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小场地也有大作为,通风、景观样样OK第1张图片


伦敦Benbow 庭院
Benbow Yard / FORMstudio

由专筑网王沛儒,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:FORMstudio最新完成的项目位于英国伦敦,是对伦敦市长政策的响应,解决了伦敦小型场地再利用问题。

Text description provided by the architects. FORMstudio’s latest completed project is a response to the Mayor of London’s Policy to optimise the re-use of small sites across London.

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FORMstudio的主管Malcolm Crayton说:“GLA在伦敦的新规划草案中呼吁将重点放在小型项目中,这些项目虽然小,但却发挥着更大作用。我们鼓励自治市通过规划决策和计划制定,积极支持在小地块上设计良好的新住宅,显著提高小地块的利用率,满足伦敦的住房需求,而Benbow庭院项目则是对这一政策的完美呼应。”

Malcolm Crayton, Director at FORMstudio comments: “The GLA’s draft New London Plan calls for an increased focus on small sites, which need to play a much greater role in housing delivery. Boroughs are encouraged to pro-actively support well-designed new homes on small sites through both planning decisions and plan-making in order to significantly increase the way in which challenging small sites can meet London’s housing needs – Benbow Yard is a perfect response to this policy.”

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FORMstudio在伦敦南沃克区设计的四合院,坐落在紧凑、不规则的地块上,这里曾经是一家金属工厂。这个具有挑战性的场地有入口过于狭窄、视野和采光不佳等问题,这些限制直接决定了这座两层三卧室家庭住宅的形式和开窗。

FORMstudio’s newly completed courtyard houses in the London Borough of Southwark are located on a tight, irregular brownfield plot, previously occupied by a metalworks. The challenging site had narrow access, outlook and daylight issues, and these constraints have directly determined the form and fenestration of the pair of new-build, 2-storey, 3-bedroom family houses.

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为了减轻视觉冲击,这些建筑呈桶拱形和地形相融合。

The houses, with their barrel-vaulted profile, are semi-submerged in order to mitigate visual impact.

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在东侧,现有建筑的露台接近场地边界接近,一楼也向后倾斜,形成开阔的屋顶景观平台,这在两座建筑之间形成额外的光线和迷人的景色。窗户朝向南方,充分利用外部景观,同时使自然光最大化利用,并且避免俯瞰视野,起居空间位于较低的楼层,通向私人庭院。

On the East side, where the boundary is closest to the existing terrace of houses, the first floor is also set back, creating an extensive sedum roof, which provides additional light and an attractive outlook between the two structures. Windows are orientated to the south to take advantage of unrestricted views, maximising natural light and avoiding overlooking, with living spaces at the lowered level opening onto private courtyards.

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底层采用了现代白砖,上部桶状拱顶层采用锌衬层覆层,这些材料参考了场地的原有工业建筑,但通过精致的细节层次连接,让材质和空间更加融洽。

The ground floors are clad in a contemporary pale brick with the upper barrel-vaulted storeys finished in zinc standing-seam cladding: materials which reference the industrial heritage of the site but are articulated with a refined level of detailing to create a sense of substance and quality.

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精心设计的建筑朝向使室内充满自然光,尽管场地受到严格限制,但这也是FORMstudio作品的一大亮点,即强调内外空间的微妙流动。住宅受益于丰富的景观,有着意想不到的开阔视野。

Careful orientation results in interior spaces that are flooded with natural light, despite the tight site constraints and – characteristic of FORMstudio’s portfolio – there is a subtle emphasis on spatial flow both internally and externally: the houses benefit from imaginative landscaping which provides unexpected and generous views.

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建筑设计:FORMstudio
地点:英国,伦敦
主创建筑师:FORMstudio
景观设计:Indigo
低碳咨询:Gecko
客户:Grangewalk发展有限公司
面积:240.0平方米
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Bruce Hemming
制造商:VMZINC, DuPont, Wienerberger, Stovax, Sunflex, STR, Olsen, Marziale

Architects: FORMstudio
Location: London Borough of Southwark, United Kingdom
Lead Architects: FORMstudio
Landscape Architects: Indigo
Low Carbon Consultancy: Gecko
Client: Grangewalk Developments Ltd
Area: 240.0 m2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Bruce Hemming
Manufacturers: VMZINC, DuPont, Wienerberger, Stovax, Sunflex, STR, Olsen, Marziale

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