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在住宅区里的工厂设计应怎么适应周围环境?第1张图片

折叠式屋顶的工厂设计,用以呼应沿斜坡建造的住房
Factory with pitched roofs designed to complement terraced housing

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

比利时当地建筑工作室TRANS近期在比利时根特的住宅区重建了一座工厂,其倾斜屋顶形式与附近的建筑相呼应。

Local architecture studio TRANS has rebuilt a factory in a residential neighbourhood of Ghent, with pitched roofs referencing nearby housing.

在住宅区里的工厂设计应怎么适应周围环境?第2张图片

TRANS自20世纪80年代起就负责当地食品包装公司Ryhove的项目,该项目位于比利时根特市中心。

数十年来,人们的需求逐渐上升,该项目的设施已经过时,无法满足公司的日常需求。

TRANS oversaw the project for local food packaging business Ryhove, which has been based in central Ghent, Belgium, since the 1980s.
After decades of ad-hoc expansion, Ryhove's facilities had become outdated and no longer provided the sort of workplace that was appropriate for a successful company.

在住宅区里的工厂设计应怎么适应周围环境?第3张图片

该公司负责人没有在郊区置办工业区或是建造新工厂,而是选择保留现有工厂,以便员工可以继续在这里生活、上班。

新工厂的设计力求与周边的住宅相互融合。

Rather than moving and building a new facility on a suburban industrial estate, Ryhove chose to retain its current site so its employees could continue to work in their neighbourhood.
The new  factory's design seeks to complement its setting in an area predominantly containing terraced homes.

在住宅区里的工厂设计应怎么适应周围环境?第4张图片

在装载区的入口处,一楼办公空间上方是三折折叠的屋顶,并且车辆可以进入其下方的空间。

这样的屋顶形式参考了周围建筑的传统瓦片屋顶,但建筑师通过波纹金属来体现建筑的工业用途。

At the entrance to the loading area, a gabled form is repeated three times to create a roof over the first-floor office spaces, with space for vehicles to enter underneath.
The roof form references the traditional shape of the tiled roofs on the surrounding houses, but with corrugated metal  used to reflect the building's industrial use.

在住宅区里的工厂设计应怎么适应周围环境?第5张图片

在住宅区里的工厂设计应怎么适应周围环境?第6张图片

由于建筑沿街面长度过长,因而建筑师将它划分成每格宽五米的元素进行设计,与其相邻住宅的比例相呼应。

TRANS在一份项目说明中写道:“我们最重要的想法是让工业建筑能够结合周边住宅区。这就是我们选择折叠屋顶的原因。”

Its long, street-facing elevation is separated into bays with a width of five metres that approximately echo the proportions of its residential neighbours.
"An important ambition was to make the industrial expansion acceptable in a residential area," explained TRANS in a project statement. "That is why the 'terraced house typology' was chosen as a reference for the intervention."

在住宅区里的工厂设计应怎么适应周围环境?第7张图片

新大楼还对中心装卸区周围的场地进行了重新组织,将组织工作至关重要的后勤业务展示出来,而不是将其隐藏。

该建筑采用标准化预制构件建造,包括混凝土柱和交叉层压木材面板,可提高其工业品质。

钢铁和木材制成的桁架支撑天花板,内衬木材,为室内带来温暖舒适的感觉。

TRANS工作室对工业建筑的设计有着独到的见解。在2017年,Vitsœ 在英国设计建造了一座生产设施,其室内空间有着“未完成的美感”,而墨西哥的 Ars工作室则设计了一座有着记忆花园的玉米工厂。

摄影:Stijn Bollaert

The new building also reorganises the site around a central loading and unloading area, ensuring that the logistical operations, which are central to the organisation's work, are on display instead of being hidden away.
The building was constructed using standardised, prefabricated elements, including concrete columns and cross-laminated-timber panels that enhance its industrial character.
Trusses made from steel and wood support ceilings lined with timber that lend the interior a warm and comfortable feel.
TRANS is the latest architect to create an impressive looking factory. In 2017 Vitsœ opened a production facility in the UKwith "intentionally unfinished" interiors,  while Atelier Ars corn factory in Mexico included a memorial garden.
Photography is by Stijn Bollaert.

在住宅区里的工厂设计应怎么适应周围环境?第8张图片

在住宅区里的工厂设计应怎么适应周围环境?第9张图片


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