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随心而动的墙面让空间由你而定第1张图片


这座盒子住宅通过滑动和旋转的墙壁打开空间
Sliding and pivoting walls open up Box House in São Paulo by FCstudio

由专筑网缕夕,蒋晖编译

巴西FC studio的Flavio Castro在圣保罗为自己建造了一座一居室的住宅,几乎所有的房间都可以通过滑动的墙面将空间完全打开,从而与户外空间进行联通。

这栋两层楼高的盒子住宅位于住宅区的角落地段,场地外围环绕混凝土墙。滑动的金属门隐藏了住宅的主入口和车道。

Brazilian architect Flavio Castro of FCstudio has built a one-bedroom home for himself in São Paulo, with nearly all of the rooms able to fully open to the outdoors thanks to sliding walls.
Situated on corner lot in a residential neighbourhood, the two-storey Box House is concealed by a concrete wall around the property's perimeter. Sliding metal doors hide the front entrance and a driveway.

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这座住宅由Castro设计,建筑的平面设计得非常规则,并且最大限度地使用了可建造的土地,其余的部分则成为一个绿色庭院。

房子的两个外墙与邻居相邻,因此设计师采用实墙代替玻璃幕墙,从而达到遮挡视线的作用。

Rectangular in plan and flat-roofed, the residence was designed by Castro to take up the largest amount of buildable land, with the remainder created as a lush courtyard.
Two of the home's exterior walls are very close to the neighbours, which limited the facades that could be made of glass.

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Castro描述说:“住宅设计主要的挑战是建造一个有两个立面都靠近邻居的角落建筑,它需要充分的利用地形和自然光线,同时尽可能地保护自己使用的隐私空间。”

"The main challenge was to build a corner house with two facades leaning against the neighbours, which took full advantage of the terrain and natural light, while keeping privacy from the street as much as possible," said Castro's project description.

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建筑师选择耐用的材料,如钢、混凝土和玻璃,从而使施工的周期大大降低,可以让业主更早地入住。

“尽管巴西只有5%的房屋使用预制构件的技术,但这可以进一步的降低施工时间。”他说。

盒子住宅的一个主要特点是滑动玻璃门和钢墙围住建筑物,几乎整个住宅都可以通向户外。

一楼绿色花园通过滑动的玻璃门与室内融为一体,设有开放式的起居室、用餐区和厨房。浴室就在前门后隐藏在灰色橱柜内,与厨房相匹配。

Durable materials like steel, concrete and glass were selected by the architect to keep the construction period brief, as he was in a hurry to move in.
"This was further strengthened by the adoption of prefabricated elements, although only five per cent of houses in Brazil use this technique," he said.
A key feature of Box House are the sliding glass doors and steels walls that encase the building, and allow almost the entire residence to open up to the outdoors.
On the ground floor, a lush garden merges with the indoors via sliding glass doors to an open-plan living room, dining area and kitchen. A bathroom is concealed within a grey cabinet volume that matches the kitchen, just beyond the front door.

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大型钢门进一步打开了一层封闭的庭院。一层还设有洗衣房、浴室和双车车库。

在靠近邻居的立面上是一个楼梯,充分利用了场地的限制进行设计。二层是第二间休息室,可以欣赏小花园的景色,另外还有一间卧室和两间浴室。

Large steel doors pivot to further open the ground floor to the enclosed courtyard. A laundry, bath and two-car garage complete the lower level.
Situated on a facade close to the neighbours is a staircase, making the most out of this design restriction. Upstairs is a second lounge, which overlooks the small garden, along with a bedroom and two bathrooms.

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二层由波纹钢板环绕,当钢板关闭时,完全阻挡光线照进室内。与之相反的是,三个天窗将光线带入浴室和淋浴间等空间。

Corrugated steel doors wrap around the top storey, and when closed, completely block sunlight from entering the home horizontally. Instead, three skylights bring light down into spaces like the bath and shower rooms.

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“每个天窗都以不同的方式进行定位的,从而可以适应不同的太阳强度,并且每天都会发生变化。”FC studio说。

室内设计也由FCstudio设计。除了白色的墙壁,大多数的墙面和家具都用灰色和棕色,这与家居的建筑材料相关。而空间里点缀红色、蓝色和绿色,让当代自然的美学更加生动。

"Each of [the skylights] is oriented in a different way, making the solar intensity different and throughout the day, it changes," said the studio.
The interiors were also designed by FCstudio. Aside from white walls, the majority of surfaces and furnishings are finished in greys and browns to relate to the home's construction materials. Hints of red, blue and green enliven the contemporary yet natural aesthetic.

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可移动的墙壁是巴西住宅建筑的主要特征,因其热带的气候让户外生活更加可行。圣保罗的例子包括由Perkins + Will设计的百叶窗住宅以及Studio Arthur Casas金色金属穿孔的住宅。

摄影:Pedro Kok

Fully operable walls are a common feature of Brazil's residential architecture, where the tropical climate allows for outdoor living. Examples in São Paulo include a home with shuttered bedrooms by Perkins+Will and a residence clad in perforated golden metal by Studio Arthur Casas.
Photography is by Pedro Kok.

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