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如何设计自己的家园?你说了算!第1张图片


格伦费尔塔楼改造方案
Architects reveal ideas for 15 million refurbishment of Grenfell Tower estate

由专筑网蒋晖,李韧编译

Adjaye Associates等建筑师为伦敦兰开斯特西部庄园(Lancaster West Estate)的改建提出了概念方案,那里是格伦费尔塔楼火灾的发生地点。

Cullinan工作室、 Maccreanor Lavington、Murray John Architects、Levitt Bernstein以及Penoyre & Prasad也针对兰开斯特西部居民协会(Lancaster West Residents Association)所提出的报告进行了构思,探索该区域的未来发展。

这份报告中的概念设计并不涉及格伦费尔塔楼的重建方案,这座塔楼于在2017年6月14日被大火烧毁,但其中包含了关于每个街区的未来策划,以及一份关于改善公共步道和公共区域的总体性报告。

建筑师们所提出的解决方案经过细致的讨论而决定,当地居民也参与了他们的研讨会议,并提出改进的建议。

Architects including Adjaye Associates have presented ideas for the refurbishment of the Lancaster West Estate in London, site of the Grenfell Tower tragedy.
Cullinan Studio, Maccreanor Lavington, Murray John Architects, Levitt Bernstein and Penoyre & Prasad also contributed concepts to the report produced by Lancaster West Residents Association, exploring the future of the estate.
The report doesn't include Grenfell Tower, which was destroyed by fire on 14 June 2017. But it does contains a book of ideas for each of the estate's blocks, along with a overarching report that looks at improving the public walkways and communal areas.
The solutions suggested by architects were informed by a series of workshops and ideas days, where residents of the estate were invited to raise problems and suggest potential improvements.

如何设计自己的家园?你说了算!第2张图片

在Ajayay Associates的建议书中,建筑师建议在长凳和花坛上作出改进/Benches and raised flower beds have been suggested as improvements at Camelford Court, in an ideas book overseen by Adjaye Associates

兰开斯特西部居民协会在报告中提出:“这些建议书由我们与建筑师合作而成,用于规划该地区的未来发展。”

“这项工作使我们对自己家园未来的发展有了重要的发言权。在6月悲剧发生后,应当给予居民充分的尊重,让他们重建家园。”

"These books are the next steps in our work with architects and the council to design the future of the estate," said the Lancaster West Residents Association in the report.
"This work gives us a major voice on the future of our own homes. After the tragedy last June, this is fundamental step for residents to begin the process of rebuilding their lives."

如何设计自己的家园?你说了算!第3张图片

建筑师对Camelford委员会建议增加公共区域,以及更换维修不善的厨房和浴室/Other proposals for Camelford Court include adding open-plan areas, and replacing poorly maintained kitchens and bathrooms

在本月早些时候发布的一份报告中指出,翻新工作中的一些“小缺陷”导致了格伦费尔塔楼火灾的发生,甚至造成71人死亡。随着警方的介入,塔楼自身及其周围地区成为持续的搜索对象。

英国政府承诺为重建工作提供2800万英镑的经济支持,其中1500万英镑已预留用于重建这座建于20世纪70年代的大庄园,这座庄园中拥有1000户家庭。

Kensington和 Chelsea委员会已经通过了一个由居民自主领导的项目,即不拆除居民的房屋,且充分考虑他们对于家园建设的需求与想法。因为委员会曾因忽略了当地居民的真实需求,导致改造项目影响到了居民的安危,从而受到了批评。

A report leaked earlier this month concluded that "deficiencies" introduced during renovation work fuelled the deadly Grenfell Tower fire, which killed 71 people. The tower and the area immediately around it will remain a crime scene until the summer, as the police investigation continues.
Of the £28 million promised by the British government to aide the recovery effort, £15 million has been set aside for the regeneration of the wider estate, which was built in the 1970s and is home to 1,000 households.
Kensington and Chelsea council has promised a resident-led project, with no demolition of people's homes and residents' ideas for improvements taken into account. The council had previously faced criticism for ignoring concerns by Grenfell Tower residents that refurbishment work had made it unsafe.

如何设计自己的家园?你说了算!第4张图片


Adjaye Associates还指出了建议书中关于重建工程需要解决的问题,其中包括个别公寓的无障碍设施布局不合理、以及通风与潮湿的问题。

同时,建筑师也发现了该地区的其他问题,例如路面排水不畅、街区安全存在隐患、安保力量不足,以及绿地的缺乏等。

因此,建筑师们对于该区域的整修规划提出了九个方面的设想。

Issues to address in the refurbishment project, as identified in the report, include poor accessibility and layout in individual flats, as well as problems with ventilation and damp.
Wider issues affecting the estate as a whole are also identified. These include flooding in the streets, a deficit of safety and security measures across the estate, and a lack of green spaces.
The architects responded with concepts tailored to specific parts of the estate, which has been separated into nine areas for the purpose of the refurbishment.

如何设计自己的家园?你说了算!第5张图片

MccreanorLavington建议 Treadgold住宅的户外空间可作为公共绿地/MccreanorLavington suggests that the outdoor spaces by Treadgold House could be turned into a public garden

还有对于街道的美化,包括增加花坛和长椅的数量,为一层临街住户提供相对隐私的空间,同时也能营造出更舒适的室外环境。 另外,建筑师希望在由TalbotGrove住宅所围绕的绿化空间中设置一座小型展馆,从而为社区提供更多的基础设施。

就街区入口来说,建筑师认为可以打开原本封闭的空间,使之与街道相连通,同时为部分公寓增加私人花园。与此同时,报告中建议在进行重大工程前,增加街区内的摄像头与照明设备的数量,来提高街区内的安保程度。

对于公寓的内部布局可以重新设计,将开放式的起居室与餐厅相结合,同时对厨房、浴室及其他空间进行重新装修。

虽然双层玻璃窗有助于解决潮湿和通风的问题,但报告中指出,漏水管道的修复更为重要。同时,虽然建筑师建议可以对屋顶和地下室进行扩建,但空间的过度拥挤也被列为问题之一。

在接下来的过程中,居民可以选择自己所满意的设计者。

照片来自兰开斯特西部居民协会的建议书。

A proposal for re-landscaping of a pedestrianised street for Camelford Court includes raised flowerbeds and benches that could give ground floor flats privacy and produce a more pleasant environment. Another suggestion is for a small pavilion set in the green space surrounded by Talbot Grove House that could provide extra community facilities.
Ideas mooted for redesigning the entrances to some of the blocks suggested removing dark corners by opening them up to the street,  adding private gardens to some of the flats and adding key-fob secured gates. In the interim, the report suggested adding CCTV and extra lighting to heighten security before major works go ahead.
Internally, the layout of the flats could be re-worked to introduce open-plan living and dining areas, as well installing new kitchens and bathrooms, and general redecorating.
Double-glazed windows would help with the damp and ventilation problems, although the report admitted that bigger problems with leaking pipes would be harder to fix. Overcrowding is also listed as an issue, although the architects suggest that extensions could be made at rooftop and basement level.
In the next part of the process, residents will be asked to select which designers they want to carry out the proposed plans.

Images sourced from Book of Ideas via Lancaster West Residents Association.


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