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这座U型外立面的小小教堂,竟是自给自足的建筑物第1张图片

阿尔瓦罗•西扎在阿尔加维建造了Capela do Monte教堂
álvaro Siza builds Capela do Monte chapel for off-grid retreat in the Algarve

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

建筑师-阿尔瓦罗•西扎(álvaro Siza)在葡萄牙南部建成了一座简约的乡村小教堂,建筑内没有电、热和自来水系统。

Capela do Monte直译为山坡小教堂,是Monte da Charneca建筑群的一部分,这是一个全新的自然度假胜地,位于葡萄牙阿尔加维地区的一片景观中。

Architect álvaro Siza Viera has completed a simple countryside chapel in the south of Portugal, designed to function without electricity, heat or running water.
The Capela do Monte, which translates simply as hillside chapel, forms part of the Monte da Charneca complex, a new off-grid holiday retreat that is being constructed in the picturesque landscape of Portugal's Algarve region.

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整座建筑自给自足,因此在不需要外部服务的情况下这座教堂也很有意义。

相反,由于使用了精心挑选的材料,该建筑能够被动地加热和冷却。它的厚壁由多孔砖制成,内部和外部涂有石灰石涂层。

The entire development will be self-sufficient, so it made sense for the chapel to be planned without the need for external services.
Instead, the building is designed to naturally heat and cool itself passively, thanks to the use of carefully selected materials. Its thick walls are made from perforated bricks, which are coated both internally and externally in a limestone render.

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建筑师西扎将这座小教堂称为“纯粹的建筑项目”。

这是这位普利兹克奖得主在阿尔加维完成的第一个项目,也是他的著名项目,如Boa Nova Tea House和LeçadaPalmeira游泳池,都位于阿尔加维北部。

Siza describes the chapel as "a pure architectural project".
It is the first the Pritzker Prize winner has completed in the Algarve – his most famous projects, such as the Boa Nova Tea House and the Leça da Palmeira swimming pools, are all further north.

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通往小教堂仅有一条小路,而教堂最明显的特征就是其简单的U形立面,正面是从山坡上升起的露台。

这个立面后面有一个开洞,可以让阳光进入入口大厅。

Accessed only by a single footpath, the chapel's most distinctive feature is its simple U-shaped facade, which fronts a terrace that is raised up from the hillside.
Set behind this facade is an opening that allows sunlight to filter down into the building's open-air entrance lobby.

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进入教堂后,参观者可以看到葡萄牙制造商ViúvaLamego制造的三个定制瓷砖壁画,讲述了耶稣生平的故事。

在极简主义教堂的内部是平整的墙面,没有一丝点缀。同样,其他墙壁和地板表面色调也都采用白色。

Once inside this space, visitors are greeted by three bespoke tile murals, manufactured by Portuguese manufacturer Viúva Lamego. Based on sketches made by Siza, they depict different scenes that tell the story of Jesus' life.
Inside the minimalist chapel are more tiled surfaces, but here they are left without embellishment. Similarly, the other wall and floor surfaces are pale in tone.

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空间中唯一的颜色来自于木制家具,均由西扎设计。在偌大的室内空间中,有一个祭坛、一个长凳和许多把椅子,全部由波尔图木工工作室SerafimPereiraSimõesSucessores制作。

还有传统十字架,在室内后墙上形成T形。

The only colour in the space comes from a series of wooden furniture pieces, all designed by Siza. They include an altar, a bench and a series of chairs, all built by Porto-based carpentry studio Serafim Pereira Simões Sucessores.
There is also an abstraction of the traditional cross, which forms a T shape against the rear wall of the room.

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Monte da Charneca中心由一对夫妇建造,夫妇俩在该地区居住30余年。

夫妇俩的工作开始于七座传统房屋的修复,直到现在,他们拥有自己的供水、太阳能电力和生产橄榄、柑橘、无花果和杏仁的果园。

The Monte da Charneca Center is being created by a couple who have lived in the area for over 30 years.
It started with the rehabilitation of seven traditional houses, which now boast their own water supply, solar-powered electricity and an orchard that produces olives, citrus fruits, figs and almonds.

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在这对夫妇的委托下,西扎仍然负责该场地下一阶段的开发。除了2018年春天开放的小教堂外,他还将增加一系列其他设施,其中包括住宅楼。

项目目的是为游客创建以农业为主的静修处。整个项目将于2021年完成。

The couple have asked Siza to oversee the materplan for the next phase of the site's development. As well as the chapel, which opened in the spring of 2018, he will add a series of other facilities, including more residential buildings.
The aim is to create a retreat that promotes the region's agricultural heritage to tourists. The entire project is due to be complete by 2021.

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西扎是世界上的著名建筑师,在2017年Dezeen热门排行榜上排名第91位。尽管过去几年他在国外的作品增多,但他仍然最喜欢在家乡葡萄牙进行项目设计。

他最近完成的其他作品包括Nadir Afonso Foundation,和Santo Tirso市政博物馆Abade Pedrosa的翻新改造工程。

摄影:Joao Morgado

One of the world's best-known architects, Siza ranked at number 91on Dezeen Hot List 2017. Although the past few years have seen him start to build up his portfolio abroad, he is most celebrated for projects in his native Portugal.
His other recent completions include the Nadir Afonso Foundationin Chaves and the overhaul of the Municipal Museum Abade Pedrosa in Santo Tirso.
Photography is by Joao Morgado.

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项目信息:
建筑事务所:álvaro Siza Vieira,
设计团队:Carlos Leite Pereira, Jorge Nunes da Silva, Frederico Mendes Paula, Ricardo Correia
制造商:Joaquim Sequeira Vieira, Joaquim Marreiros da Silva, Vitalino Tomé Duarte, Sandro do Carmo, José Manuel Gonçalves
Madilagos: Paulo Arantes
瓷砖:Viúva Lamego
木制品:Serafim Pereira Simões Sucessores
石雕:Mármores e granitos Augusto Sousa

Project credits:
Architect: álvaro Siza Vieira,
Design team: Carlos Leite Pereira, Jorge Nunes da Silva, Frederico Mendes Paula, Ricardo Correia
Manufacturers: Joaquim Sequeira Vieira, Joaquim Marreiros da Silva, Vitalino Tomé Duarte, Sandro do Carmo, José Manuel Gonçalves
Madilagos: Paulo Arantes
Tiles: Viúva Lamego
Woodwork: Serafim Pereira Simões Sucessores
Stonework: Mármores e granitos Augusto Sousa

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