Robotically fabricated carbon-fibre pavilion opens at the V&A
A robotically woven carbon-fibre pavilion developed by a team from the University of Stuttgart has been erected in the courtyard of London's V&A museum as part of a season of engineering events (+ slideshow).
该装置由建筑师和研究员AchimMenges与建筑师 Moritz Dörstelmann、结构工程师Jan Knippers 和环境工程师Thomas Auer合作设计。
The Elytra Filament Pavilion comprises 40 unique hexagonal components that have been robotically fabricated from a combination of transparent glass fibre and black carbon fibre.
The web-like design of each component is based on the fibrous structure of beetle's forewings – named elytra.
The pavilion is designed and produced by architect and researcher AchimMenges, in collaboration with architect Moritz Dörstelmann, structural engineer Jan Knippers and climate engineer Thomas Auer.
It forms part of an ongoing research project looking at biomimicry in design by the University of Stuttgart's Institute of Computational Design – directed by Menges – and the Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design – led by Knippers.
"This is a live research project," said AchimMenges at the opening of the pavilion today. "One of the most exciting materials we've found are fibre-reinforced plastics – it's also interesting to see that nature also uses fibrous composites."
"This is very much a showcase of how design and engineering come together," he added, claiming that developments in digital design and robotic construction are transforming the field of engineering.
"I think we're experiencing another paradigm shift, a fourth industrial revolution."
Each piece of the 200-square-metre structure, which is supported by funnel-shaped legs, is formed by a single length of resin-coated fibre and weighs just 45 kilograms.
The glass and carbon fibre is wound around metal formwork by a robotic arm, before being cured to form the rigid hexagonal elements.
An on-site robotic contained within a transparent membrane will produce new elements of the pavilion throughout the show, which will run until 6 November 2016.
The placement of these pieces will be determined by data collected by fibre optic sensors embedded in the canopy's glass fibres, Dörstelmann told Dezeen, and will see the pavilion sprawl across the courtyard.
The scale of each segment is determined not by the limits of the material, but by the narrow doors of the historic V&A building.
But the team believes the material could be used to produce much larger spanning structures.
Menges previously told Dezeen that carbon fibre is architecture's biggest untapped resource, and claims that robots could be programmed to build stadium roofs using the fibrous building material.
它是目前正在进行的斯图加特大学参数化设计研究所仿生学研究项目的一部分/The pavilion forms part of an ongoing research project by the University of Stuttgart team looking at biomimicry in design
"The genuine possibilities inherent in the material are not fully tapped into," he said during a tour of his Stuttgart-based research unit last month. "We haven't left that phase where these new materials are mimicking old materials."
"It's a very new technology so nobody has picked it up and commercialised it."
The techniques used to produce the Elytra Filament Pavilion have emerged from an annual series of research pavilions created by Menges and Knippers with students – including one based on the shells encasing the wings of beetles.
This year's edition, based on research into the shells of sea urchins, is anarching laminated timber structure that has been industrial sewn together by a robot, while in 2013 the units developed a carbon-fibre pod that takes a lobster's exoskeleton as its point of reference.
它经历了一系列的碳纤维实验，包括基于甲虫壳体的轻质结构测试/It follows a series of experiments in carbon fibre, including this lightweight structure based on a beetle's shell
这些前卫的项目出自斯图加特大学与苏黎世联邦理工学院的联合研究，获得了包括 Wolf D Prix 和BIG事务所Kai-Uwe Bergmann 在内的多名建筑师的支持，进行了一轮轮的机械建造实验。
展览以工程装置艺术为主题，将会包括英国结构工程师艾拉普的回顾展示、Arupgroup之后的20世纪工程师的作品，一些英国公司包括AKT II, Atelier One, BuroHappold, Expedition Engineering和Jane Wernick Associates等的杰出的艺术装置。
The pioneering research carried out at the University of Stuttgart, coupled with that taking place at ETH Zurich, is being championed by architects including Wolf D Prix and BIG's Kai-Uwe Bergmann and has led to a wave in robotic construction.
London's Architectural Association School recently announced its new MSc Design & Make course, which will run alongside its existing programme to focus on robotic technologies and their application in timber construction.
Menges will lead a symposium about biomimicry, design and engineering in conjunction with the V&A Engineering Season, which opens on 18 June 2016
The season of engineering-themed events will include the first major retrospective of Ove Arup, the 20th-century engineer behind the Arupgroup, and highlight projects by British engineering firms including AKT II, Atelier One, BuroHappold, Expedition Engineering and Jane Wernick Associates.