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剧院容纳着这座城市,承载着夜晚的光第1张图片

美国George S. and Dolores Doré Eccles 剧院
George S. and Dolores Doré Eccles Theater / Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects

由专筑网邢子,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。George S. and Dolores Doré Eccles剧院最开始是Pelli Clarke Pelli建筑事务所为美国盐湖城所进行的整体规划的项目之一。盐湖城重建机构(Redevelopment Agency of Salt Lake City)和私人开发商等多个利益相关方都参与了该地区的开发,其中包括在该街区设立航权办公楼以及表演艺术中心。

Text description provided by the architects. The George S. and Dolores Doré Eccles Theater began as an urban master plan designed by Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects for an entire city block in Salt Lake City. Multiple stakeholders, the Redevelopment Agency of Salt Lake City, and private developers were involved in enhancing the development of the area, which included placing an air rights office tower and a performing arts center on the same block.

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在盐湖城,街区平均尺寸约为660'x660',而在纽约市,街区短边则为265'。因此,在保持城市完整性的同时,还要发展城市的连通性,并且创造活跃的内外空间来吸引人群,这对该项目来说是很大的挑战。

In Salt Lake City, blocks average around 660’x660’—in New York City, the short side of the blocks average 265’. This provided a critical challenge in developing connectivity and the creation of active exterior and interior public spaces to invite pedestrians inward while maintaining the integrity of the city.

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总体规划完成后,拥有2,500个座位的George S. and Dolores Doré Eccles剧院是城市表演艺术中心,来歌颂盐湖城的建筑设计以及犹他州的景观和天空。如按照夏洛特、辛辛那提、代顿、芝加哥和麦迪逊等其他PCPA项目的传统,即每个建筑都具有里程碑式的标志性,这就要求建筑需要融入城市的肌理,设计师还要巧妙地结合周边城市的特色。

After the completion of the master plan, the 2,500-seat, state-of-the-art George S. and Dolores Doré Eccles Theater was designed as an urban performing arts center, celebrating the architecture of Salt Lake City and the landscapes and skies of Utah. In the tradition of other PCPA projects in cities like Charlotte, Cincinnati, Dayton, Chicago, and Madison. Each of these buildings is characterized by the need to create an important landmark identity and, most importantly, to enhance and fit into the city’s fabric. This challenges the designers to address the technical and architectural demands of a performing arts center while elegantly contributing to the character of the surrounding city.

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该建筑的前侧突出有两个体量,它们和而不同,从街道上,游客进入剧院大厅/冬季花园。剧院主要的玻璃沿街立面呼应了盐湖城的建筑元素。大型L形石灰石框架是盐湖城著名建筑物中使用的材料,同时区别了表演艺术中心和上方的办公大楼,又使得二者有机统一,较小的框架则形成了辉煌通透的大堂——冬季花园。

The building has two major parallel “fronts” of differing but related character. From Main Street, visitors enter the theater lobby/winter garden, which has the ability open up to the street. The theater’s primarily glass Main Street façade recalls the architectural elements of Salt Lake City architecture. A large L-shaped frame of limestone, a material used in prominent Salt Lake City buildings, simultaneously separates and unifies the performing arts center and the office tower above it. A smaller frame defines the glowing and transparent lobby winter garden.

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剧院容纳着这座城市,承载着夜晚的光第7张图片

摄政街(Regent Street)立面比起主街(Main Street)则更为随意。零售商店、排练室大厅以及环球免税店环绕入口门厅而排布,位于大楼南端的摄政街广场(Regent Street Plaza)兼作装载区和活动空间。黑色的屏幕在公共空间和大厅上投影画面。该空间功能灵活,可以举办派对、表演、展览以及发挥其他公共职能。

The Regent Street façade is more casual than its Main Street counterpart. Retail shops, the rehearsal room lobby, and the entrance to the Galleria surround the stage door, which would normally be concealed from view. On the south end of the building is the Regent Street Plaza, which doubles as a loading area and event space. The acoustically-glazed black box theater projects over the public space and the large loading gates. This functional space during loading and unloading converts to a lively event space at all other times, hosting parties, performances, farmer’s markets, and other public functions.

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综合大楼的核心是位于主街沿街面大厅的大型舞台剧院,可容纳摄政街外的后台和其他辅助空间。这使得高大的大厅空间在街上非常醒目,造就了一种活泼的城市风采。特定场地的公共艺术品有助于激活空间。剧院本身呼应犹他州的梯田景观,它由暖色面板、金色穿孔金属以及星光灯具组成,天花板看起来像夜晚的天空,在黑暗中悬挂着小小的星形灯光,声学材料隐藏了上方的舞台灯具和机械设备。

At the heart of the complex is the large proscenium theater residing off the main street lobby, which allows for accommodation of the backstage and other support spaces off Regent Street. This makes the tall lobby space highly visible to the street, creating an active urban presence. Site specific public artwork helps to energize the space. The theater itself recalls the terraced Utah landscape, a composition of warm colored panels, gold-toned perforated metal, and points of light that make the space sparkle. The ceiling looks like the night sky with tiny, star-like lights seemingly suspended in dark, acoustic material that conceals the banks of stage lighting and mechanical equipment above.

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建筑事务所:Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects
项目地点:美国,盐湖城
主创建筑师:Cesar Pelli, Fred Clarke, Mitch Hirsch
面积:185000.0 平方英尺(约17187平方米)
项目时间:2016 年
摄影:Jeff Goldberg / ESTO
制造商:Kawneer
合作事务所:HKS Architects, Inc.
结构工程师:Thornton Tomasetti, Reavely Engineers
MEP工程设计:Buro Happold, BNA Consulting Engineers, Van Boerum & Frank Associates, Inc.
声学设计:Jaffe Holden
剧院策划师:Fisher Dachs Associates
灯光设计:CBBLD, BNA Consulting Engineers
景观建筑:MGB+A The Grassli Group
高级设计负责人:Fred Clarke, FAIA, RIBA, JIA
设计负责主管:Mitchell Hirsch, AIA, LEED AP
设计组长:Gina Narracci, AIA
设计师:Carl Cornilsen
客户:Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County

Architects: Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects
Location: Salt Lake City, UT, United States
Architects in Charge: Cesar Pelli, Fred Clarke, Mitch Hirsch
Area: 185000.0 ft2
Project Year: 2016
Photographs: Jeff Goldberg / ESTO
Manufacturers: Kawneer
Associate Architect: HKS Architects, Inc.
Structural Engineer: Thornton Tomasetti, Reavely Engineers
MEP Engineering: Buro Happold, BNA Consulting Engineers, Van Boerum & Frank Associates, Inc.
Acoustic Design: Jaffe Holden
Theater Planner: Fisher Dachs Associates
Lighting Design: CBBLD, BNA Consulting Engineers
Landscape Architecture: MGB+A The Grassli Group
Senior Design Principal: Fred Clarke, FAIA, RIBA, JIA
Design Principal in Charge: Mitchell Hirsch, AIA, LEED AP
Design Team Leader: Gina Narracci, AIA
Designer: Carl Cornilsen
Client: Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County

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