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“胶囊”避难所第1张图片


Gregory quinn为难民和受灾地区设计的充气结构
Gregory quinn designs an inflatable structure ideal for refugee or disaster stricken areas.

由专筑网姬薇薇,杨帆编译

Gregory quinn曾在德国柏林艺术大学的博士论文中描述了一种弹性格栅壳体的高效结构,它能够以很少的材料汇集巨大的能量以形成大跨度构造。这种结构的简易性在于能够将本来又直又细的檩条转变为美丽的曲面外壳。虽然这种结构的使用效能很可观,但目前建造的方法还较为复杂,同时需要花费一定的成本和时间。

For gregory quinn’s doctoral thesis at the berlin university of the arts in germany, he explains how elastic gridshells are highly efficient structures which are able to cover large spans with very little material or embedded energy. the simplicity of thesestructures lie in their ability to generate beautiful doubly-curved shell surfaces from slender and initially straight beams. while it is efficient in its
built-state, the existing methods with which to erect them are usually associated with significant complexity, cost and time.

“胶囊”避难所第2张图片

该结构装置在柏林的大都会实验室展出/This pavilion is being exhibited at ancb the aedes metropolitan laboratory in berlin.

此外,gregory quinn指出,在难民和受灾地区,用来医疗、社会疗养和宗教集会等大型避难所的重要公共设备仍然不足。这是源于对小住所的过多关注,以及建设所需要的成本、时间、施工复杂性和能源需求的限制。

Furthermore, gregory quinn assures the importance of large shelters for medical treatment, social convalescence and religious gatherings in refugee or disaster stricken areas remain under-serviced. this is due to the necessary focus on smaller family dwellings but also due to the cost, time, complexity and energy demands associated with their construction.

“胶囊”避难所第3张图片

弹性格栅壳体是一种以较少的材料汇聚内部的巨大能量来形成大跨度的有效结构/Elastic gridshells are efficient structures able to cover large spans with little material or embedded energy.

“sheltair”策略是利用气动脚气架,即充气的缓冲垫,这将能大大提高大跨度外壳的施工速度(在几天内达到100米)。同时,对降低建筑成本,提高建造效率也具有开创性的意义,并有望在可迅速重建的活动厂房和避难所中应用。

The ‘sheltair’ method makes use of pneumatic falsework, that is air-filled cushions, and has the potential to greatly increase the speed of construction for large-span shells (up to 100 m in a matter of days). which would have groundbreaking implications on construction costs and efficiency with promising potential for application in rapidly re-deployable event covers and shelters.

“胶囊”避难所第4张图片

受灾地区的社会康复中心里重要设备仍然不足/The importance of shelters for social convalescence in disaster stricken areas remains under-serviced

位于柏林大都会实验室花园里13米跨度的展馆已经建成,这个建筑是用来测试和验证该研究理论的,当然也证明了它的建筑潜力。生物模拟的外壳曲率和栅格模架的相互作用,保证了建筑的可持续性,与传统外型的避难所相比,更加具有发展潜力。

This 13 m pavilion in the garden of the aedes metropolitan laboratory in berlin has been built to test and validate the researched method but also to demonstrate its architectural potential. the bio-mimicry of the shell curvature and repeating patterns of the grid complement the sustainability aspects of the solution and offer a refreshing contrast to typical planar shelter systems.

“胶囊”避难所第5张图片

这个展馆是为了验证研究方法而建造的,同时也证明了它的建筑潜力/This pavilion has been built to validate the researched method but also to demonstrate its architectural potential.

gregory quinn的“sheltair”的实施和建造具有一定的目的性,且技术含量较低,易建造。然而,具有残余应力的梁的弹性曲面与充气缓冲垫以及控制建筑物结构形状的物件(例如缆索)之间的物理相互作用是非常复杂的。

The implementation and construction for gregory quinn’s ‘sheltair’ is purposefully and necessarily low-tech. however, the physical interaction between the elastic curves of the beams with residual stresses and the pneumatic form of the cushion in relation to the architectural target shape, for example a funicular, is particularly complex.

“胶囊”避难所第6张图片

出于人道主义,这个展馆使用了充气缓冲垫和弹性栅格/This pavilion investigates the use of air-filled cushions to rapidly erect elastic gridshells for humanitarian causes.

“胶囊”避难所第7张图片

gregory quinn的“sheltair”的实施和建造具有一定目的性,且技术含量低/The implementation and construction for gregory quinn’s ‘sheltair’ is purposefully and necessarily low-tech.

“胶囊”避难所第8张图片

充气避难所可以用于医疗、社会疗养和宗教聚会等多种用途/Sheltair’ can be used for medical treatment, social convalescence and religious gatherings.

“胶囊”避难所第9张图片

该项目作为柏林艺术大学博士论文的一部分,由gregory quinn研制建造/Scientifically developed by gregory quinn as part of his doctoral thesis at the berlin university of the arts.

“胶囊”避难所第10张图片

“sheltair”利用充气垫,可以提高大跨度壳体的施工速度/The ‘sheltair’ makes use of air-filled cushions and can increase the speed of construction for large-span shells.

“胶囊”避难所第11张图片

生物模拟的外壳曲率和交错排列的栅格模架之间相互作用,保证了建筑的可持续性/The bio-mimicry of the shell curvature and repeating patterns of the grid complement the sustainability aspects

“胶囊”避难所第12张图片

这些结构的简单性在于它们能够在纤细的栅格表面生出美丽的双曲面外壳/The simplicity of these structures lie in their ability to generate beautiful doubly-curved shell surfaces from slender



出处:本文译自www.designboom.com/,转载请注明出处。

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