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White Arkitekter建筑事务所获得了法罗群岛住宅竞赛的胜利第1张图片

White Arkitekter wins housing design contest for the Faroe Islands

由专筑网韩平,Vigo编译

瑞典White Arkitekter建筑事务所在法罗群岛无人坡地可持续住宅项目设计竞赛中获胜。

White Arkitekter是北欧竖向城市竞赛的冠军,该竞赛要求参赛者在丹麦法罗群岛鲁纳维克陡峭的坡地上建造家庭住宅。

Swedish firm White Arkitekter has won a competition to design a sustainable housing development on a sloped, uninhabited hillside in the Faroe Islands.
White Arkitekter is the winner of the Vertical Challenge category in the Nordic Built Cities competition, which asked entrants to design family homes for the steep terrain of Runavik in the Faroe Islands – an archipelago that forms part of Denmark.

White Arkitekter建筑事务所获得了法罗群岛住宅竞赛的胜利第2张图片

法罗群岛位于北大西洋冰岛、苏格兰及挪威之间,主要由18座岩石岛屿组成,这里地形陡峭、风力强劲还有丰富的地热能,因此对建筑师来说,有很多挑战。

获胜方案是由建筑师Morten Vedelsbøl 和 Mikkel Thams Olsen提出的名为“鲁纳维克之眼”的方案。该方案包括五个眼睛形状的单元,住宅单元提供100间可以俯瞰整个峡湾及群岛的独立住宅。

Located between Iceland, Scotland and Norway in the North Atlantic Ocean, it comprises 18 rocky islands and features steep terrains, strong winds and geothermal heat, so offers plenty of challenges for architects.
Entitled The Eyes of Runavik, the winning proposal by architects Morten Vedelsbøl and Mikkel Thams Olsen includes five "eye-shaped" blocks, providing 100 homes with views over the fjords and the islands.

White Arkitekter建筑事务所获得了法罗群岛住宅竞赛的胜利第3张图片

该三层住宅建筑采用了坡型屋顶来模仿斜坡地形。每个住宅单元都采用雪松版饰面,并构想成一个环形自适应住宅单元,同时也形成自己的微气候,这有助于阻挡盛行风向,便于蔬菜种植。

这参考了传统农场的形制,开放的草地可用作夏季放牧,可耕作的土地可用来种植庄稼。另外,它也居住者打造了一个隐世的户外社交场所。

“从大西洋、峡湾以及陡峭山地呼啸而来的海风是这里可以持续利用的自然资源,”Vedelsbøl说。

The three-storey buildings are designed with angled green roofs that mimic the sloping terrain.
Each cedar-clad block is envisioned as a self-contained ring-shaped settlement with its own microclimate, making it possible to grow vegetables and other crops while protected from the prevailing winds.
This references historical farming methods where an open meadow would be used for summer grazing and cultivated land would be used for growing crops. It also creates a secluded outdoor social space for residents.
"The wind is an omnipresent natural force lashing the Faroe Islands from the open ocean, the narrow fjords and the steep mountainsides," said Vedelsbøl.

White Arkitekter建筑事务所获得了法罗群岛住宅竞赛的胜利第4张图片

“传统上,住宅为住户提供给可供社交的室内场所。我们的方案也创建了可以阻挡极端天气的社交区域。”

竞赛评审团称赞这个方案为“结合了鲁纳维克传统建筑展开的住宅新思考”。

“最小化影响从理解环境、适应环境,最大化利用环境开始,”Vedelsbøl说。“我们反问自己——怎样我们才能在这样一个陡峭的坡地以及严酷的环境中创建一个住宅微环境呢?”

“我们决定将这些挑战转化成我们的工具以及统一的身份标识。”

"Traditionally, this has kept residents indoors when they want to socialise. Our proposal creates protected social areas which are sheltered from the rough weather."
The scheme was praised by the competition jury for "creating new thinking in relation to traditional construction in Runavik".
"Minimal impact starts with understanding the conditions, accepting them and making the most out of them," said Vedelsbøl. "We asked ourselves - how can we create an environment on such a steep slope and in such harsh weather conditions?"
"We decided to transform those challenges into our tools and identity markers."

White Arkitekter建筑事务所获得了法罗群岛住宅竞赛的胜利第5张图片
模型照片由Signe Find Larsen/Model photograph by Signe Find Larsen

该方案整合了被动可持续原则以及可循环能源,所以此次开发应该对环境产生最小的影响。

该竞赛是北欧建筑项目的一部分,该项目旨在加快五个北欧国家(丹麦、挪威、瑞典、冰岛和芬兰)可持续建筑的开发。

北欧建筑项目共有六项竞赛,都旨在解决不同北欧地区的挑战。其他的设计包括为瑞典设计可负担的环境智能的住宅,挪威交通港的改建及丹麦公园的翻新。

这六项获胜方案都在今天之前发布在Helsinki 的Benchmarking论坛上发布了。

The proposal integrates Passivhaus sustainability principles and renewable energy, so the development would have a minimal impact on the environment.
The contest was organised as part of the Nordic Built programme – an initiative to accelerate the development of sustainable construction in the five Nordic countries: Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Finland.
There were six competition briefs, aiming to solve challenges in different Nordic destinations. Others included designing affordable and climate-smart housing for Sweden, revitalising a Norwegian transport hub and renewing a park in Denmark.

White Arkitekter建筑事务所获得了法罗群岛住宅竞赛的胜利第6张图片
模型照片由Signe Find Larsen/Model photograph by Signe Find Larsen

White Arkitekter建筑事务所在瑞典、丹麦、挪威及英国都设有办公室。

它最近瑞典文化中心及旅馆设计竞赛中获胜,该方案被称为北欧国家最高的木质建筑。

效果图由White Arkitekter 及 Beauty and the Bit提供。

White Arkitekter has offices in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and the UK.
It recently won a competition to build a cultural centre and hotel in Sweden, which it says will be the "tallest wooden building in the Nordic countries".
Renderings are by White Arkitekter and Beauty and the Bit.

White Arkitekter建筑事务所获得了法罗群岛住宅竞赛的胜利第7张图片

White Arkitekter建筑事务所获得了法罗群岛住宅竞赛的胜利第8张图片
Sections/剖面图

项目团队:
主持建筑师: Morten Vedelsbøl 和Mikkel Thams Olsen
团队:Brooke Campbell-Johnston, Charlotte Falstrup, Rickard Nygren, Viktor Sjöberg, Christoph Duckart 和 Iben Degn Pedersen
合作者和供应商:Florian Kosche, Rambøll Denmark A/S和JNESpace

Project team:
Lead architects: Morten Vedelsbøl and Mikkel Thams Olsen
Team: Brooke Campbell-Johnston, Charlotte Falstrup, Rickard Nygren, Viktor Sjöberg, Christoph Duckart and Iben Degn Pedersen
Partners and suppliers: Florian Kosche, Rambøll Denmark A/S and JNESpace


出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。


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