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马儿住进这样的马厩,日行千里变得So Easy第1张图片

智利天窗马厩 / Matias Zegers Architects
Elongated skylight illuminates stables in Chile by Matias Zegers Architects

由专筑网王帅,李韧编译

这座位于智利首都圣地亚哥附近的马厩有着屋顶天窗,这样,阳光就可以穿过屋顶照射到支撑其弯曲天花板的桁架上。

该项目位于安第斯山脉山麓,这座马厩由圣地亚哥建筑师Matias Zegers操刀设计,占地三公顷。

A skylight that runs along the ridge of this stables near the Chilean capital of Santiago allows daylight to flood onto laminated-timber trusses that support its curved ceiling.
Santiago-based architect Matias Zegers designed the stables for an equestrian centre occupying a three-hectare compound in the foothills of the Andes mountains.

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Zegers是Matias Zegers建筑事务所的创始人,他从小就喜欢骑马,因此立志要设计一座条件优越的马厩,为马的健康提供保障。

这座马厩有着简单的山墙形式,其中可容纳14匹马,它靠近训练场地,周围是一片土生土长的荆棘树林。

Zegers, who founded Matias Zegers Architects, has been riding horses since early childhood and wanted to create a stables that provides the best possible conditions for the horses' wellbeing.
The simple, gabled structure can accommodate 14 showjumping horses and is positioned close to a training arena on a patch of ground surrounded by native quillayes trees.

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细长的天窗好似屋顶灯,在建筑的两端延伸,它为室内工作的饲养人员提供了足够的自然光,极大减少了人工照明的使用。

位于马厩尽头的大门比较狭窄,那里安置着隔间,确保马匹保持平静。而屋顶的天窗为建筑内部的淋浴房和马鞍房带来充足的自然光线。

The building's key feature is the slender roof light, which runs from one end to the other and provides enough natural light for the grooms to work indoors throughout the year with minimal artificial light.
The opening is narrowest at its ends where the stalls are situated to ensure a calm and restful ambiance for the horses. It widens towards the centre to provide adequate illumination to the showers and saddle rooms positioned in this portion of the building.

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天窗两边是弯曲的木质天花板,光线弥漫在其中,天窗使用了双层浅灰色玻璃,形成更加均匀的光线质量。

建筑师希望这座建筑不受外界干扰。简单的山墙形式结构让人联想起当地的农业建筑,例如附近的训练场和设备仓库。

The timber-lined ceilings on either side of the skylight are curved to allow the light to diffuse gently over their surfaces. A double layer of opal glass was used for the skylight to create a more even quality of light.
The stables is designed to fit unobtrusively into its setting. Its simple gabled form recalls vernacular agricultural buildings, such as neighbouring structures including a covered training ring and an equipment barn.

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Zegers解释说:“从远处看,建筑的形状和材质与周围环境相融合,好像从自然中生长出来一般,似乎能够从视野和记忆中消失。”

外表面覆盖着深色的木材,帮助马厩与周围的自然环境融为一体。深色的正面覆盖着金属屋顶砖,这些瓷砖则有着柔和、弯曲和倾斜的表面。

"When seen from a distance, both [the building's] shape and texture makes it disappear not only to the eye but also to the memory," Zegers explains, "fading away along with the hundred similar stables we might have seen."
Exterior surfaces clad in dark-stained wood help the stables blend in with its natural surroundings. The dark facades are complemented by metallic roof tiles that cover the gently bowed and angled surface.

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Zegers补充说:“金属瓷砖的外层是一种纺织品,能够轻易地形成几何形态,当阳光洒在屋顶上,缎青色的表面就会显示不同的色调。”

"The outer layer of metallic tiles settles as a textile, negotiating with this geometry with no trouble," Zegers added. "Daylight reflects off this skin, displaying different hues on its satin-bronze colour."

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两端和立面中心的开口直通向建筑内部,这种过渡强调了黑色正立面和暖色木材内部之间的对比。

这座建筑由叠层木材建造。其结构和墙壁在智利Los ángeles的一个工厂预制,然后在现场组装起来,仅仅花费45天。

Openings at both of the gabled ends and at the centre of one elevation lead straight into the building. This transition is accentuated by the contrast between the dark facades and warm wood interior.
The building was constructed using laminated timber. The structure and walls were prefabricated in a factory in the Chilean city of Los ángeles and assembled on site in just 45 days.

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其他类型项目还有位于阿根廷的畜舍,建筑有着混凝土楼梯和草皮屋顶,另外还有一座位于墨西哥的火山岩建筑。

摄影:Cristóbal Palma

Other recently designed stable buildings include one in Argentina featuring a cast concrete staircase and a turfed roof, and one in Mexico built from volcanic rock.
Photography is by Cristóbal Palma.

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