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新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第1张图片

Image via © Dutari Viale Arquitectos

十种方式表达建筑施工详图
10 Exemplary Ways to Represent Architectonic Construction Details

由专筑网李韧,杨帆编译

建筑师所负责的项目图面表达,必须有效地沟通和分析项目的细部要素。这一重要的创作过程使参与的人能够在建筑设计的全过程中有效地识别甚至修改建筑的各项细部设计。

由于材料选择和其他实际问题的存在,细部的精确设计一般存在于设计过程的最后阶段。但是真正了解这些虽然小但却不可或缺的细部才是建筑项目中最有趣、最重要的方面。

在寻找最新的建筑细部表现的例子中,我们收集了一系列不同风格和方法的绘图作品。

*编者注:下面的文章是由ArchDaily编辑用西班牙语翻译的。所提到的一些项目描述尚未翻译成英文,但我们正在积极向全球读者提供这些相关的信息。

The visual presentation of a project, which architects are responsible for, must effectively communicate and analyze the organization of the project's material elements. This essential creative process allows those involved to effectively identify and even modify key aspects and components of the building during all phases of its conception.
Because of the inherent challenges of material selection and other practical issues, the development of what exactly will be built tends to be relegated to the end of the design process. But a true understanding of minor yet invaluable details is among the most interesting and important aspects of the best architectural projects.
In our search for the most outstanding recent examples of construction detail representations, we've collected a series of ten drawings that celebrate different styles and approaches.
*Editor's note: the following article was written by an editor of ArchDaily in Spanish. Some project descriptions mentioned have not yet been translated into English, but we are actively working to make this information available to our global readers.


01、手绘草图

当涉及到材料和细节时,有必要了解项目的各项构成要素在形式和空间两个方面之间的关系。因此,手绘草图可以作为展示细节的有效手段。

+ el Carrizal小屋/ Daniel Moreno + Sebastián Calero(项目描述为西班牙语)

01. Freehand Sketches
When it comes to materials and details, it is necessary to understand the relationship between the project's constructive elements in both formal and spatial terms. For this, freehand sketches can be an effective tool to show organizational and material links.
+ House in el Carrizal / Daniel Moreno + Sebastián Calero
(Project description available in Spanish)

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第2张图片

via © Daniel Moreno + Sebastián Calero



02、施工细节

在设计中必须清晰地表达出两种不同材质元素的连接方式。在许多情况下,作品的美感来源于这些重要但却不引人注意的细部做法。

+ Råå日托中心/ Dorte Mandrup Arkitekter

02. Construction Details
Recognizing the way two different structural elements will meet clearly demonstrates the design challenges that must be solved. In many cases, the work's final aesthetic is the result of approaching the project on the scale of these important yet inconspicuous details.
+ Råå Day Care Center / Dorte Mandrup Arkitekter

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第3张图片

via © Dorte Mandrup Arkitekter


+ Sokol Blosser Winery酒庄/ Allied Works Architecture

+ Tasting Room at Sokol Blosser Winery / Allied Works Architecture

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第4张图片

via © Allied Works Architecture



03、综合部分

理解、分析和沟通整个建筑项目的细部构造能避免建筑设计中的各项错误,例如建筑元素与节点细部无法连接等问题。

+ Cabaña-torre Karadya BIO-RESERVA(项目描述为西班牙语)

03. Integrated Sections

Understanding, analyzing and communicating the material behavior of an architectural project in its totality is an essential step to avoid serious problems such as issues with the isolation of architectural elements or even mismatched joints.
+ Cabaña-torre Karadya BIO-RESERVA
(Project description available in Spanish)

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第5张图片

via © Estudio Borrachia Arquitectos

+ Centro Holístico Punto Zero / Dio Sustentable(项目描述为西班牙语)

+ Centro Holístico Punto Zero / Dio Sustentable
(Project description available in Spanish)

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第6张图片

via © Dio Sustentable



04、3D模型

当我们需要了解项目建设过程中各个部件之间的关系或性能时,三维模型能够更加清晰地表达空间的组成,并将精确的细部构造可视化。

+ Bodega Navarro Correas / aft Arquitectos(项目描述为西班牙语)

04. 3D Schemes
Whether one must identify the relationships between a project's constructive parts or study the design's performance, three-dimensional representation allows for a clearer spatial understanding of material components, providing clear and precise visualizations of material organization.
+ Bodega Navarro Correas / aft Arquitectos
(Project description available in Spanish)

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第7张图片

via © aft Arquitectos

+ AA 小屋/ IR arquitectura

+ AA House / IR arquitectura

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第8张图片

via © IR arquitectura



05、透视截面

为了更深刻地理解建筑其他方面的信息,了解空间之间的关系与构成的空间氛围是十分重要且有趣的。

+神秘食盒/加州大学环境设计学院+隈研吾

05. Perspective Sections
In order to understand aspects of construction alongside other types of information, it's important and interesting to visualize the relationships intended to occur between spaces, giving an idea of the resultant spatial atmosphere.
+ Nest We Grow / College of Environmental Design UC Berkeley + Kengo Kuma & Associates

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第9张图片

via © College of Environmental Design UC Berkeley + Kengo Kuma & Associates

+ Villa el Libertador Príncipe de Asturias Municipal Hospital / Santiago Viale + Ian Dutari + Alejandro Paz

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第10张图片

via © Santiago Viale + Ian Dutari + Alejandro Paz



06、施工模型

推敲建筑细部的另一种方法是制作模型,这一过程有助于我们理解结构系统之间的关键要素。

+ RDP小屋 / Daniel Moreno Flores + Sebastian Calero

06. Construction Models
Another possible approach to the reality of construction is the development of models—a process that helps focus on key elements such as the performance of the structural system.
+ RDP House / Daniel Moreno Flores + Sebastian Calero

新技能get!建筑细部的表达方法第11张图片

via © Daniel Moreno + Sebastián Calero


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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