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本文转载自 IMPstudio

由Solas Galway Picture Palace Teoranta公司开发,戈尔韦市议会、艺术与文化遗产部门、爱尔兰电影委员会等多个部门资助的艺术电影院耸立在爱尔兰西部城市戈尔韦中一座乔治亚时期商人的住宅庭院之中。建筑前侧重建的三层小楼立面完美重现了建筑的原貌,抛光混凝土构造而成的单侧山墙建筑如同一座门房般,把守着后侧四坡屋顶之下的放映空间。

Developed by Solas Galway Picture Palace Teoranta, with the financial assistance of Galway City Council, Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, Bord Scannan na hEireann / The Irish Film Board, the Arts Council and the Western Development Commission, the arthouse cinema is built on the plot of a Georgian merchants house and garden in Galway, in the west of Ireland. The three storey front facade of the house is remade in facsimile, resulting in a new mono pitch gable in polished concrete, a gatehouse to the stack of public rooms under a slate pyramid roof behind.

▽ 建筑外观,External view

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▽ 城市与建筑,building and the city

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450mm直径的软、硬桩相互咬合,整体浇铸形成建筑的外围结构,支撑起上层结构。主体混凝土使用了70%比例的粒化高炉矿渣粉掺合材料,可以承受40N的重量,镶嵌在金属结构外侧的混凝土则使用了50%粒化高炉矿渣粉掺合材料,桩体外覆模板胶合板,在双层挑空处尽可能现场浇筑,并对剖面进行了喷砂清理与抛光。建筑一二层的重力传导结构楼板使得结构得以上下相错,实现了前后侧墙壁的悬挑。镶嵌在金属结构外侧的混凝土则辅助承重结构力的传导,保证了整体结构在完工之前的稳定。

The structure of the building is a concrete monolith cast on perimeter secant pile wall of alternating hard and soft piles installed at 450mm centres. The concrete for the piles was 40N strength 70% GGBS with the remainder of the concrete at 50% cast in a metal pan system (with relief items set in), lined with shuttering plywood and cast where possible in double height pours, shotblasted and polished in sections.The structural scheme is a hybrid, consisting of two main transfer slabs at ground and first floor levels allowing the structure to shift, cantilevered off the front and rear walls of the cinemas. The remainder of the walls contribute to resolve the loadings with no depropping possible until the entire structure was completed.

▽ 建筑外观,External View

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建筑的窗户尺寸适中,木色的窗框粗而明显,微微前置与墙面内侧50毫米。在窗户下沿,6mm厚的镀锌钢板以45度角向外延伸,如同门槛,以同样手法处理的隔栅与门框让建筑立面更显生动。由Patrick Scott设计的玻璃窗户被渲染上红、绿或琥珀般的橙色,点缀在前后楼梯以及酒吧空间处,成为了建筑标志性的展示面。阳光透过这些以树脂染色的双层玻璃单元,将鲜亮的色彩映照在内部空间之中,而在夜晚,灯光亮起,建筑也如同城市中的一盏绚烂灯笼。

The windows are academy ratio proportioned casements, heavily framed and set 50 mm proud of the inner face of the in-situ concrete wall. A 6mm galvanised steel plate projects at 45 degrees as cill, and grilles and gates are treated similarly to animate the facade. Some windows become vitrines for either signage or display and all of the glass is to designs by Patrick Scott, in suites of red, green and amber, arranged to punctuate the front and back staircases and the bar. Painted in resin and sealed as a double glazed unit, they colour the space of the rooms and transform the building into a lantern in the city by night.

▽ 极富特色的窗户与窗檐,The heavily framed windows with galvanised steel plate as cill

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建筑功能则沿着流线分布在幕墙与放映空间之间,一系列城市阶梯空间引导这人们经过重现的门廊,走向室外前厅与售票处。不同于内部房间的结构,建筑的交通空间未经任何改动。依靠建筑南侧立面上三角形的通高天井,建筑师在茶室与二层酒吧空间实现了自然采光与通风。

The program is layered and serviced between the public rooms and the curtain wall, making a sequence of urban staircases leading from the reinstated archway to an outside foyer and ticket kiosk. The circulation through the building remains untempered, in contrast to the lined rooms within. Both tearoom and bar are daylit and naturally ventilated, the first floor bar by solar stack, a triangular full height void behind the south facade.

▽ 建筑入口,Entrance / 两座体量交接处的光井,The void between the two volumes

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内部空间以各不相同的墙面内饰渲染出各异的空间氛围,茶室中通透的玻璃镜面,酒吧中的实木面板,以及电影放映厅中则在混凝土结构上覆了红色面料、隔音棉板、铝箔衬背石膏板、保温面板四层结构。在顶层放映室,红色的面料围合了整个空间,荧幕与幕布连成一体,仅在入口台阶处微微抬升。在中间的放映厅,红色幕布层层垂坠,形成褶皱,而在底层,幕布悬挂半空,如同巨大的雨篷版覆盖着整个空间。顶层放映空间的屋顶进深略浅,当幕布拉开时阳光将倾斜而入,让空间可用作访谈、演讲或其他不同的表演空间使用。

Each room is dressed for atmosphere and the linings expressed as overlay to the concrete shell, the tearoom in glass, the bar in hardwood and the cinemas in red fabric over acoustic insulation on foil backed plasterboard on thermal insulation on the in-situ concrete structure. In the top room, where the fabric is hung in the round, the screen curtain is integrated with the lining and withdraws over the entrance staircase. In the middle room, the interior is draped in layers, and in the bottom room, the fabric slung like an awning over the space. The upper cinema has a shallow stage in the depth of the proscenium, which can be opened to daylight for interviews, lectures and other performance.

▽ 建筑内部空间,Interior spaces

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▽ 总平面图,Master Plan

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▽ 一层,1F

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▽ 地下层,-1F / 二层,2F

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▽ 三层,3F / 四层,4F

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▽ 建筑立面展开图,The unfolding facade drawing

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▽ 剖面,Section

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