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澳大利亚St. Andrews海滨别墅
St. Andrews Beach House / Austin Maynard Architects

由专筑网苏一,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述: St Andrews海滨别墅半径不足5米,如同景观体量。建筑看起来形式低调,有着欧几里得几何形态,位于沙地之中,同时满足各种生活功能。

Text description provided by the architects. Less than five meters in radius, St Andrews Beach House is an object in the landscape. A Euclidean form set amongst the rough and sandy terrain it provides - in modest form - everything you would need and want in a beach shack.

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项目概要:澳大利亚拥有世界上最大的房屋,郊区的度假小屋也愈发常见。St Andrews海滨别墅的业主已经认识到这一点,因此他希望建筑师能够设计一座“Bach”,这在新西兰语中意思是低调的小型基础棚屋。

The Basic Brief: Australians have some of the biggest houses in the world and holiday houses are increasingly becoming carbon copies of the suburban home.  The owner of St Andrews Beach House recognized this. He challenged us to design him a ‘bach’ - a New Zealand word used to describe a very modest, small and basic shack, or shed.

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St Andrews海滨别墅位于维多利亚Mornington半岛,没有购物区,也没有餐厅。角落有一间商店和一座啤酒厂。这是宁静、隐秘、美丽的海岸,还有一些澳大利亚著名的住宅建筑。客户有幸拥有毗邻国家公园的土地,靠近海岸。

The Where: Located on Victoria’s Mornington Peninsula, St Andrews Beach has no shopping strip and no restaurants. There’s a corner store, a brewery, and not much else. What it does offer is serenity and seclusion, a wildly beautiful coastline, and some of the most celebrated residential architecture in Australia. The owner was fortunate enough to own land abutting national parkland, close to the foreshore and directly within the sand dunes.

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圆形和环形交叉路口:St Andrews海滨别墅是一座两层的圆形度假屋,充分利用了所在地的偏僻环境和广阔的视野,建筑向四面八方延伸。建筑独立存在,周围环绕着野生灌木、崎岖的沙丘和灌木丛。建筑整体地融入环境,没有相邻的形式可以呼应,简洁的设计和适度的两居室海滨别墅似乎有着天马行空的想象空间。房屋的形状源于对景观的呼应和室内空间的简化。建筑没有走廊,建筑师认为,走廊空间是一种浪费,这种圆形的空间形式不适合应用走廊。

Circles and Roundabouts: St Andrews Beach House is a two-story circular holiday home that takes advantage of the remoteness of the site and expansive views, which extend in all directions. The house stands alone, in amongst wild bush, rugged sand dunes and scrub. The location is fragile and the house respectfully integrates into the environment. With no neighboring forms to respond to, the brief - to design a modest, two-bedroom beach house, was freely imagined. The shape of the house grew from a response to the views and the simplification of the interior spaces. At St Andrews Beach House there are no corridors. Corridors and circulation space are, in our view, a waste. A corridor free home lends itself to a circular design.

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去往海滩:海滩房屋可以让使用者享受简单的放松,远离城市,与家人和朋友一起享受宁静。相比起传统建筑,其维护成本较低,并且更加的自由与简单,但是同时仍然应该有着一定的舒适性。澳大利亚拥有世界上最大的房屋,郊区的度假小屋也愈发常见,St Andrews海滨别墅的业主已经认识到这一点,因此他希望建筑师能够设计一座“Bach”,这在新西兰语中意思是低调的小型基础棚屋,这种建筑一般由回收材料建造而成。无论拥有多少财富,你都应该拥有自己的“Bach”,这是最为基本的生活必需品。因此客户也因此希望建筑师在沙滩上设计建造这座“Bach”。

To the Beach and Bach: Beach houses exist for simple relaxation, an escape from the city, for quietude and downtime with family and friends. It should provide contrast from day-to-day normality, be super low maintenance, relatively self-sustaining and basic, but not without simple creature comforts. Australians have some of the biggest houses in the world and, increasingly so, Australian holiday houses are becoming carbon copies of the suburban home. Simple shacks are replaced with oversized structures that are all too literally a-home-away-from-home. The owner of St Andrews Beach House recognized this. In his brief he would frequently use the term ‘bach’ -  a word used in New Zealand to describe the rough and ready beach shacks built mostly in the mid-century from found and recycled materials. Regardless of how much money you’ve made, you get yourself a bach, and that bach has to be the most basic, down-to-earth thing. The owner challenged us to design and build him a ‘bach’ in the dunes.

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沙滩中的圆形:St Andrews海滨别墅半径不足5米,如同景观体量。建筑看起来形式低调,有着欧几里得几何形态,位于沙地之中,同时满足各种生活功能。建筑的圆形平面构成体量,因此也有着合理的平面布局,内部空间也因此而产生,平面遵循形式规则,引导和布置划分空间的区段,建筑以螺旋楼梯为核心,有着光线和空气,也有着舒适的空间。该建筑展示了木材的创新用途,即细腻的细节和外露的门框。这座海滨别墅并非完美,但是却具有轻松的氛围,所使用的材料也呼应了码头的特征。

A Circle in the Sand: Less than five meters in radius, St Andrews Beach House is an object in the landscape. A Euclidean form set amongst the rough terrain. The plan of the house is generated using the rational and precise geometry, as the circle extrudes into a tube. The internal spaces are generated by a tightly controlled plan adhering to the rules of form, guiding and arranging segments that divide the space, with a spiral staircase as its central core, providing light and air but also snug spaces. The house displays an innovative use of timber, with chunky details and exposed portal frames. This is not a slick beach house, but a relaxed and informal escape, designed with materials that will patina and weather, like an old coastal wharf.

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建筑前侧:建筑有多种前侧景观视角,并没有主导方向,也不需要正面、背面和侧面,St Andrew海滨别墅始终朝前。其一楼设有厨房、起居室、用餐室、浴室和洗衣房。当双折门打开时,内部的开放式平台区域将空间结合在一起。许多人都梦想有着诸如老式澳大利亚住宅那样的露台,在该项目中,露台已经超越了自身的功能,构成了建筑的内外两层空间。

All Front: The house has multiple outlooks. Without a dominant orientation there is no need for a front, back and sides, St Andrew Beach House is all front. The ground floor comprises of kitchen, living, and dining, with a bathroom and a laundry. An open deck area, within the tube, unites the spaces when the bi-fold doors are opened. Most Australians want a deck or veranda, instead of adding something to the outside, like that of the classic old Australian home, at St Andrews Beach House the deck has been eroded out of the form itself, creating a two-story space that’s both outside and inside.

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无论躺在哪里,都是我的床:中央螺旋楼梯通往楼上的浴室和卧室区域,与传统的卧室布局不同,楼上的睡眠区基本上是一个由窗帘隔开的双层房。St Andrews海滨别墅是休闲和放松的场所,其睡眠区是唯一的限制。当达到这个面积极限时,使用者就可以在外部打开帐篷躺在沙子上,以天为盖,感受星空。

Wherever I lay my head, that’s my bed: A central spiral staircase leads upstairs to the bathroom and bedroom zone. Unlike a traditional bedroom layout, the upstairs sleeping area is essentially one bunk room, separated by curtains. (space can also function as a second living or games room.) Rather than design, a series of sealed bedrooms, each with ensuite and walk-in-robe, the sleeping zone at St Andrews Beach House is informal, casual and relaxed, where floor space is the only limitation. And when that limitation is reached, guests are invited to pitch a tent on the soft sand outside and use the house as a central hub.

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非典型生活:单缸混凝土水箱是海滨别墅的标志,从这里开始,你可以离开汽车、道路、烦恼和其他一切。虽然建筑仍然十分精确,但是圆形的几何形状看起来非同寻常,使用者可以感受不同的生活方式。在标准的平面布局中,每个人都会觉得一切自如,但是如果在圆形的布局之中,使用者会感受到强烈的开放气息,无论水平与垂直,都有着自由的特性。

Atypical living: A single cylinder concrete water tank acts as a gateway marker to the beach house, from here onwards you leave cars, the road, your troubles and everything else behind. Though the building is precise, following the rigid geometry of a circle, staying here provides a complete escape from regular life. Not adhering to a typical layout allows you, if not forces you, to live differently. With a standard home arrangement (a long corridor, with rooms leading off etc.) everyone knows how to use the spaces, a circular home with strong open connections horizontally and diagonally throughout, serves to both engage and liberate.

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可持续性:St Andrews海滨别墅的半径不到5米,在沙丘中占据非常小的空间。Austin Maynard Architects事务所的作品中,可持续性都是该项目的核心。使用的材料坚固耐用,适合该地气候。被动太阳能原理通过设计最大化。所有窗户均为双层玻璃。带微型逆变器的太阳能电池板覆盖屋顶,提供电力水力,建筑不使用化石燃料,没有天然气。大型圆柱形混凝土水箱收集雨水,使其得以再利用。

Sustainability: St Andrews Beach House stands at less than five meters in radius, creating a very small footprint amongst the dunes. Like all of Austin Maynard Architects buildings, sustainability is at the core of this project. The materials used are robust and designed to weather. Passive solar principals are maximized by the design. All windows are double-glazed. Solar panels with micro-inverters cover the roof providing electric hydronic- no fossil fuels, no gas. A large cylinder concrete water tank collects rainwater, captured and reused to flush toilets and water the garden.

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该街区已经过清理,并且与道路相连接。由于沙地的存在,建筑需要很深的基础,施工很困难。园林绿化和保留现有的动物群对于减少由风引起的喷砂特别重要。

The block had been previously cleared and connected to the road for services. Construction was difficult as shifting sands required deep footings. Landscaping and retaining the existing fauna was especially important to minimize sandblasting caused by wind.

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建筑设计:Austin Maynard Architects
位置:澳大利亚
类别:住宅
主创建筑师:Austin Maynard
设计团队:Andrew Maynard, Mark Austin, Ray Dinh
面积:139.0 m2
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Derek Swalwell
制造商:Dulux, Mutina, Vicbeam, Blackbutt, Intergrain, Enzie Stairs, Thermotech

Architects: Austin Maynard Architects
Location: Australia
Category: Houses
Architect in Charge: Austin Maynard
Design Team: Andrew Maynard, Mark Austin, Ray Dinh
Area: 139.0 m2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Derek Swalwell
Manufacturers: Dulux, Mutina, Vicbeam, Blackbutt, Intergrain, Enzie Stairs, Thermotech

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