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世界上最大的热带温室,你期待吗?第1张图片
© Octav Tirziu Atelier

Coldefy&Associates设计了世界上最大的单穹顶热带温室
Coldefy & Associates Design World's Largest Single-Domed Tropical Greenhouse

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

法国Coldefy&Associates建筑事务所近期展示了世界最大热带温室设计方案的效果图。该项目名叫“Tropicalia”,位于法国 Pas-de-Calais,占地215000平方英尺(20000平方米),拥有热带森林、海龟海滩、亚马逊鱼类游泳池和一公里长的步行道。这里是各种生物群落“和谐的自然天堂”,让参观者沉浸在穹顶之下的自然环境中。

French firm Coldefy & Associates has unveiled images of their design proposal for the world’s largest tropical greenhouse under one roof. Situated in Pas-de-Calais, France, “Tropicalia” will cover an area of 215,000 square feet (20,000 square meters) featuring a tropical forest, turtle beach, a pool for Amazonian fish, and a one-kilometer-long walking trail. The biome aims to offer a “harmonious haven” where visitors are immediately immersed in a seemingly natural environment under a single domed roof.

世界上最大的热带温室,你期待吗?第2张图片
Courtesy of Coldefy & Associates

Coldefy&Associates与能源公司Dalkia合作设计,该项目造价6200万美元,在温室内部创造了稳定恒温环境,其温度大约保持在26摄氏度。为了实现这一目标,建筑师采用了 Nicholas Grimshaw伊甸园项目的类似解决手法,运用结构钢结合ETFE塑料技术。

Designed in collaboration with energy company Dalkia, the $62-million Coldefy & Associate scheme aims to create a stable 26-degrees-Celsius environment within the greenhouse. To achieve this, the architects adopted a similar solution to Nicholas Grimshaw’s Eden Project, using a combination of structural steeland ETFE plastic technology.

世界上最大的热带温室,你期待吗?第3张图片
Courtesy of Coldefy & Associates

该设计将采用尺寸为200英尺x 13英尺(60米x 4米)ETFE塑料的“双穹顶”,  形成加压“缓冲垫”,让太阳光线可以透过屋顶来到下部的自然乐园中,同时控制内部的热环境。位于结构下方的第三层  ETFE将积聚由温室效应产生的热量,并将其用于热能。为了进一步提高该计划的能源效应,并将大型建筑与自然环境融为一体,建筑师将部分穹顶嵌入景观中。这些结构设施共同形成了这个能量自给自足的空间,并将能量重新分配给周围的建筑物。

The scheme will feature a “double-dome” of 200-foot x 13-foot (60-meter x 4-meter) ETFE strips forming a pressurized “cushion,” allowing UV light to pass through while controlling thermal conditions inside. A third layer of ETFE underneath the structure will accumulate heat generated by the greenhouse effect to be exploited for thermal energy. In order to further enhance the scheme’s energy performance, and to integrate the large structure with its natural surroundings, the dome will be partially embedded in the landscape. When combined, these measures create an energy-self-sufficient scheme allowing for energy to be redistributed to surrounding buildings.

世界上最大的热带温室,你期待吗?第4张图片
Courtesy of Coldefy & Associates

“这个双层保温穹顶将在夏季保护热带生态系统,在冬季保持其温度。部分隐藏的温室则更能加强保温效果。因此,该建筑系统可以直接使用多余的热量,用来存储或分配给周边建筑,它不仅是私人供热网络,也是‘智能电网’。”项目技术总监Denis Bobillier说。

穹顶形成的环境条件为下方的“热带绿洲”带来了更多可能。游客可以沿着一条长达一公里的道路行走,然后会看到一个82英尺(25米)高的瀑布、82英尺(25米)长的锦鲤水池,还有一个满是亚马逊鱼类的水池,这个水池的规模尺寸与奥运会场馆相当,其中一些鱼甚至长达3米。游客可以通过玻璃表面欣赏这些鱼,或者在平台或浮桥上欣赏它们。

“This double insulating dome will protect the tropical ecosystem in summer and maintain its temperature in winter. The partial burial of the greenhouse will reinforce this insulation. The excess heat can therefore be directly used, stored or redistributed to our neighbors as part of a network of private heat or a "smartgrid."
- Denis Bobillier, Technical Director of Major Projects, Dalkia”

The environmental conditions created by the dome allow for an “exceptional oasis for tropical flora and fauna” beneath. Visitors are led along a kilometer-long path, encountering an 82-foot-high (25-meter-high) waterfall, 82-foot-long (25-meter-long) “tactile pool” filled with koi carp, and an Olympic-sized pool filled with Amazonian fish, some growing up to 3 meters in length. Visitors can experience these fish through an aquarium-style glass surface, or more daringly, via a platform and pontoon.
  
世界上最大的热带温室,你期待吗?第5张图片
Courtesy of Coldefy & Associates

世界上最大的热带温室,你期待吗?第6张图片
Courtesy of Coldefy & Associates

为了配合热带环境,该项目还包含礼堂、酒吧、餐厅、住宿、早餐区域,以及国家和国际合作的科学区、会议室、实验室和诊所。预计在该项目开业后,每年将吸引50万名游客。

Tropicalia将于2019年开始建设,计划于2021年开放。

To accompany the tropical environment, Tropicalia will contain an auditorium, bar/restaurant, bed and breakfast, and a scientific area dedicated to national and international collaboration, containing a conference room, laboratory, and clinic. When opened, the scheme is expected to attract 500,000 visitors per year.
Tropicalia is due to begin construction in 2019, with a planned opening in 2021.
News via: Coldefy & Associates


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