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这座大楼可装、可卸、可拆、可建,你见过吗?第1张图片

CMRU管理与学术大楼
CMRU Admin and Academic Block / M9 Design Studio

由专筑网李韧,邢子编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:建筑位于Bangalore郊区的新校区内,建筑师受邀负责设计该项目的工程大楼,该项目有着两个要求,其一是尽量在短时间内设计建造完成,另外则是建筑的结构尽量简单,满足未来的扩建需求。因此,建筑师运用了预制钢结构系统,各个部件的制作在工厂进行,然后运输至现场组装起来,这样能够在不降低项目质量的前提下,以更快的速度完成项目的建造。

Text description provided by the architects. We were asked to design the engineering department for an upcoming university campus in suburbs of Bangalore catering to two important requirements along with the programmatic brief which were to complete the project in minimum possible time-line and to make the structure adaptable for future additions and alterations. Hence, the idea of prefabricated steel structure was proposed where all major work was done in workshop and then these prefab components were assembled at site. This helped us achieve accuracy in less time without compromising the quality.

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在该建筑中,教室于南北两侧线性排列,使用者在这里可以俯瞰周围的现有自然景观以及位于东西两侧的服务区域。教室位于外侧,而走廊则面向中庭,垂直交通系统是建筑的核心部分。建筑的一部分用作集散,同时另一部分则用作休闲,这里也是图书馆和影像室的延伸场所。建筑中央的大树如同结构元素支撑着中央楼梯和连接桥体,一个双层通高区域从中央楼梯区域延伸向北侧运动场以及南侧的餐厅,这些功能空间让使用者能够充分地放松身心。

The plan was simple and linear with classrooms on north and south overlooking the existing natural landscape around the site and service areas sandwiched in between on east and west side of the block. While classrooms are on the outer side, corridors face the internal court, which divides into two, vertical circulation being in the center with stairs and bridges. One part of the court acts a gathering space while the other acts as an informal gathering space extension from library and audiovisual room. A tree like element, termed as the knowledge tree, in the center acts as a structural element supporting the central staircase and bridge. The extension from central staircase area to the sports ground on the north and cafeteria on the south side is connected by a double height space, which is well utilized by the students during breaks.

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支撑结构系统位于非承重墙体之间,这让空间的组合更加灵活,教室能够根据需求进行分割与合并。对于学校建筑来说,自然通风非常重要,为了避免热量在建筑内部聚集,建筑师设置了大型带状开窗。位于服务区域和教学区域之间的间隙让自然风能够进入建筑核心,而阳台上的百叶窗则可以将室内热空气有效地排出,因此建筑在全年都能保持凉爽。在立面系统中,建筑师运用双层表皮充分表达了建筑的场地肌理,同时保持了室内外的连贯视线,并且考虑了遮阳需求,另外,这样的表皮设置也让建筑物冬暖夏凉,同时避免雨水的渗漏。

The support structure is designed using deck slabs with in-between walls being non-load bearing. This creates design flexibility wherein classroom modules can be combined and divided easily based on the altering capacities. Cross ventilation is of utmost importance for a structure of this nature. To avoid heat buildup inside the structure, large ribbon windows are provided all across. Thin slits between service block and classrooms suck the wind into the court area and louver panels at the terrace level take the hot air out. This keeps the court cool throughout the year. The site context of hilly terrain all around was replicated in the facade design to keep uninterrupted view from the classrooms and also as sun shading elements. This double skin further adds in keeping the building cooler and to avoid water splashes during heavy rains.

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建筑设计:M9 Design Studio
地点:印度,卡纳塔克邦
主创建筑师:Nischal Abhaykumar and Jesal Pathak
设计团队:Rohan Panji, Pavan MG
面积:60000.0 平方英尺(5574平方米)
项目时间:2015年
摄影:Shamanth Patil Photography
制造商:MARINO
结构工程:Integrated Structural Associates
MEP:Electomac Consultants
承包商:Cicon Engineers Pvt Ltd
客户:CMR Group of Institutions

Architects: M9 Design Studio
Location: 2, 3rd C Cross, 6th A Main, HRBR Layout 2nd Block, HRBR Layout, Kalyan Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560043, India
Lead Architects: Nischal Abhaykumar and Jesal Pathak
Design Team: Rohan Panji, Pavan MG
Area: 60000.0 ft2
Project Year: 2015
Photographs: Shamanth Patil Photography
Manufacturers: MARINO
Structural Engineering: Integrated Structural Associates
MEP: Electomac Consultants
Contractor: Cicon Engineers Pvt Ltd
Client: CMR Group of Institutions

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