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比“乐高”还厉害的“积木”,你见过吗?第1张图片


Conrad Willems设计了基于积木的模块化石材结构
Conrad Willems creates modular stone structures based on children’s building blocks

由专筑网王帅,李韧编译

Conrad Willems的建筑雕塑以玩具块为基础,在比利时布鲁塞尔Victor Bourgeois现代主义别墅中展出。

模组雕塑表达了Willems许多作品的特色,例如几乎三米高的Construction IV,这是其最新的雕塑作品,该系列雕塑由自立石砌成。

Conrad Willems' architectural sculptures based on toy blocks are featured in a solo exhibition inside a Victor Bourgeois modernist villa in Brussels.
Modular Sculptures features a number of works by Ghent-based Willems, including the almost three-metre tall Construction IV, the latest in his series of freestanding architectural sculptures made from self-supporting stone blocks.

比“乐高”还厉害的“积木”,你见过吗?第2张图片

模组雕塑展出三米高的Construction IV/The Modular Sculptures exhibition features the three-metre tall Construction IV

这些块体的形状来源于19世纪教育理论家兼教师Frederich Fröbel开发的儿童积木。Willems在小时候,母亲曾送给一套这样的积木,现在他的藏品有2000多件。

Willems告诉Dezeen的记者:“‘玩’积木一直影响着我的作品,同时越来越多的人认为‘玩’是一个非常重要的概念。”

Willems解释说:“为了建造一个结构,我首先使用木块堆积出想要的效果,当我做到满意时,我就会绘制一张施工图,然后开始制造组装。”

The shapes of the blocks are based on the children's wooden construction blocks developed in the 19th century by educational theorist and teacher Frederich Fröbel. Willems was given a set by his godmother as a child and now has more than 2000 pieces in his collection.
"The influence of playing with these blocks has always been present in my work," Willems told Dezeen. "But more and more, I believe 'play' is a really important concept."
"To make a structure, I will first work with actual wooden toy blocks, looking for a structure I like," explained Willems. "When I am confident of the final form, I make a construction drawing which will later double as an installation plan."

比“乐高”还厉害的“积木”,你见过吗?第3张图片

除雕塑之外,还展览了设计图纸/Along with the sculptures the exhibition features construction drawings

Construction IV摆放于展览室的中心位置,这里曾是20世纪著名比利时雕塑家Oscar Jespers的工作室。作品是Willems在现场建造,由10种样式、500块的Borrèze砂岩块建造而成。旁边挂的正是它的设计图。

玩具积木是建筑师和艺术家的灵感源泉。今年早些时候,设计师Andrea Stinga创作了一部动画,把建筑的普利茨克奖(Pritzker Prize)得主的作品重新想象成儿童的积木。建筑师隈研吾(KengoKuma)甚至设计了全新的版本,这是日式乐高。

Construction IV occupies the central space in what was once the atelier of the celebrated 20th century Belgian sculptor Oscar Jespers. It is made from 500 pale Borrèze sandstone blocks in 10 shapes and was built in-situ by Willems. The construction drawing hangs on one wall.
Toy building blocks are a recurring source of inspiration for architects and artists. Earlier this year designer Andrea Stinga created an animation reimagining the works of architecture's Pritzker Prize-winners as children's building blocks. Architect Kengo Kuma has even designed his own version, described as the Japanese alliterative to Lego.

比“乐高”还厉害的“积木”,你见过吗?第4张图片

Allayment由1,296块碎砖组成/Allayment features 1,296 pieces of broken brick

Willems说:“因为施工图指定了块体的类型,但不是确切一块,所以,每次我构建它们的时候就略有不同。每一件作品都用独特的石头标记,这对作品的最终外观有影响。”

在一楼的第二个房间里展览的作品是Allayment,它由1296块砖块堆叠成三个框架,断边朝外。

"Since the construction drawing specifies which type of block goes where, but not the exact piece, the works are slightly different each time I build them," said Willems. "Every piece has unique stone markings which have an impact on the final look of the work."
A second room on the ground floor contains the work Allayment, which consists of 1,296 pieces of brick, which were broken in an earlier performance, stacked into three metal frames with the broken edges facing outwards.

比“乐高”还厉害的“积木”,你见过吗?第5张图片

Willems的雕塑Column由667块石头建成/Willems' sculpture Column is constructed from 667 pieces of stone

上面的阁楼展览着Column,该雕塑由667块比利时化石堆叠成圆柱形。该阁楼曾是Jesper的小作品展览空间,人们通过弯曲的墙壁楼梯可以进入。

Willems说:“我所有作品的共同点是几何学、重复和模块化,即将简单的形状和理念,重复并分层成不简单的东西。”

On the mezzanine – originally an exhibition space for Jesper's smaller works and accessed via a curved-wall staircase – is Column, a sculpture made from 667 pieces of Belgian fossil stone block arranged to create a cylindrical shape.
"A common thread through all my work is geometry, repetition and modularity: simple shapes and ideas, repeated and layered into something less simple," said Willems.

比“乐高”还厉害的“积木”,你见过吗?第6张图片

圆柱形雕塑位于阁楼上/The cylindrical shaped sculpture is positioned on the mezzanine

最后的展览室位于一楼,里面展出了一系列较小的石雕以及一套Willem收集的积木混凝土铸型、Cedric Verhelst设计的建筑构件图片,还有Construction IV的建筑装配视频。

Jespers工作室(Atelier Jespers)是一座用于展览的白色现代主义别墅,由建筑师Victor Brougeois在1929年为Jespers设计。Jespers的作品和画廊空间现在形成了Jespers工作室,由 Jean-François Declercq经营管理。房子里的大多数空间都较为私密。

The final exhibition room on the first floor contains a series of smaller stone sculptures as well as a set of concrete casts of Willem's collection of wooden toy blocks, photography of one of the Construction pieces by Cedric Verhelst and the video of the assembly of Construction IV.
Atelier Jespers is an exhibition space inside a white, modernist villa designed by the architect Victor Brougeois as a home for Jespers in 1929. Jesper's work and gallery spaces now form Atelier Jespers, run by the house's current owner Jean-François Declercq. The more domestic areas of the house remain private.

比“乐高”还厉害的“积木”,你见过吗?第7张图片

雕塑陈列在布鲁塞尔Victor Bourgeois的现代主义别墅里/The sculptures are displayed in Victor Bourgeois modernist villa in Brussels

Willems说:“Victor Bourgeois创作了一座真正的现代主义杰作,你能感觉到这座房子主要用来装饰雕塑。”

Jespers于1970年去世,他在有生之年受到了广泛的赞誉,而去世之后,他的作品的影响力却有些下降。他擅长用比利时蓝石、白石和大理石创作立体派作品。类似于Willems在他的作品中使用的材料。

Willems说:“每一种材料都带有文化历史气息,这为作品增添了一层额外的意义。”

"Victor Bourgeois created a true modernist masterpiece," said Willems. "You can really feel that this house was made to work with and showcase sculptures."
Jespers, who died in 1970, was widely celebrated during his lifetime but his work has had little attention since. He specialised in creating cubism-inspired works using Belgian blue stone, as well as white stone and marble – a similar material palette to the one used by Willems in his Construction series.
"Each of these materials also carries a history of cultural and architectural references, adding an extra layer of meaning to the structures," said Willems.

比“乐高”还厉害的“积木”,你见过吗?第8张图片

展览还有由Cedric Verhelst拍摄的Willems作品照片/The exhibition includes photographs of Willems' Construction pieces taken by Cedric Verhelst

以前在Jespers工作室举办的展览还有设计师Pierre Jeanneret,他为印度昌迪加尔设计了作品。同时也有伦敦设计师Michael Anastassiades,他设计了13盏移动式吊灯。

模块雕塑展览位于Jespers工作室,展期至2018年7月22日,具体位置位于比利时布鲁塞尔王储大道(Avenue du Prince Héritier)。

Previous exhibitions in Atelier Jespers have included a selection of works created by the designer Pierre Jeanneret for the Indian city of Chandigarh and a collection of 13 mobile chandeliers by the London-based designer Michael Anastassiades.
Modular Sculptures will run at Atelier Jespers until 22nd July 2018 on Avenue du Prince Héritier in Brussels, Belgium.

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