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最“浪漫”的交通工具-横跨河岸的缆车第1张图片


UNStudio展示阿姆斯特丹缆车设计
UNStudio reveals designs for Amsterdam cable car

由专筑网王帅,李韧编译

荷兰UNStudio公司展示了一款横跨阿姆斯特丹IJ河的缆车索道,长度为1500米。

缆车将在五分钟内连接阿姆斯特丹西部和北部地区。

该项目受Ijbaan基金会委托,它由Bas Dekker和Willem Wessels领导的基层公民倡议,该项目计划于2025年投入使用。

UNStudio创始人Ben Van Berkel说:“在阿姆斯特丹,人们对穿越IJ河的地铁和桥梁的需求越来越高。”

“这座城市发展迅猛,这种‘空中桥梁’促进整个地区的发展。”

Dutch firm UNStudio has revealed designs for a 1,500 metre-long cable car across the across the river IJ in Amsterdam.
The cable car would connect the growing residential areas of Amsterdam-West and Amsterdam-Noord in under five minutes.
Commissioned by the IJbaan Foundation – a grassroots citizen initiative led by Bas Dekker and Willem Wessels – the new connection is intended to be in operation in 2025.
"In Amsterdam you see a growing need for connections across the IJ, with the new metro and bridges," said UNStudio founder Ben van Berkel.
"The city is growing enormously and such an 'air bridge' contributes to the development of the entire region."

最“浪漫”的交通工具-横跨河岸的缆车第2张图片

缆车将在三座塔上运行/The cable car will be carried on three slender towers

继UNStudio公司于2018年2月公布的哥德堡(Gothenburg瑞典城市)缆车计划后,这一新项目又被推出。

缆车车厢的平均速度为每小时13.4英里(每小时21.6公里),穿过阿姆斯特丹的时间约为4.6分钟,整个车厢可容纳37名乘客,同时额外的自行车舱可以容纳四到六辆自行车。

该基金会预计,快速连接西部和北部的缆车将影响IJ河两边现有的交通网络。

Ben van Berkel继续说:“这是一种快速、绿色的出行方式,对骑行者、通勤者、学生、居民和游客都很有吸引力。”

“空中运输也减少了地面现有运输网络的压力。它不仅高效,而且有趣。人们将会以全新的方式体验他们的生活。”

The new design follow on from UNStudio's cable car plans for Gothenburg, which were unveiled in February 2018.
Running at an average speed of 13.4 miles per hour (21.6 kilometres per hour) the cable car's cabins could hold up to 37 passengers on the 4.6 minute journey across Amsterdam. Additional bicycle cabins could hold four to six bikes.
The foundation expect the fast connection between the west and the north will positively impact bicycle traffic by connecting existing networks on both sides of the IJ.
"It is a very fast and green way of traveling, which is attractive for cyclists, commuters, students, residents and visitors," continued Ben van Berkel.
"Transport by air also relieves the increasing pressure on traffic and the existing transport network on the ground. It is not only efficient but also fun. People are going to see and experience their city in a whole new way."

最“浪漫”的交通工具-横跨河岸的缆车第3张图片

项目第一阶段是贯穿河流的NDSM码头和Minervaave/Phase one will link NDSM Marina and Minervahaven across the IJ

项目的第一阶段有两个站点,分别是北岸的NDSM码头和南部的Minervahaves。

车站不仅是行人的交通枢纽,而且还附加了餐厅、酒吧和观景点,自身也成为一道风景。

缆车将在三个细长的塔架上运行,根据工作室的说法,塔架的设计参考了阿姆斯特丹港口的船舶起重机。

两座塔楼的高度各不相同,这方便了大型船只顺利通过,水面两侧的高度为46米和105米,另外水中还矗立着一座136米高的塔楼架子。

Two stations are planned in phase one – NDSM Marina on the north bank and Minervahaven on the south.
With restaurant and bar facilities as well as viewpoints, the stations are not only designed as transport hubs for pedestrians and cyclists, but also "destinations in themselves."
The cable car would be carried on three slender pylons that according to the studio reference the ports and ship cranes of Amsterdam's "robust" industrial past.
The towers vary in height to enable large ships to sail along the IJ, standing at heights of 46 metres and 105 metres tall on either side of the water, with a 136 metre-tall tower standing in the river.

最“浪漫”的交通工具-横跨河岸的缆车第4张图片

两座车站既是景点,也是交通枢纽/The two stations are planned as destinations as well as transport hubs

该项目为阿姆斯特丹的天际线上添加了“浓墨重彩”的一笔,同时设计师认为全新的塔架符合联合国教科文组织的世界遗产要求,另外,从阿姆斯特丹市中心著名的运河中无法看到塔楼。

设计师说:“缆车的三座塔楼并不会影响阿姆斯特丹市区的扩建,同时也尊重了城市的历史。”

他补充说:“缆车为城市居民提供了独一无二的景观视角,这也促进了城市的旅游业发展。”

UNStudio设计的缆车系统非常灵活,便于未来的扩建,如果有需求,它可以连接Hemnoop、Sloterdijk站,甚至是Westergasfabriek和 Westerpark。

阿姆斯特丹缆车将于2025年完工,届时,正值该市成立750周年。第二阶段将继续连接Hemknoop,预计在2040年建成。

除了UNStudio在哥德堡建造缆车外,世界各地的城市都在规划和建造缆车系统。2016年,Marks Barfield 和 Davis Brody Bond提议将海军码头(Navy Pier)与芝加哥河畔和千禧公园(Riverwalk and Millennium Park)连接起来,而在伦敦,Wilkinson Eyre设计了一条横跨泰晤士河的阿联酋航空缆车,其长度为1000米。

While providing an "enriching" addition to Amsterdam's skyline, the studio believe the new towers adhere to the city's UNESCO World Heritage requirements, and are not visible from the famous canal rings in Amsterdam's city centre.
"The cable car's three slender towers will allow the dense urban area of Amsterdam to expand, while being respectful of the city's past," said the studio.
"The cable car provides an architecturally interesting addition to the city and the harbour view, contributing to the spread of tourism in the city," he added.
UNStudio designed the cable car system flexibly, to allow for route expansion in the future to include a third station that would connect the Hemknoop, Sloterdijk Station or even Westergasfabriek and the Westerpark, depending on growth and need.
The Amsterdam cable car is due to be completed in 2025 to coincide with the city's 750th anniversary. A second phase, which would continue to Hemknoop, is proposed to be completed by 2040.
Along with UNstudio's plans for a cable car in Gothenburg, cable car are being planned and built in cities around the world. In 2016 Marks Barfield and Davis Brody Bond proposed linking Navy Pier to the Riverwalk and Millennium Park in Chicago, while in London, Wilkinson Eyre designed the 1,000 metre long Emirates Air Line cable car over the River Thames.

最“浪漫”的交通工具-横跨河岸的缆车第5张图片



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