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赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第1张图片
© Marc Goodwin

西岸新码头/ PES建筑事务所
West Terminal 2 / PES-Architects

由专筑网王子铭,李韧编译

文字信息由建筑事务所提供。由PES建筑事务所设计的西岸二号码头,位于赫尔辛基港西岸新货运港区Jätkäsaari附近一块狭窄的土地上,建成于2017年2月。新码头的建造是为了满足赫尔辛基至塔林航线上不断增长的渡轮客流量。设计的目标是加快乘客上下船的速度,并将港口渡轮的周转时间缩短至一小时。码头每年将容纳六至七百万往返于赫尔辛基至塔林间的游客。

Text description provided by the architects. PES-Architects’ West Terminal 2 (Länsiterminaali 2), completed in February 2017, is situated in Helsinki's West Harbour on a narrow plot of reclaimed land at the southern tip of the new Jätkäsaari neighborhood, a former freight port area. The new terminal was built to meet the needs of the growing ferry traffic on the Helsinki-Tallinn route. The goal was to enable faster embarkation and disembarkation of passengers and reduce the turnaround times of ferries in port to just one hour. The terminal will serve the majority of the 6-7 million passengers traveling between Helsinki and Tallinn via West Harbour each year.

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第2张图片
© Marc Goodwin

新码头位于两个老码头间,充分利用相对较小的地块。由于登船车辆众多,所以地面层的设计非常紧凑。二层的离境休息室离地面十米远,让建筑下方形成通常的车行通道,休息室的中央区域减少了乘客沿着走廊和过道到达两侧码头的步行距离。底层设置有独立出入大厅,乘客将通过一个高达15米的玻璃盒子进入码头,然后通过自动扶梯或电梯进入候船室。

The terminal building is located between two quays to make the most of the relatively small plot. As most of the dock area is required for the vehicles queuing to board the ferries, the ground level was designed to be as compact as possible. The second-level departure lounge was raised 10 meters off the ground, allowing traffic to flow smoothly under the building. The central, raised location of the lounge also minimises passengers’ walking distances along the corridors and bridges to the ships on either side of the terminal. The ground floor is mainly a pass-through area with separate exit and entrance lobbies. Passengers enter the terminal through a check-in area with glass walls 15 meters high and then quickly progress to the departure lounge on escalators and lifts.

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第3张图片
© Kari Palsila

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第4张图片
© Kari Palsila

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第5张图片
© Kari Palsila

候船室是一个宽敞的空间,其中设有餐厅、咖啡厅和等候区,透过高耸的玻璃幕墙可以看到大海和进出的船只,在夏季人们还可站在露台上欣赏美景。高达9米的天花板由经过特殊处理的松木制成,照明、通风和消防设施均设置于吊顶上方,天花板的高度由中心向两侧降低,引导乘客进入登船走廊。玻璃幕墙和照明设施为乘客提供清晰安全的行走路线。同时,设计师将出发和到达的人员分流设计,到达乘客乘着自动扶梯,通过底层海关入境。

The departure lounge is a spacious, hangar-like space with a restaurant, café, and seating. High glass walls open to a sweeping view of the sea and incoming and departing ships. The view can be enjoyed from the oak counter running along the full width of the window wall or, in summer, from the seaside terrace. The expansive wooden ceiling, made from heat-treated pine slats, rises up to a height of nine meters. Lighting, ventilation, and sprinklers are integrated discretely into the ceiling. From the middle, the ceiling slopes down towards the sides, directing passengers to the boarding bridges. Glass surfaces and lighting solutions play an important role in keeping the passenger route clear and safe. The departing and arriving passenger flows are separated, with arriving passengers being guided directly onto escalators and out of the terminal through customs on the ground floor.

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第6张图片
© Kari Palsila

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第7张图片
© Kari Palsila

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第8张图片
轴测图/Axonometric

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第9张图片
© Kari Palsila

码头的结构较为复杂,屋顶钢架结构双向弯曲。除了提高码头的运行效率,建筑师也通过设计的方式营造出高雅舒适的内部环境。新码头是Jätkäsaari地区发展中重要的公共建筑,因此运用了耐久性较好的建筑材料,让建筑不至于在短期内随着时间的推移而黯然失色。从外观看,建筑流畅的流线型体仿佛被海浪冲上岸的海洋生物,玻璃、混凝土和铝板在阳光下十分耀眼。同时在主入口附近,立面所运用的松木板让建筑保持着悠久的历史气息。

The geometry of the terminal frame is complex, particularly the roof that curves bi-directionally from the ridge. This was implemented with a steel frame structure. In addition to the requirement for efficiency, the design aimed at a high standard of elegance, quality, and comfort. The terminal is a significant public building in the developing urban environment of Jätkäsaari. Materials were chosen for wear resistance so as to retain their attractiveness throughout the lifespan of the building, at least for the next hundred years. From outside, the sleek, flowing lines of the building resemble a sea creature washed ashore, with glass, concrete and sea aluminum facades that gleam in the sun. Near the main entrance, the pine boards of the facade commemorate the time when ships were still made of wood.

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第10张图片
© Marc Goodwin

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第11张图片
© Kari Palsila

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第12张图片
© Kari Palsila

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第13张图片
© Kari Palsila

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第14张图片
© Kari Palsila

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第15张图片
© Marc Goodwin

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第16张图片
© Marc Goodwin

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第17张图片
场地平面图/Site Plan

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第18张图片
一层平面图/First Level Plan

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第19张图片
二层平面图/Second Level Plan

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第20张图片
三层平面图/Third Level Plan

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第21张图片
四层平面图/Fourth Level Plan

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第22张图片
屋顶平面图/Rooftop Plan

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第23张图片
西北立面/Northwest Elevation

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第24张图片
西南立面/Southwest Elevation

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第25张图片
东北立面/Northeast Elevation

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第26张图片
东南立面/Southeast Elevation

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第27张图片
剖面图/Section A

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第28张图片
剖面图/Section C

赫尔辛基港的西岸新码头第29张图片
墙剖面细节/Wall Section Detail

设计单位:PES建筑事务所
项目地点:芬兰,赫尔辛基
主创建筑师:TuomasSilvennoinen, Architect SAFA (chief designer), PekkaMäkelä, Architect (project manager), Emmanuel Lopes, Architect, Hanna Eskelinen, Architect SAFA
建筑面积:12900.0平方米
项目年份:2017年
建筑摄影:Marc Goodwin,Kari Palsila
制造商:Schindler, Novelis
承包商:YIT Rakennus Oy
结构设计:SwecoRakennetekniikka Oy
开发顾问:Viator Oy,Indepro Oy
HVAC:Ramboll Finland Oy
照明电气设计:Granlund Oy
客户:赫尔辛基港口
钢框架和玻璃外墙设计:Normek Oy
木材供应:Inlook Oy
设备供应:Betonimestarit Oy
混凝土供应:Rudus Oy

Architects: PES-Architects
Location: Tyynenmerenkatu 14, Helsinki, Finland
Lead Architects: TuomasSilvennoinen, Architect SAFA (chief designer), PekkaMäkelä, Architect (project manager), Emmanuel Lopes, Architect, Hanna Eskelinen, Architect SAFA
Area: 12900.0 m2
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: Marc Goodwin, Kari Palsila
Manufacturers: Schindler, Novelis
Main Contractor: YITRakennus Oy
Structural Design: SwecoRakennetekniikka Oy
Developer Consultant: Viator Oy, Indepro Oy
HVAC: Ramboll Finland Oy
Lighting and Electrical Design: Granlund Oy
Client: Port of Helsinki
Steel Frame and Glass Facades: Normek Oy
Wood Supplier: Inlook Oy
Element Supplier: Betonimestarit Oy
Concrete Supplier: Rudus Oy


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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