网站地图关于我们

查看相册 View Gallery
新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第1张图片

Cheongun Residence / Hyundai Kim + Tectonics Lab

由专筑网李韧,杨帆编译

选址

建筑坐落于一座平缓的山坡上,能够俯瞰到附近的Bugaksan山脉,基地具有明显的首尔历史中心的现代主义特征。业主是一位退休的老教授,他想要将旧建筑拆除,然后新建一座能够唤醒古老记忆的住宅,主要用于日后的养老。

Site
Located in a calm low mountainside overlooking the Bugaksan Mountain, the site reflects both the patina and generic modernity of Gwangwhamun, the historic center in Seoul. The client, a retiring professor, and honorable scholar decided to demolish the deteriorating old house and build a new memorable home for post-retirement years.

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第2张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第3张图片
一层平面图/First Level Plan

拆除

这座老房子由业主的父亲所建造,历经50年,这里曾经是这位教授童年的游戏场所,经过深思熟虑后,这位教授决定拆除这座结构上略有缺陷的住宅。三天后,老房子的拆除工作完成,业主保留了那些古老的木地板、窗户、门板以及其他剩余物品,它们将成为永恒的记忆。

Demolition
It was not an easy decision for the client to demolish the 50-year-old house, built by her own father. The old house accrued character as a peaceful shelter and joyful childhood playground. After years of hesitation, the client decided to tear down the structurally defective house. After three days of demolition, the remains of the wood flooring, window lattice work, and door plates were transferred to the client to preserve those embedded memories.

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第4张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

设计起始阶段

在开始着手设计之前,业主为建筑师提供了几份参考草图,从比例与尺寸可以看出,这些草图并不是专业的建筑图纸,但它们表达了客户对于这座新房子的美好愿景,甚至可以从中看出客户对于老房子的怀旧之情。建筑空间并不只是建筑师意愿的表达,它承载了人们过去的记忆、当下的生活,以及明天的梦想,建筑师的工作是帮助人们来实现这些梦想。

Beginning
A few plan sketches were provided by the client at the start of the commission. The naïve unprofessional drawings, out of scale with distorted proportions, represented the subtle yet detailed thoughts about a new home filled with the nostalgia of the old house. A house is not a space for an architect’s egoistic expression, but a place for commemorating yesterday, living the present, and dreaming of tomorrow. Thus, the architect’s role seemed to impose an order on the client’s drawings with respect and honor.

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第5张图片

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第6张图片

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第7张图片

空间排布

无论传统建筑还是现代住宅,3*3的九宫格形式是建筑学中的一个基本框架,Cheongun住宅的空间结构理念就来自具有对称性和向心性的九宫格,这是一种抽象的空间概念,建筑师通过这种设计策略将抽象的概念发展为具体形式,Cheongun住宅的主要功能是居住,兼具工作室功能。因此,九宫格的核心是客厅,通过这个中央区域将其他的功能分区结合到一起,来自室外的自然光透过空隙进入室内,为居住者带来温暖的阳光与清新的空气。

Order
The nine-square grid, 3 kahn x 3 kahn in East Asia, has been a fundamental typology in architecture, both traditional and modern. The part of the Cheongun Residence was structured as nine-square grid in its spatial conception with symmetry and centricity. Conceptualized as modest but abstract ideal space, the nine-square grid diagram was developed into a concrete spatial structure with programs and functions. Cheongun Residence is planned to function both as private residence and as research institute. The parlor at the core of the nine-square grid integrates programmatic functionality with spatial spirituality. The void of the parlor continues through the mezzanine of second floor to arrive at the light well of the roof, imbuing warm natural light and tranquil air deep into the center of the residence.

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第8张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第9张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第10张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

集中组织形式

建筑的平面形式以九宫格为原型,在剖面上进一步整合空间。建筑的核心是一个类似天井的贯通区域,这使整个建筑具有向心性,其余的私人空间沿着这个核心排布,整个空间特征为集中式布局,在平面上形成向心与离心的动态平衡。厨房和底层客房是服务与被服务的空间关系,中央天井为室内的每个功能用房带来了自然的空气循环,为紧凑的空间序列带来节奏感。主卧和阅读区分别对称地排布在二层虚空区域的两侧,从而达到工作与生活之间的平衡。采光天井位于三层的中央部分,同时也是茶室的中心,因此,无论从平面还是剖面上,茶室都成为了空间的中心元素,而竖向的采光天井与横向的开窗则达到了空间上的动态平衡。

Centralized Organization
The nine-square grid was applied horizontally in plan and vertically in section as regulating geometry. The void space at the core centers an axis that compresses the public realm into the center while disseminating private space to the periphery. The spatial density is maintained in equilibrium by this centralized organization, both centripetal and centrifugal. The parlor between the kitchen area and the guest room on the ground floor maintains the balance between servant and served space. The circulation from the foyer to the rooftop tearoom occurs through the central void space, to generate rhythmic sequences compressing and releasing spatial tensions. The void on the second floor mediates between personal life and scholarly life via the symmetrical order between the master bedroom and library. The light well on the third floor is situated at the concentric center of tearoom, the centroid of the third floor plan. This tea room has a concentric square geometry in plan and section that becomes the spatial, iconographic centricity of the house. The compression of the space by the solid light well tube harmonizes with the spatial release through the horizontal windows.

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第11张图片
剖面图/Section 2

材料与形式

业主是一个致力于教育和研究的学者,对于他来说,住宅组织形式也往往代表着生活的重点与方向。因此,建筑师选择了代表平静与古典的材料作为建筑的主要构成部分。建筑外墙运用的是砖石材料,这种温暖的色调与微妙的韵律感,能够平衡种种生活气息。因此,建筑师在外墙、阳光房,以及阳台的外墙上运用了再生砖,形成了室内外的过渡与统一。

Material and Form
For a scholar dedicated to education and research, centralized organization of the house represents the essentiality and directionality of life. Concrete, calm, and enduring patina materials were selected for the central structure. Brick becomes the counterpart for the exterior cladding, balancing the tranquility with warm vitality and subtle rhythms. Recycled bricks were used as wall cladding for the exterior walls, conservatory area, and veranda to mediate the transition between exterior and interior.

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第12张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第13张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

为了表达建筑的精神层面,建筑师运用了拱元素,在入口,拱门将建筑的门厅与客厅联系起来,两个拱门增强了入口的序列感,为建筑带来平静的氛围。拱形的起居室、阳光房和阳台是花园的主要景观,从而让建筑的中心区域免受恶劣天气的影响。Cheongun住宅位于韩国首尔最具历史意义的文化保护区,很多都是具有传统风格、殖民地风格或者现代特色的建筑。拱具有象征含义,能引发人们对于传统文化记忆的共鸣。

To deal with the spiritual aspect of materiality, the arch was chosen as the conceptual and structural technique. An arch in a form of a vault guides visitors through the foyer to the parlor. At the central void of parlor and living room, two consecutive arches add a series of filters to maintain a temperate and calm atmosphere. Arches of the living room, conservatory, and veranda frame the garden landscape and protect the central space from the harsh weather. The Cheongun Residence is located in the most historic district of Seoul, which involves the paradoxical coexistence of traditional, colonial, and contemporary architectural scenes. An arch may be the metaphoric interpretation of coexistence, preserving collective memories of the neighborhood’s patinated materiality.

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第14张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

Cheongun住宅具有集中对称的特点,建筑的逻辑关系明确。建筑的北面有两个车行入口布置于两侧,这使得立面的对称性更加明显,在主入口和上方拱形窗之间是建筑的中心轴线,花园的南侧同样设置有一系列的拱形窗。建筑师通过集中式布置来强调建筑主要立面的对称性,从而让生活所需的各项功能空间更加平等与和谐。

The frontality of the Cheongun Residence arises from the centralized organization, symmetric order, and contextual relationships of the house. The north wall of the house, perceived as podium, includes the rhythmic and symmetrical placement of a canopied porch and two vehicle entrances. The symmetricity becomes obvious at the receded north elevation, with a central axis between the main entrance and the arch window of the staircase on top. The south elevation facing the main garden has a semi-symmetrical order with a series of arch windows. The frontality and symmetricity of the house is a clear manifestation of the centralized organization and proportioned programs, ultimately resulting in a state of tranquil equilibrium harmonizing the complexities and contradictions inherent in life.

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第15张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第16张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第17张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第18张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第19张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第20张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第21张图片
© Kyungsub Shin

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第22张图片

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第23张图片

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第24张图片
场地平面图/Site Plan

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第25张图片
二层平面图/Second Level Plan

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第26张图片
三层平面图/Third Level Plan

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第27张图片
剖面图/Section 1

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第28张图片
剖面图/Section 3

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第29张图片
剖面图/Sections

新建筑中的古老灵魂丨韩国Cheongun住宅第30张图片
平面图/Plans

建筑设计:Hyundai Kim, Tectonics Lab
地点:韩国,首尔
主创建筑师:Hyundai Kim (Ewha Womans University)
设计团队:Sukyung Kim, Dasom Kim
面积:313.1平方米
项目时间:2017年
摄影:Kyungsub Shin
制造商:Sehwa Brick, Eagon, Alto
结构工程设计:Millennium Structure
总承包商:Nature and Environment Inc.

Architects: Hyundai Kim, Tectonics Lab
Location: Cheongun-dong, South Korea
Architect in Charge: Hyundai Kim (Ewha Womans University)
Design Team: Sukyung Kim, Dasom Kim
Area: 313.1 m2
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: Kyungsub Shin
Manufacturers: Sehwa Brick, Eagon, Alto
Structural Engineer: Millennium Structure
General Contractor: Nature and Environment Inc.

                     
出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

【专筑网版权与免责声明】:本网站注明“来源:专筑网”的所有内容版权属专筑网所有,如需转载,请注明出处

专于设计,筑就未来

无论您身在何方;无论您作品规模大小;无论您是否已在设计等相关领域小有名气;无论您是否已成功求学、步入职业设计师队伍;只要你有想法、有创意、有能力,专筑网都愿为您提供一个展示自己的舞台

投稿邮箱:submit@iarch.cn         如何向专筑投稿?

扫描二维码即可订阅『专筑

微信号:iarch-cn

登录专筑网  |  社交账号登录:

 匿名

  • 福斯特009
  • 2017.11.15 11:25
    设计的不错,尤其是看到的效果图,可以媲美巴黎博物馆内的名画了,视觉的多个灭点也交代的不错。所以还是说,韩国的设计师在人文交流上走的还是在我们前面。虽然也仅仅是模仿。
    • 0
    没有了...
    评论加载中,请稍后!

    建筑 (8231 articles)


    居住建筑 (2589 articles)


    住宅 (2076 articles)


    韩国 (276 articles)


    首尔 (96 articles)


    2017 (557 articles)


    砖石 (44 articles)


    拱形元素 (3 articles)