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加拿大Britannia住宅
Britannia House / Shugarman Architecture + Design Inc

由专筑网小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:Britannia住宅位于加拿大阿尔伯塔东南部Elbow东部河畔,就建筑而言,这座住宅挑战了单户家庭中私密与开敞空间的传统规划类型。就许多现代化社区而言,家庭户外起居生活的发展倾向于愈发私密的后院,而不是传统的前侧门廊。

Text description provided by the architects. The Britannia Residence sits atop the east bank of the Elbow River in southeast Calgary, Alberta. Architecturally, the residence challenges traditional planning typologies of private and open spaces within a single-family dwelling. In many contemporary neighborhoods, the preference for family outdoor living is toward the more private back yard, as opposed to prioritizing the front porch as was done in the past.

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在这片场地上,使用者只能在前侧院落观赏到西侧的太阳和下方的河谷景观,因此相较于局限在室内的起居空间之外,建筑师的设计方案也强调了大型前侧门廊灰空间的新式概念。目的是给外部起居区域和室内空间带来更加隐私化感受,从道路到前侧入口的小径经过精心地景观设计,再次强调私密的环境。

On this lot, the west sun exposure and the views of the river valley below are only visible from the front yard. So rather than only confining enjoyment of the view to the living spaces within, the design began with an updated concept of a large covered front porch. And in order to provide more privacy for this exterior living area and the interior spaces, the path from the sidewalk to the front doors was carefully woven and landscaped to provide screening.  

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街区的高度限制表明了建筑不可以为2层,因此建筑师利用一层的空间,尽量增加高度,然后向下设计地下车库。建筑师给主要起居空间的屋面形式设计了一定的角度,使其朝向外侧景观。这个策略让建筑师能够充分利用西侧的光线以及公园河流的景观。总体而言,楼层平面的进深很小,光线能够进入到其中,而每个房间都能有一定的景观视角。

The height restriction of the neighbourhood meant that a 2-storey house was not a possibility.  We leveraged the form of a bungalow and raised it as high as the height restriction allowed and offset it with a drive-down below-grade garage. We angled the roof form in the main living space up and out toward the view. This solution allowed us to take full advantage of the west-facing exposure and the views of the park and river below.  Overall, the depth of the floor plan was kept thin to allow for light to penetrate and for all rooms to enjoy views in as many directions as possible.

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建筑的形式通过两种不同的形式来表达,首先是起居室的宽敞空间,这里有着通透的玻璃窗户和极具表现力的屋面形式;另一个则是包含着小型用房的线性形式,其中有书房和卧室。它们有着完全不同的形式,二者之间是住宅的入口。建筑的一侧是开阔的起居室,另一侧是私密性强的房间,入口成为了“之间的空间”,让使用者一进入住宅就能够感受到空间的形式和功能。

The form of the house has two divergent expressions.  One is the expansive space of the living area with its floor to ceiling windows and an expressive roof.  The other is a more architecturally subdued linear form that contains the group of smaller rooms, such as the den and bedrooms. Between these two contrasting forms, lies the entrance to the house.  With the expansive living space on one side and the more intimate private rooms on the other, the entry is truly the ‘in-between-space’ of the house and helps to delineate the forms and functions of these spaces as soon as one steps inside.

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建筑的壁炉是漂浮的建筑元素,连接着内外空间。就外部而言,全方位覆盖的自然石英石面板标记了住宅的垂直入口形态,沿着石材往内走动时,这里就成为了建筑的主要特征,其中有着隐私屏风,其功能就如同壁炉,表达了起居空间的本质。

The fireplace is a floating architectural element that connects the outside with the inside.  Looking from the outside, the fully clad natural quartzite stone slabs mark the entry of the house with its verticality. As you follow the stone inside it becomes the main interior feature of the house serving as a privacy screen from the entry, and its functionality as fireplace anchors the living space.

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建筑设计:Shugarman Architecture + Design Inc
地点:加拿大
类型:住宅
面积:4000 m2
时间: 2017年
摄影:David Troyer
制造商:AutoDesk, Montigo, Alumicor, Reynobond, Trimble
设计团队:Shugarman Architecture + Design Inc.
工程设计:Entuitive
景观设计:Scatliff + Miller + Murray
施工管理:Hurley Construction

HOUSES
CALGARY, CANADA
Architects: Shugarman Architecture + Design Inc
Area: 4000 m2
Year: 2017
Photographs: David Troyer
Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Montigo, Alumicor, Reynobond, Trimble
Design Team: Shugarman Architecture + Design Inc.
Engineering: Entuitive
Landscape: Scatliff + Miller + Murray
Construction Manager: Hurley Construction

        
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