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Hundred and 7 N工作室
Studio Hundred and 7 N / Debaixo do Bloco Arquitetura

由专筑网王沛儒,小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。建筑大师奥斯卡·尼迈耶曾经在巴西设计了一座老建筑,在过去几年这座建筑都用做学校,现在要通过改建之后用于新功能,其中之一便是hundred and 7n工作室,Debaixo do Bloco建筑事务所提议将其改建为可以居住、接待朋友或者经常旅行的国际友人客户的空间。

在一个长8.50米、宽8.00米、天花板高度320米的老教室里,建筑师Clay Rodrigues提出了这样一种布局,即将客厅、厨房、家庭办公室、卧室和浴室连接起来。

Text description provided by the architects. An old building in Brasilia designed by Oscar Niemeyer - which in its last years functioned as a school - was reactivated with the purpose of hosting new projects. One of them is the Studio hundred and 7 N, proposal of the Debaixo do Bloco Architecture to receive a cosmopolitan client who lives alone, receives friends and travels a lot.
In an old classroom of 8.50 m long by 8.00 m wide and Ceiling height of 3,20 m the architect Clay Rodrigues proposed a layout that distributes Living Room, Kitchen, Home Office, Bedroom and Bathroom connected.

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诸如客厅、厨房、家庭办公室等公共区域完全整合起来,而卧室和浴室被部分隔离,在68 平方米的自由区域内有两种建设性设计元素:

-首先,有一根柱子长1.10米用于支撑屋顶的桁架,使客厅、厨房与卧室之间在物理和视觉上形成分界线,这使得空间可以在酒吧和家庭影院之间互换。
-其次,一块高度为2.20米的黑色立方体石头和天花板创造了环境中必要的隐私氛围。为了增加空间的庇护感和亲密感,建筑师特意减少了空间尺度与色彩。

The social areas have full integration - living room, kitchen and home office - while bedroom and bathroom are partially or totally isolated with two constructive elements purposely designed within the free area 68 m2:
- The first, a pillar of 1.10 m in length that helps in structuring the trusses of the roof and makes the physical and visual delimitation of the living room / kitchen to the bedroom, also serves as support for a bar and support for the single house tv.
- The second, a black cube of stone with 2.20 m of height, loose of the ceiling, creates the necessary privacy for the environment. The reduced scale and color were purposely defined with the intention of bringing the sense of shelter and intimacy.

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屋顶对于建筑风格的影响不大,但重点的是其高度。这一层有三个水平空间,第一层是街道水平层,第二层是老师的讲台,第三层是教室的水平层。为了坚决这个问题,建筑师增加了70厘米的视觉空间,并且没有使用瓷砖。

The roof was not a matter of architectural style, but rather a high right. The floor had 3 different levels: Level 1, street. Level 2, where the teacher taught. Level 3: from the classroom. With a new level of intensity of "+ 70 cm" the amplitude of visual space, to solve this problem was decided by the creation of sectors,but detached from the tile.

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为了统一不同的结构元素和材料,不同的结构元素、材质都被涂成白色,瓷砖、桁架、结构和安装元件看起来得以统一,也减少了视觉污染。

分布“松散”的瓷砖巧妙地限定了视觉环境,根据功能区域的不同,它们也有着不同的高度,并且逐渐降低,即厨房2.7米、客厅2米(高)×40米、卧室2米(高)×20米、立方体浴室2(高)×10米。

To camouflage the different structural elements and materials were painted white; the tiles, trusses, structures and installation, a way to unite the elements turning them into one, thus also reducing visual pollution.
The sectorized and "loose" linings of the tile subtly delineate the environments. They also have different heights where they gradually become lower as the use of the environment; Kitchen 2.70 m, Living Room 2,40 m, bedroom 2,20 m and finally the cube of the bathroom in 2,10 m.

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空间中虽然仍然使用了支柱,但是在晚上,整个空间看起来如同漂浮在空中一般。

另一个建设性元素是在正面和背面使用的垂直太阳板,用这种内外结合的方式,可以减少太阳直射。这些元素构成了具有韵律感的细长窗户,这样的设计灵感来自巴西利亚北部107号的住宅建筑。

透视与光线构成了空间的内部环境,墙壁的表面涂抹了水泥和胶水的混合物,构成不规则的纹理和阴影,并且有着中性的背景颜色。

Despite the visible struts to hold this design item the sensation - especially at night when the tile disappears and the liner stands out - is that it is floating in space.
Another constructive element is the vertical brise-soleil leased in the front and rear facades, a way to integrate interior with exterior and to reduce the direct solar incidence. These elements create slim windows that obey a rhythm - inspiration brought from a residential building of block 107 north of Brasilia.
Scenographic and punctual lighting compose the interior of the environment next to a wooden freijó woodeork designed by the office. The finish of the walls is a mixture of cement and glue developed on site and creates a neutral background in color, but irregular in textures and shadows.

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空间中应用了装饰性巴西家具,还有覆盖了楼板、台面、墙体的石材,另外还有流行物件、时尚杂志、旅游纪念品,上面有着艺术家Christus Nobrega和 Aldemir Martins的住宅画作,这些物体让空间充满了个性。

In the decoration of 100% Brazilian furniture, as well as all the stones that cover floor, countertops and walls, along with pop objects, fashion magazines and travel souvenirs are exhibited by the house paintings by the artist Christus Nobrega and Aldemir Martins, items that give personality to space.

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建筑设计:Debaixo do Bloco Arquitetura
项目位置:巴西,巴西利亚
项目类型:适应性再利用项目
创始人:Clay Rodrigues
合作创始人:Rodrigo Cibeiros, Luciana Godin, Plinio Barros
木质构件:Debaixo do Bloco
艺术设计:Christus Nobrega, Aldemir Martins
项目面积:731.9平方英尺(约68平方米)
项目年份:2018年
照片摄影:Haruo Mikami

Architects: Debaixo do Bloco Arquitetura
Location: Brasilia - Distrito Federal, Brazil
Category: Adaptive Reuse
Author: Clay Rodrigues
Co-authors: Rodrigo Cibeiros, Luciana Godin, Plinio Barros
Woodwork: Debaixo do Bloco
Art: Christus Nobrega, Aldemir Martins
Area: 731.9 ft2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Haruo Mikami

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