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Michael Russum通过造船技术建造自宅
Michael Russum uses boatbuilding techniques to build his "mystery vessel" house

由专筑网李韧,杨帆编译

这座伦敦北部住宅的设计灵感来自于灯塔与诺亚方舟。

Lighthouses and Noah's Ark provided design cues for this nautical-inspired townhouse in north London – one of the properties vying to be named UK house of the year.

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Birds Portchmouth Russum建筑事务所的联合创始人Michael Russum和他的合作伙伴Sally花了12年时间进行设计建造,最红形成了这座典型的阶梯住宅。

建筑与周边的传统住宅形成鲜明对比,这座4层的住宅周身环绕着曲折向上的玻璃,还有着桥型入口和船型阳台。

Birds Portchmouth Russum Architects co-founder Michael Russum and his partner Sally spent 12 years planning and building 6 Wood Lane, which slots into a typical terrace of houses in Highgate.
Standing in striking contrast to its more traditional neighbours, the four-storey house features zigzagging glazing, a prow-like balcony and a bridge entrance.

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这座建筑入围了英国皇家建筑师协会的年度住宅奖,并将于2017年11月28日在电视节目Grand Designs中公布最终结果。

Russum将这座建筑描述为“一艘神秘的船只”。

他在早些时候曾经说过:“我们试图传递一种超乎寻常的喜悦情绪。”

It is one of seven properties shortlisted for the RIBA House of the Year prize, which will be announced as the conclusion of a four-part series of television show Grand Designs, broadcast tomorrow, 28 November 2017.
Russum described the property as "a kind of mystery vessel".
"We try and deliver something joyous that is beyond the normal expectation," he explained, speaking in an earlier episode of the show.

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为了让建筑更加独特,Russum运用了造船技术。

建筑运用了桶形木制预制框架系统,其顶端为线性结构。

To give the house its unusual curved body, Russum employed boatbuilding techniques.
The barrel-vaulted wooden framework was prefabricated offsite, before being craned into place, on top of a more rectilinear base structure.

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整个基础结构分为两个部分,都能够从外部直接进入。

桥型入口向上倾斜,其上部空间是一个大型起居室和阳台。另外,稍稍向下的底层空间与花园相连接,其中设置有两间卧室。

This base structure contains two storeys, both with external access.
The bridge entrance slopes gently upwards to the upper-ground floor, which contains a sizeable lounge and balcony. Meanwhile the slightly sunken lower ground floor connects with a garden at the rear of the property, and accommodates two bedrooms.

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建筑最令人印象深刻的是一层的大厨房与餐厅,其内部弧形的家具系统与拱形墙面相互呼应。

而在上方,一个“钻石般”的屋顶让人们能够透过天窗看向室外。建筑师运用了折面玻璃,并设置有圆形天窗,这为室内带来了充足的自然通风与采光。

The most impressive space in the property is located on the first floor – a large kitchen and dining room, featuring curved surfaces and details that match the vaulted walls.
Above it, a "jewel-like" rooftop conservatory functions as a lookout point. It is wrapped by the zigzagging glass and topped by a circular skylight, which can be opened to bring ventilation down into the house from above.

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建筑师说:“倾斜天桥的运用寓意着与外部世界的分隔,同时也代表着一段美好旅程的开端。”

“入口大厅的作用如同海岸线与灯塔,人们进入建筑就像登上船只一般,当人们来到甲板般的阳台,可以感受到逐渐远离自我内心的外部世界。”工作室负责人说。

"The ramped footbridge signals the departure from the prosaic world and the commencement of an extraordinary journey across a metaphorical seascape," said the architect.
"The entrance hall is articulated as a rippling shoreline and a lighthouse marks embarking the stepped gangway into the dramatic double-height ark," said the studio. "At its prow a projecting balcony views the scurrying world below."

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在花园的尽头,Russum为自己建造了一座棚屋,屋顶上种植有很多植物。

而对于室内,建筑师也参考了船只的形式,整体布局大致对称,其中有如舷窗般的开口、弯曲的金属栏杆、以及木制楼梯,室内整体空间的配色相对柔和。

At the end of the garden, Russum has also built himself an expansive shed, with grass and wildflowers on its roof.
Nautical references feature throughout the interiors, which are largely symmetric. They include porthole openings, curved metal balcony railings, a smooth wooden staircase and a pastel colour palette.

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家具的布置与空间环境相适应,楼梯末端设置有音响,桌子环绕着阳光房排布。

考虑到建筑的能耗问题,建筑师同样运用了整体策略。建筑的墙体高度绝缘,室内设置有暖气、空调以及其他通风系统。

Furniture is built to fit the proportions of the space, from a speaker at the end of the staircase, to the desk that curves around the conservatory.
The same holistic approach was used when considering the building's energy use. Its walls are highly insulated, while a hybrid heating, cooling and ventilation system serves the entire interior.

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Russum住宅荣获今年英国皇家建筑师协会的住宅提名奖,位列名单的还有Dorset住宅,在这座住宅中建筑师运用了具有肌理感的白色墙体和软木。

入围奖名单里目前共有六名候选人,第七位候选人将于明天(2017年11月28日)公布。

摄影:Nick Kane

Russum's house was one of 20 properties named on the longlist for this year's RIBA House of the Year award – along with a Dorset retirement home, a residence with rippling white walls and a cork-covered holiday home in Essex.
This list has so far been whittled down to a shortlist of six, although a seventh is expected to named tomorrow, just before the overall winner is announced.
Photography is by Nick Kane.

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项目信息:
建筑设计:Birds Portchmouth Russum
项目团队:Andrew Birds, Richard Portchmouth Michael Russum, Adam Johnston, John Cook, Mickey Kloihofer
结构工程:Techniker
景观设计:John Duane + Farrer Huxley Associates
砌体工程:Big Basement Company
木质表皮研究:Cowley Timberwork
扶手/人行天桥设计:RSJ Steel
锌版屋面:Peters Roofing
渲染:External Wall Services
幕墙设计:Cantafix
建筑泛水设计:Ivor Andrews
家具定制:Karl Lewin

Project credits:
Architects: Birds Portchmouth Russum
Project team: Andrew Birds, Richard Portchmouth Michael Russum, Adam Johnston, John Cook, Mickey Kloihofer
Structural engineers: Techniker
Landscape design: John Duane + Farrer Huxley Associates
Masonry base: Big Basement Company
Timber shell specialist: Cowley Timberwork
Structural steelwork: RSJ Steel
Balustrading + Footbridge: RSJ Steel
Zinc Roof: Peters Roofing
Render: External Wall Services
Conservatory glazing: Cantafix
Flashings: Ivor Andrews
Specialist furniture: Karl Lewin


出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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