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地标的改造:新定位,新发展|伦敦胡佛大楼改造第1张图片

Interrobang将伦敦具有里程碑意义的胡佛大楼改造为公寓
Interrobang converts London's landmark Hoover Building into apartments

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

英国工作室Interrobang将伦敦西部的胡佛(Hoover)大楼改造成66间房间的公寓楼,保留了许多原有建筑的原创装饰艺术特色。

UK studio Interrobang has transformed the Hoover Building in west London into 66 apartments that retain many of the former factory's original art-deco features.

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该遗产保护建筑由Wallis、Gilbert&Partners于1931年设计,并开始成为胡佛(Hoover)公司的英国总部、生产工厂和维修中心。

在20世纪30年代的鼎盛时期,有1600多名工人同时工作,因为良好的工人福利,它被外界视为模范工厂。

The heritage-listed building was designed by Wallis, Gilbert & Partners in 1931, and began life as the UK headquarters, manufacturing plant and repairs centre for the Hoover Company.
During its heyday in the 1930s 1,600 people were employed at the site, which was considered a model factory with regards to worker welfare.

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它的独特风格和位于西大街的显著地理位置,使其成为伦敦的地标。

20世纪80年代,胡佛公司在这里停止生产真空吸尘器,并于1989年由超市品牌Tesco收购,用于商业和办公用途。

Its distinctive styling and prominent location on Western Avenue has made it a landmark for millions of people driving in and out of London along this arterial route.
The Hoover Company ceased production of vacuum cleaners at the site in the 1980s, and the building was acquired in 1989 by supermarket brand Tesco for commercial and office use.

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这座建筑的北部被拆除,为一家超市提供空间,其主楼进行了修缮和翻新工作,创造了办公空间。

十多年来,建筑的大部分区域已经停止使用,并于2015年被物业服务公司IDM Properties购买,后来将其改造为住宅。

The northern parts of the site were demolished to make way for a supermarket and the main building was repaired and refurbished to create office space.
For more than a decade, the majority of the building was disused before it was purchased in 2015 by property service company IDM Properties with the intention of converting it to residential accommodation.

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由建筑师Maria Smith和工程师Steve Webb、Andy Yates领导的伦敦Interrobang工作室,受到业主邀请,将这栋大楼改造成公寓建筑,其中有工作室,也有三室住宅单元。

该工作室负责人表示:“全面翻新的重点在于对传统元素的保留,并且再结合新构件,不仅要求尽可能地增加室内功能房间,同时减少附加的结构重量。”

London studio Interrobang, which is headed up by architect Maria Smith and engineers Steve Webb and Andy Yates, was invited to oversee the sympathetic conversion of the building into dwellings ranging from studio apartments to three-bedroom homes.
"The comprehensive renovation focused on a careful conservation of the historic fabric and insertion of a new timber structure designed to minimise the increase in weight while maximising the number of new homes that could be created," said the studio.

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Interrobang工作室的主要策略是在现有的楼板之间引入额外的楼层,这需要在原来的通高楼层中添加一个全新的木结构夹层。

隐藏在墙壁中的预制木材桁架支撑着新增的地面与屋顶的荷载,形成14个双层公寓,使用者可以通过公寓外部的通高窗户看向室外。

One of Interrobang's key interventions was the introduction of extra levels between the existing floor slabs, which required the construction of a new timber-framed mezzanine within the original double-height ground floor.
Prefabricated timber trusses hidden in walls help to support the new floors and roof, creating space for 14 maisonettes that look out through the restored triple-height Crittall windows.

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原有的楼梯通向一楼的21个单元,同时在二楼也有31个单元。另外在新阁楼中还设置有12个单元,这个阁楼取代了原有的纤维水泥和钢屋顶。

The original sweeping staircase leads to 21 flats on the first floor, with the remaining 31 properties accessed from the second floor. These include 12 apartments inserted into a new loft that replaces the old fibre-cement and steel roof.

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每间阁楼公寓都有自己的螺旋楼梯入口,并配有大型屋顶灯,室内充满了自然光线。

新屋顶的建设包括设计预制木材桁架、A型框架和屋顶,这些元素与现有的混凝土柱和楼板相结合,这样能够强化原有结构。

Each of the loft apartments has its own spiral stair entrance and features large roof lights that fill the interiors with natural light.
The construction of the new roof involved designing prefabricated timber trusses, A-frames and roof cassettes that slot in on top of the existing slender concrete columns and floor slabs to avoid the need to strengthen the original structure.

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许多室内装饰的原始艺术特色被保留下来,其中包括带锻铁扶手的豪华楼梯、大堂的水磨石地板以及走廊使用的配色方案。

摄影:Morley von Sternberg

Many of the interior's original art deco features have been retained and restored, including grand staircases with wrought-iron bannisters, terrazzo flooring in the lobby and the colour scheme used in the corridors.
Photography is by Morley von Sternberg.

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项目信息:建筑、结构及土木工程:Interrobang (Niall Carville, Matthew Dalziel, Jamy Dipnarinesingh, Kristian Fitzgerald, Oliver Kindervater, Alex Lynes, Boris Ma, Maria Smith, Sam Turner, Steve Webb, Anna Webster, Tom Webster)
机电工程:Oakley M&E
声学技术:Sound Advice
交通顾问:Ardent Consulting
建筑管理:Assent Building Control
防火工程:Omega Fire Engineering
照明设计:Swann Lighting
承包商:IDM Construction

Project credits:
Architecture, Structural and Civil Engineering: Interrobang (Niall Carville, Matthew Dalziel, Jamy Dipnarinesingh, Kristian Fitzgerald, Oliver Kindervater, Alex Lynes, Boris Ma, Maria Smith, Sam Turner, Steve Webb, Anna Webster, Tom Webster)
M&E: Oakley M&E
Acoustics: Sound Advice
Transport consultant: Ardent Consulting
Building control: Assent Building Control
Fire engineer: Omega Fire Engineering
Lighting design: Swann Lighting
Contractor: IDM Construction


出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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