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360度的全方位旋转是对环境的友好敬意第1张图片

建在意大利乡村的全方位旋转住宅
Fully rotating house built in Italian countryside

由专筑网饭否,李韧编译

建筑师Roberto Rossi在意大利北部完成了一座可以旋转360度的房子。

Architect Roberto Rossi has completed a house in northern Italy that can rotate 360 degrees.

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这座八角形建筑由中央支柱平衡,可以在两个方向上机械地旋转,让使用者拥有不同角度的视野。通过旋转,让太阳能够直射房屋的太阳能电池板。

Rossi表示:“客户从一开始就要求建筑具有旋转的能力,一方面可以改变观赏景观的视角,另一方面也是因为他对机器和机械的热情。”

Balanced on a central pillar, the octagonal house can be mechanically rotated in both directions to give its owner varied views. The rotation is also used to direct the house's solar panels towards the sun.
"The ability of the house to rotate was requested by the client from the very beginning, on one hand to be able to change the point of view on the landscape, but also because of his passion for machines and mechanisms," Rossi told Dezeen.

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建筑的设计灵感来自另一座同样可以旋转的意大利房屋,Girasole别墅是由建筑师Angelo Invernizzi和Ettore Fagiuoli在20世纪30年代建造的一座实验性两层住宅,这座建筑通过中心点的圆形轨道来进行旋转。

Rossi说:“此类项目的灵感来源非常少,但我们希望重新发现Girasole别墅的别样魅力。从某种意义上说,这就像找到建筑的母题。”

The house takes cues from another Italian home that can be rotated; Villa Girasole is an experimental two-storey house built in the 1930s by architects Angelo Invernizzi and Ettore Fagiuoli, which revolves on circular tracks around a central point.
"There wasn't an existing project to take inspiration from, but we wanted to rediscovered the futuristic avant-garde appeal of Villa Girasole," said Rossi. "In a sense, it was like finding a father again."

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Rossi的建筑位于意大利里米尼市附近,由意大利建筑承包商ProTek建造。建筑师必须将建筑的自身荷载尽量减小,这样才能降低通过旋转而造成的结构损坏。

该建筑有着钢制框架,墙壁由木条、纤麻和木纤维隔热板制成。

Located near the city of Rimini, Rossi's house was constructed by Italian building contractor ProTek. The challenge was to keep the building lightweight and to allow it withstand traumas caused by its rotation.
The structure has a steel frame, with walls made of wooden strips, and insulation panels of hemp and wood fibre.

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根据建筑师的说法,这座建筑可以产生自己的能量。太阳能电池板安装在屋顶上,因此可以充分利用太阳热能。

Rossi说:“从技术角度来看,建筑通过旋转使光伏面板获得最高的效率。”

除了太阳能电池板,建筑同时还配备了热泵和太阳能热系统,它们也能产生能量。

According to the architect, the house generates all of its own energy. The solar panels are fitted on the roof, so are able to take full advantage of the sun at all times of the day.
"From the technical point of view, rotating the house helps gaining the highest efficiency from the photovoltaic panels by having the best orientation throughout the day," said Rossi.
Along with the solar panels the house is equipped with a heat pump and a solar thermal system, which also generate energy.

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Rossi的这个项目是这类型建筑的最新作品。去年,D * Haus公司在英国推出了一座旋转屋顶住宅,而美国的Anmahian Winton Architects设计的私人天文台可以通过自身的旋转从而带来不同的天空视野。

图片:ProTek

Rossi's house is the latest in a series of buildings that move. Last year the D*Haus Company revealed a house in the UK that has a swivelling top, while Anmahian Winton Architects' private observatory in the USA rotates to provide different views of the sky.
Images are courtesy of ProTek.

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出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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