玻璃面板围合而成,而内部的空间也使用玻璃划分而成。

Guardian Glass wanted the pavilion demonstrate the technical capacity of its highly insulated Guardian SunGuard glass, which features an almost invisible coating that filters solar radiation, to ensure a comfortable environment in buildings with large glazed surfaces.
The 20-square-metre pavilion uses the vertical glazing panels of the envelope as structural walls, so the interior is entirely lined with unprotected glass.

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Photo is by Jose Navarrete

“如果我们使用质量不好的玻璃来建造这座建筑,也许室内的环境会让使用者感到不舒适。”建筑师Spela Videcnik说道,她与Rok Oman于1998年共同创立了OFIS Arhitekti。

她补充说:“通过这种高品质的玻璃,我们在建筑外部就不需要设置其它的遮阳设施,这也就是说,如果我们能够在如此恶劣的环境下完成建筑的设计建造,那么以后在任何环境状况下,我们都能确保建筑内部的舒适度。”

"If we would have used bad glass the space would get overheated, which would mean that someone who lives here could die," pointed out architect Spela Videcnik, who founded OFIS Arhitekti with Rok Oman in 1998.
"With this high-quality glass there is no external shading needed to protect the inside from the strong sun," she added. "If you can make a building that can resist these conditions you could make a building anywhere."

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Photo is by Jose Navarrete

Oman和 Videcnik对于极端环境中的建筑设计很有经验。他们以前的项目有为登山者量身打造的小木屋,其中一座位于斯洛文尼亚Skuta山脉崎岖的岩石上,另一座悬臂建筑则位于斯洛文尼亚边境的山脉之中。

这座玻璃静修亭有着足够坚硬的玻璃结构,完全能够承受当地的极端环境,建筑内部平面由三面玻璃墙由中部空间向周围划分而成,让使用者能够充分享受沙漠的美景。

Oman and Videcnik specialise in architecture for extreme environments. Their previous projects have included tiny cabins for use by mountaineers, one of which perches on a rocky outcrop on Slovenia's Skuta Mountain, while another cantilevers over the edge of a mountain on the Slovenian-Italian border.
The Glass Pavilion's structural glazed walls are robust enough to withstand the desert's strong winds, and envelope a floor plan comprising three arms that radiate outwards from a central core. They offer uninterrupted views of the surrounding desert.

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Photo is by Jose Navarrete

玻璃体块位于基座与屋顶之间,并且体量略微缩小,屋顶延伸到玻璃墙壁以外,形成一个遮荫的外部平台。

基座与屋顶由木材制作而成,外侧的玻璃能够反射周围的景观,减少了建筑体量对于周围环境的视觉冲击。

The glazed volume is sandwiched between a plinth and roof that extend beyond the walls to form a shaded external platform.
Both the deck and roof are constructed from timber cassettes, clad in mirrored panels that reflect the surrounding landscape and further reduce the visual impact of the pavilion on its setting.

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窗帘环绕着建筑屋顶的边缘,为建筑提供了遮阳设施。

静修亭的室内由3个不同的空间组成,分别是起居室、卧室,以及带有浴缸的卫生间。

Curtains suspended from tracks integrated into the edges of the roof can be drawn around the structure to increase the amount of shade.
The pavilion's interior is organised into three distinct spaces housed in each of the arms: the first contains a compact living area, another houses the bedroom, and the third features a jacuzzi set into its floor.

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建筑室内的服务空间包含有一个卫生间、储藏室、卧室,以及起居室旁侧的厨房。木地板从内部向外延伸,加强了室内外空间的联系。

A central core contains services including a toilet, storage for the bedroom and a kitchenette next to the living space. Timber floor boards extend from the minimal interior spaces onto the exterior decking to enhance the connection with the outdoors.

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这座玻璃静修亭主要用于度假,其中的空间可容纳1至2人,使用者可以通过Airbnb等其它类似平台进行预定。

除了特殊说明,其余图片均来源于Gonzalo Botet。

The Glass Pavilion was developed for use as a holiday rental. It will be made available for individuals or couples to book through Airbnb and other platforms.
Photography is by Gonzalo Botet, apart from where otherwise indicated.

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项目信息:
建筑设计:OFIS Arhitekti
项目团队:Rok Oman, Spela Videcnik, Andrej Gregoric, Janez Martincic, José Navarrete Jiménez, Lucas Blasco Sendón, Jakub Chaloupek, Agnieszka Sukienniczak
结构与立面设计:AKT II
气候工程:Transsolar
总承包商:Permiz
Electrical engineering: Energovat
当地承包商:SHN Constructora

Project credits:
Architecture: OFIS Arhitekti
Project team: 
Rok Oman, Spela Videcnik, Andrej Gregoric, Janez Martincic, José Navarrete Jiménez, Lucas Blasco Sendón, Jakub Chaloupek, Agnieszka Sukienniczak
Structure and envelope: AKT II
Climate engineering : Transsolar
General contractor: Permiz
Electrical engineering: Energovat
Local contractor: SHN Constructora

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