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这座教堂真的可以颠覆你对教堂的印象!第1张图片

Hugo Correia在葡萄牙建造椭圆形混凝土教堂
Hugo Correia creates elliptical concrete church in Portugal

由专筑网王帅,李韧编译

这座椭圆形的教堂位于葡萄牙Vila Nova de Famalicão小镇,它的环型造型代表着耶稣的荆棘冠。

建筑师Hugo Correia设计了San Tiago de Antas教堂,人们在这里可以俯瞰葡萄牙北部布拉加(Braga)地区的城镇和树木茂密的乡村。

This oval-shaped church in the Portuguese town of Vila Nova de Famalicão is surrounded by rings referencing the crown of thorns placed on Jesus' head.
Architect Hugo Correia designed the Church of San Tiago de Antas for a site overlooking the town and the wooded countryside of the Braga district in northern Portugal.

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建筑师说,教堂很好地融入周边环境,在它周围还有一座具有历史意义的罗马教堂,以及太平间礼拜堂和墓地。

建筑师在设计之初充分考虑了当地的历史、地方社区关系与其信仰的关系。建筑师设计了一座不高的椭圆形建筑,目的是降低建筑对周边环境的影响。

According to the architect the church is carefully integrated into the surrounding environment, which includes a historically significant Romanesque church, a mortuary chapel and a cemetery.
The architect also considered the area's history and the local community's relationship with its faith when developing the design. The result is a relatively simple volume with a low-key expression intended to minimise its impact on the setting.

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这座两层建筑在一楼设置了供教徒使用的主大厅,而地下室则是文化和教育设施。

建筑被弯曲的混凝土结构所装饰,微妙地暗示了它的宗教含义。其中最值得注意的是环绕外部的联锁纽带,在表面形成独特的浮雕。

The two-storey building accommodates the main hall used by the congregation on the ground floor, with additional facilities for cultural and educational use housed in a basement level.
The curving concrete structure is embellished with details that subtly hint at its religious programme. The most notable of these are the interlocking bands that wrap around the exterior to give the surfaces a distinctive relief.

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Correia解释说:“这个项目具有巨大的象征意义,其中几个仪式元素主要用于表达其故事性。”

“教堂的椭圆形来源于圣杯和激情的十字架,周围环绕的联锁纽带象征着荆棘冠,这是耶稣受难期间罗马人对他使用的酷刑工具。”

建筑主入口由四部分组成,它们之间的空隙形成了十字架的形状。

"The project incorporates a vast symbolic significance, since several liturgical elements are present in order to create a narrative," Correia explained.
"The elliptical form of the church emerges from the chalice and cross of passion, and the rings surrounding the temple symbolise the crown of thorns, an instrument of torture used by the Romans during the crucifixion of Jesus."
A huge steel door at the main entrance is formed from four segments that create the shape of a cross in the voids between them.

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下面两块面板之间有着巨大的缝隙,人们可以看到祭坛后面的背光十字。

内殿的木地板上也有一条用大理石形成的红白线,它们沿着祭坛的两侧向外延伸,穿过正门一直到达外面的草地上。

The lower two panels pivot to create a large opening with a view towards a backlit cross behind the altar.
The wooden floor of the nave also incorporates a pair of red and white lines picked out in marble that extend from either side of the altar towards the main entrance and out onto the landscaped grounds.

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这座教堂真的可以颠覆你对教堂的印象!第9张图片

建筑师补充说:“其中一条线代表约旦河,这是基督洗礼的地方,它将教堂外部连接到领洗池,然后延伸到主祭坛。”

“另一条线代表来自St. James之剑的血液,它从外面连接到讲坛,神父在那里宣读经文。”

"One of the lines represents the Jordan River, the place of Christ's baptisms, connecting the exterior of the church to the baptismal font and then to the main altarpiece," the architect added.
"The other represents the blood coming from the sword of St. James, and connects from the outside to the pulpit where the readings of the sacred texts are made."

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教堂内部遵循了外部的弯曲特征,同时白色的墙壁很少有开口,这在内部形成宁静且严肃的环境。

内部的照明主要来源于隐秘的天窗,自然光穿过墙壁和天花板,形成扩散光线,让整座教堂笼罩在平静的气氛之下。

The interior of the nave follows the curving form of the exterior and features bare white walls with very few openings that contribute to a serene and austere environment.
Illumination is provided by concealed skylights which allow natural light to wash across the walls and ceiling, resulting in a diffused light that contributes to the tranquil mood.

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圣坛的两旁是一对装饰着St. James和Our Lady of Conception图案的面板,它们由陶瓷马赛克制成,凸显了上面的金银叶肌理。

这些面板是内部唯一的装饰,项目团队还设计了小型条凳式座位等家具。

今年早些时候,阿尔瓦•西扎在布列塔尼(Brittany,法国西北部一地区)设计了一座混凝土白色教堂,而位于布尔诺(Brno,捷克斯洛伐克中部城市)的Atelier Štěpán工作室于2017年在捷克共和国设计建造了一座圆柱形教堂。

摄影: João Morgado

The altar is flanked by a pair of panels decorated with images of St. James and Our Lady of Conception, which are made from a ceramic mosaic with highlight in gold and silver leaf.
These panels are the only instances of ornamentation throughout the pared-back interior, which also features minimal wooden pews and furniture designed by the project team.
Earlier this year álvaro Siza completed a white-concrete church in Brittany, while Brno-based studio Atelier Štěpán created a cylindrical church in the Czech Republic in 2017.
Photography is by João Morgado.

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