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圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第1张图片

Santa Maria High School

由专筑网杨帆,Vigo编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。这个项目是对原先由建筑师Maria do Carmo Matos设计的学校进行改造与扩建。这次改建是政府计划的一部分,旨在促进公立学校的更新,推动体育公园学校的建设。

From the architect. This project was for the renovation and expansion of a school originally designed by architect Maria do Carmo Matos. The renovation was part of the governmental program for the renewal of the public secondary schools promoted by Parque Escolar, E.P.E.

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第2张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第3张图片
Diagram/图解

原项目是一座综合性的模块化学校建筑,在60至70年代开创了一个大规模的政府计划,以此应对稀缺的公共学校网络建设。这些都是非常务实且具有成本效益的项目,适用于葡萄牙不同场地的大规模项目建设。

The original project, a multi detached modular building school, pioneered a larger governmental program designed during the 60/7o’s decades to respond to the scarce public school network offer. Those were very pragmatic and cost-effective projects to apply in a very large scale in different sites all over the Portuguese territory.

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第4张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

鉴于场地的局限和学校对于增加室内面积的需求–大约现有容量的两倍,设计决定密集地拆除单层建筑,创造新的两层建筑,并维护和更新现有的其他建筑。这种大型混凝土顶盖铰接的致密化和施工连接了每一栋建筑,有助于促进一系列庭院户外使用和活动的建筑物之间的空间转换。

Given the limited size of the land and the school’s great need to increase indoor area – to about twice the existing capacity – it was decided to densify the set by demolishing only the single-storey buildings and creating new two-story ones, maintaining and renovating all other preexisting buildings. This densification and the construction of a large concrete canopy articulating and connecting every building, helped to transform the interstitial space between buildings in a sequence of patios promoting outdoor use and activities.

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第5张图片
Plan/平面图

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第6张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第7张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

保留的建筑主要是教室。原先的体育馆现在作为食堂和自助餐厅。新的建筑被设计为图书馆、礼堂、实验室和体育馆。新的接待处和图书馆被设计为面临街道,创造了一个前所未有的新的城市前沿。

The preserved buildings contain mainly classrooms. The old gym is now the canteen and cafeteria. New buildings were designed for the library, auditorium, labs, and sports facilities. The new reception and library building was designed facing the street creating a new urban front that didn’t exist.

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第8张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

现有建筑最有趣的地方是保存的楼梯,具有异国情调的木窗框架,入口门和预制混凝土网格,它们的表现形式有所更新,但仍保留了其个性与真实。新建筑中使用的建筑语言和材料的灵感来自于学校的原始项目和现有的建筑,共同促进了和谐的统一。

The most interesting features of the existing buildings were preserved – the stairs, the exotic wood window frames, the entrance doors and the precast concrete grids – updating their performance but preserving their character and authenticity. The architectural language and materials used in the new constructions were inspired by the school’s original project and existing buildings, promoting great unity to the whole.

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第9张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

在新旧建筑之间,屋顶也进行了重新设计,完成了所需要的大技术领域的整合。每个建筑中心上方的屋顶都设置了自然光入口,也作为顶部机器的维修通道。

On existing and new buildings, roofs were redesigned enabling the integration of the large technical areas required nowadays. Each roof has an overhead natural light entrance in the centre of the building serving also as a maintenance access to the machines on top.  

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第10张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

那些像“帽子”一般的木结构,由大型沥青瓦铺在木质天窗上。这些极具表现力的元素,脱离了地面,从辛特拉山坡到学校的视角展示自己是必不可少的一个连贯的,统一的图像。

Those wooden structure “hats”, crowned with wooden window skylights are waterproofed with a “skin” of large squared asphalt shingles/scales. These very expressive elements, discrete from the ground level, proved themselves essential for the definition of a coherent and unified image of the set and for the control of the views towards the school from the hillsides of Serra de Sintra, where it is located.

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第11张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第12张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第13张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第14张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第15张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第16张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第17张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第18张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

圣玛利亚高中/ Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos第19张图片
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

建筑设计:Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos
地点:葡萄牙,辛特拉
面积:1135.0平方米
项目年份:2009年
摄影:Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
合作者:Christophe Tilliet, Inês Blanc de Sousa, Pedro Borges, Rita Barbosa, Inês Piedade, Diogo Camilo
结构:A2P Consult
污水处理:Termifrio
电力通信:Copreng
园林景观:Nélia Martins e João Junqueira, arquitectos paisagistas

Architects: Appleton e Domingos Arquitectos
Location: Sintra, Portugal
Area: 1135.0 sqm
Project Year: 2009
Photographs: Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Collaborators: Christophe Tilliet, Inês Blanc de Sousa, Pedro Borges, Rita Barbosa, Inês Piedade, Diogo Camilo
Structure: A2P Consult
Water and Sewerage: Termifrio
Electricity and Comunications: Copreng
Landscape architecture: Nélia Martins e João Junqueira, arquitectos paisagistas


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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