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预制屋的自我修养,上分必备|英国小型预制住宅第1张图片

Kodasema 在英国推出150000镑小型预制住宅
Kodasema launches tiny prefab home for £150k in UK

由专筑网严越,李韧编译

为了解决英国的住房危机,爱沙尼亚设计公司 Kodasema启动了其预制的25平方米的微型住宅方案,建造时间只需不到一天,而且可以搬迁到闲置的土地上。

名为Koda的住宅制造费用仅约15万英镑,其中包括设计规划、运输、现场安装以及水电和排污管道输送等各项费用。

该住宅的结构不需要地基,可以由卡车自由运输,目的是通过自建文化和提高空地的利用率来推动英国房地产市场发展。

In a bid to solve the UK's housing crisis, Estonian design collective Kodasema has launched its prefabricated 25-square-metre micro home that takes less than a day to build and can be relocated to make use of vacant sites.
The Koda house costs just £150,000 as a package – including the cost of planning and building regulations, as well as delivery, site preparation, installation and connections to water, electricity and sewage.
The structure, which doesn't need foundations and can be moved on the back of a lorry, aims to "shake up" the UK property market by encouraging self-build culture and better use of empty plots of land.

预制屋的自我修养,上分必备|英国小型预制住宅第2张图片

Kodasema 认为目前情况的应对方法是提供住户能够负担得起的预制设计,可在伦敦任意站点通过现场集装从而形成临时住房。他们还建议这座小住宅可以作为低成本的避暑别墅、 咖啡馆、 办公室、 车间、 工作室或教室。

Kodasema 公司的 John O'Brien说:“简单高效的设计可以帮助缓解住房危机对地方政府的压力,空置的土地上可以成为临时住宅或工作场所。”

Kodasema sees the affordable and prefabricated design as a solution for "meanwhile planning" situations, which could be installed as temporary housing on disused sites across London. They suggest it could also be a low-cost summer house, a cafe, office, workshop, studio or classroom.
"The simple yet effective design could help alleviate the pressures of the housing crisis on local authorities, providing temporary homes or workspaces on empty sites," said Kodasema's John O'Brien.

预制屋的自我修养,上分必备|英国小型预制住宅第3张图片

他补充说:“这种短期使用废弃土地的规划措施,未来几年都可能无法实施,尤其在伦敦地区。”

“KODA是一个节省开支的有效选择,为那些暂时无法负担高昂房价的年轻人、学生等群体提供临时出租的公寓。”

"This trend of short-term use of derelict land, which can be left untouched for years, even during the planning stages, is becoming more common, especially in London," he added.
"KODA would provide a cost-effective option to house those on the waiting list for affordable accommodation or offer temporary rental apartments for young professionals, students and those looking to downsize."

预制屋的自我修养,上分必备|英国小型预制住宅第4张图片

Koda住宅在去年首次亮相,但在英国的第一个实体是现在安装在BRE Innovation Park的研究设施,这是全方位低碳设计和可持续住房的原型展示。

Koda住宅屋顶安装了太阳能电池板,用以产生电力,内部是智能家居控制,包括报警设施、 可调 led 照明和气候控制设备。墙壁是薄真空隔热混凝土墙,具有隔音功能,并且能够根据季节调控房间温度。

四釉落地窗包裹的混凝土体块,其中包含一个位于地面层的全开放式休息室、厨房和一个夹层卧室。

卧室在厨房的上面,而卫生间就在它们后面。一个3.5 米宽的露台位于房子的前方,这是一个小型户外空间。

这款设计作品的模型将于2018年发布。

The Koda house was initially unveiled last year, but the first example in the UK is now installed on the BRE Innovation Park, a research facility in Watford where full-scale prototypes of low-carbon and sustainable housing are demonstrated.
Solar panels are mounted on the roof of the Koda house to generate power, and inside is smart-home controls including alarms, adjustable LED lighting and climate control. The walls are made from thin, vacuum-insulated concrete walls that help to keep the space warm or cool depending on the season, as well as insulating against noise.
A full-height quadruple-glazed window fronts the concrete block, which contains an open-planned lounge and kitchen at ground level and a mezzanine bedroom.
The sleeping area is set above the kitchen units, while the bathroom is located behind them. A 3.5-metre wide terrace integrated into the facade of the house ensures there is always at least a small strip of outdoor space.
A stacking model of the design will be released in 2018.

预制屋的自我修养,上分必备|英国小型预制住宅第5张图片

随着战后英国的预制建筑逐渐被拆除,Koda住宅是新一代低成本和预制住房模型之一。

Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners的两个类似项目最近在伦敦南部完成,一个是Lewisham住宅,另一个则位于Mitcham。

The Koda house is one of a new generation of affordable and prefabricated housing models, as post-war prefab estates across the UK are being threatened with demolition.
Two such schemes by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners have recently completed in south London – one providing homes in Lewisham, and another in Mitcham.


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