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对后现代建筑的威胁会抹去“建筑历史上的一章”第1张图片

Threat to Pomo buildings could wipe out "whole chapter of architectural history"

由专筑网Yumi,韩平编译

英国后现代建筑的重要实例正在遭到威胁,这引起遗产保护小组“二十世纪学会”的重视,因此他们本周将举行会议,希望发动更广泛的运动来保护它们。

“我们不能做到保护每一栋后现代主义建筑,甚至在保护最好的典型建筑上,我们也做的不够好,”‘二十世纪学会’的领导Catherine Croft告诉Dezeen。

“我们可能会失去了建筑历史上的一整章,”她说。

在伦敦,著名的后现代建筑最近已经进行了改建,尽管为了保护它们,我们进行了强烈的运动,还是明显地改变了它们的外墙,或完全拆除它们。

Important examples of Postmodern architecture in the UK are under threat, warns heritage campaign group the Twentieth Century Society, which is holding a conference this weekend to kickstart a wider movement to protect them.
"We are not managing to get any Postmodern buildings listed and we're not doing very well at conserving even the very best examples," Twentieth Century Society director Catherine Croft told Dezeen.
"We might lose a whole chapter of architectural history," she said.
Prominent Postmodern buildings in London have recently been subjected to alterations that have significantly changed their facades, or have been demolished completely despite strong campaigns for their protection.

对后现代建筑的威胁会抹去“建筑历史上的一章”第2张图片

No 1 Poultry是建筑师James Stirling最后完成的建筑,也是后现代主义的标志,成了去年的一场保护战的焦点。在吸取了世界上最著名的建筑师们的一系列建议后,他们提出改变它的立面设想。

Terry Farrell在1982年的Camden设计了同样具有标志性的电视工作室,在后来的翻新中,它也被去除了后现代的细节。在上世纪80年代,Arup Associates 和Peter Foggo设计的部分Broadgate开发区最近被拆除,给Ken Shuttleworth的公司Make的新办公大楼腾出地方。

“像在伦敦这样的城市,很多最好的后现代建筑是商业建筑,因此对于重新开发有巨大的压力,”Croft说。“在它们的受欢迎程度处于低潮期时,它们将会被推倒。”

“Fenchurch 街道上的Terry Farrell银行已经被替换掉了,”她说。“我们已经失去了部分的Broadgate,失去了Ian Pollard在Warwick路上设计的美妙的Homebase和Marco Polo住宅,这些后现代商业建筑代表都面临着被拆除的威胁。”

有方案表明要改变Terry Farrell在Covent花园Seven Dials设计的ComynChing三角大楼,该组织正在与这个方案抗争。

“有很多这样的传统建筑,尤其是大多数的传统商业建筑,它们的立面是真正重要的,”Croft说。“它们不是有很多复杂内饰的建筑物,如果你修整了它们的立面,几乎什么都没有留下了。”

No 1 Poultry, the last completed building by architect James Stirling and a Postmodern icon, became the focus of a preservation battle last year involving some of the world's best-known architects after a series of proposals were put forward to alter its facade.
Terry Farrell's equally iconic 1982 TV-am studios in Camden was stripped of its Postmodern details in later renovations. Parts of the 1980s Broadgate development by Arup Associates and Peter Foggo, were recently demolished to make way for a new office building by Ken Shuttleworth's firm Make.
"A lot of the best Postmodern buildings are commercial buildings in areas like the City of London where there's enormous pressure for redevelopment," said Croft. "They're being knocked down at a point where they're at the extreme low ebb of their popularity."
"The Terry Farrell bank on Fenchurch Street has been altered," she said. "We've lost part of Broadgate, we've lost Ian Pollard's amazing Homebase on Warwick Road, and Marco Polo House, which epitomises the most commercial side of Pomo architecture, was demolished."
The organisation is currently fighting proposals to alter Terry Farrell's ComynChing Triangle building in Seven Dials, Covent Garden.
"With a lot of these buildings, particularly the more commercial ones, their facades is what really matters," said Croft. "They aren't buildings that have very complicated interiors. If you cosmetically alter the facades you haven't got much left."

对后现代建筑的威胁会抹去“建筑历史上的一章”第3张图片

后现代主义,它始于上世纪70年代末,在80年代和90年代初步达到了狂热的程度,是一个最具争议的建筑风格,它倡导装饰、矛盾和实验。

“二十世纪学会”呼吁保存和保护英国20世纪的建筑。在现代主义和野兽派建筑被认为是过时和有争议的时候,他们帮助保留了一大批关键的建筑。在2016年的5月21日星期六,他们在威斯敏斯特大学组织了为期一天的后现代主义会议,将发布一份应该受到政府保护的前十的案例的名单。

Postmodernism, which began in the late 1970s, reaching fever pitch in the 1980s and early 1990s, is one of the most divisive architectural styles, championing ornamentation, contradiction and experimentation.
The Twentieth Century Society campaigns for the preservation and protection of 20th-century-architecture across the UK, and helped save a number of key Modernist and Brutalist buildings when they were considered unfashionable and problematic.
It is organising a one-day Postmodernism conference on Saturday 21 May2016 from 10am to 5pm at the University of Westminster, and will publish a list of the top 10 examples that it believes should be protected by the government.

对后现代建筑的威胁会抹去“建筑历史上的一章”第4张图片

本次会议将聚集支持后现代主义的建筑史学家和学者,包括建筑师 Terry Farrell、Piers Gough、Charles Holland和评论家Charles Jencks, 启动会议的目的是把后现代主义作为一种运动更广泛地研究它。

Croft 说,如果学者和评论家开始更广泛地讨论后现代主义,她希望能潜移默化地改变公众对后现代建筑的看法。

最近大家对于后现代的兴趣开始复兴,产生了设计和相关的分支。例如Memphis,这可能是品味开始转向的一个迹象。但是Croft警告说,对于后现代建筑一些很优秀的例子,一切来的也许太晚了。

“在推进现代主义建筑方面,一旦宜家开始为非常广泛的人群制造现代主义家具,对于要列出建筑名单的部长来说,这就变得没那么可怕了,因为它成为公认的文化规范的一部分,” Croft说。

“我们正在等待人们品味的重新循环,直到他们开始重新欣赏后现代主义为止,一个伟大的机会就会来临,糟糕的时期将会远离。”

The conference will bring together architectural historians and academics with some of Postmodernism's proponents, including architects Terry Farrell, Piers Gough, and Charles Holland, and critic Charles Jencks, with the aim of kickstarting a wider study of Postmodernism as a movement.
Croft said that she hoped that there would be a trickle-down effect to the public if academics and critics began discussing Postmodernism more broadly.
A recent revival of interest in Postmodern product and fashion design and associated offshoots, like Memphis, could be a sign that tastes might be starting to shift. But Croft warned that it might come too late for some of the most prominent examples of Postmodern architecture.
"In terms of promoting Modernist architecture, once Ikea got going on producing Modernist-inspired furniture for a very broad sweep of the population, it became much less scary for ministers to list buildings because it became very much part of an accepted cultural norm," said Croft.
"We're waiting for the cycle of taste to come round again, but by the time that people beginreappreciating Postmodernism there's a great chance that an awful lot of it will have gone."


出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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